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Preventive Healthcare

Deciphering Hirschsprung's Disease: Understanding Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Approaches

Introduction Hirschsprung's disease is a rare congenital (by birth) disorder that affects the large intestine since birth, and can have a significant impact on the lives of those affected. If you or a loved one are suffering from this disease, it is important to understand its symptoms and the treatment options available to you. If you would like to learn more, keep reading. What Is Hirschsprung's Disease? Hirschsprung's disease  is a condition in which nerve cells are absent in the intestinal wall or large intestine. This absence disrupted bowel movements and causes constipation or blockage from birth. How Common Is Hirschsprung's Disease? Hirschsprung's disease is quite rare. It affects approximately 1 in 5,000 newborns. This disease boys are affected more as compared to girls. What Are The Types Of Hirschsprung's Disease? There are 3 main types of Hirschsprung disease: Short-Segment Hirschsprungs Disease: Involves a relatively small portion of the large intestine. Usually affects the lower part of the colon and rectum. Long-Segment Hirschsprungs Disease: Affects a larger portion or even the entire length of the colon. The absence of nerve cells extends further along the intestine. Total Colonic Aganglionosis: One of the most severe types of Hirschsprung disease Nerve cells are absent throughout the entire colon. What Causes Hirschsprung's Disease? Here's a breakdown of the cause of Hirschsprung disease: You may inherit specific genetic mutations that affect the development of the intestinal neurons. These mutations disrupts the ability of nerve cells to migrate properly during fetal development. During fetal development, nerve cells fail to form a part of the section of the large intestine due to mutation. The absence of such nerve cells, called ganglion cells, is a direct cause of Hirschsprung disease, which prevents the affected part of the intestine from relaxing and functioning normally. Certain genetic syndromes, such as Down syndrome, may increase the risk of developing Hirschsprung's disease. Having a family history of Hirschsprung's disease also increases the likelihood of the disease. In some cases, there can be clear genetic or familial association and Hirschsprung's disease may occur spontaneously during fetal development. What Are The Symptoms Of Hirschsprung Disease? Common Hirschsprung's disease symptoms include: Chronic constipation is one of the Hirschsprung's disease symptoms and usually appears immediately after birth. Your baby may face difficulty a difficulty in passing stool, resulting in infrequent bowel movements or difficulties or hard and difficult stools. Your baby's abdomen may appear swollen or bloating due to the accumulation of stool in the intestines. Meconium is a baby's first stool, which passes usually within 48 hours of birth. In Hirschsprung's disease, your baby may not be able to pass meconium during this time. Severe constipation can cause vomiting, especially if the intestines are blocked. The discomfort caused by this condition may cause your child to show signs of poor feeding. How Is Hirschsprung's Disease Diagnosed? Hirschsprung's disease diagnosis typically involves the following: Your healthcare provider will review your child's medical history, including symptoms like chronic constipation or abdominal distension. A thorough physical examination will be conducted to assess your child's abdomen and overall health. A rectal exam may be performed to check for the presence of stool in the rectum. In Hirschsprung disease, the absence of stool during this exam may indicate a potential diagnosis. Hirschsprung disease X-rays or contrast enemas may be ordered to visualize the intestines and identify any areas of blockage or abnormal narrowing. A definitive diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease is often made through a rectal biopsy. During this procedure, a small tissue sample is taken from the rectum and examined under a microscope to look for the absence of ganglion cells. Anorectal Manometry helps measures the pressure and muscle function in the rectum and anus. It helps assess the ability of the rectum to relax and evacuate stool, which can be impaired in Hirschsprungs disease. In some cases, genetic testing may be recommended, especially if there's a family history of the condition or suspicion of a genetic syndrome associated with Hirschsprung disease. How Is Hirschsprung Disease Treated? There are several Hirschsprung's disease treatment methods available based on the severity of the condition. Here’s how Hirschsprung's disease treatment is carried out: Surgery: The main treatment for Hirschsprungs disease is surgery to remove the portion of the colon lacking nerve cells. This procedure called a pull-through or resection, involves removing the affected part of the colon and connecting the healthy portion to the anus. Temporary Ostomy: In some cases, particularly if your child is very ill or premature, a temporary ostomy may be created. This involves bringing part of the healthy colon through the abdominal wall to create an opening (stoma) for stool to pass into a colostomy bag. Staged Surgery: For certain cases, particularly those with long-segment or total colonic aganglionosis, surgery may need to be done in stages. This approach allows for the gradual removal of the affected colon while minimizing complications. What Are The Complications Of Hirschsprung Disease? Here are the potential complications of Hirschsprungs disease: Enterocolitis, which is a severe inflammation of the colon. Itcan be life-threatening if left untreated. Severe abdominal pain and discomfort. Difficulty in weight gain What Is The Outlook For People Who Have Hirschsprung Disease? Post-surgery, some infants with Hirschsprungs disease may experience constipation and colon infections. However, with ongoing care, many can effectively manage bowel movements and avoid severe complications associated with Hirschsprungs disease.  When To See A Doctor? If you notice persistent constipation, abdominal swelling, or failure to pass stool in your baby, it's essential to see a doctor promptly. Early detection and intervention for symptoms like these can lead to timely diagnosis and effective management of Hirschsprungs disease. Conclusion In a nutshell , understanding Hirschsprungs disease is vital for recognizing its symptoms, seeking early diagnosis, and exploring appropriate treatment options. With advancements in medical care, individuals affected by Hirschsprungs disease can lead fulfilling lives and managing their health effectively in the long-term. To avoid disorders like this and maintain a healthy life, you need to get yourself regularly tested for early diagnosis. Which is why Metropolis Healthcare brings to you a range of full-body check-up packages so that you do not have to worry about your health. Book a test today!

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Preventive Healthcare

Understanding Testicular Torsion: Symptoms, Treatment and Diagnosis

Introduction Testicular torsion is a condition that could be more serious than you think. Ignoring these risks can result in the loss of the affected testicle. This blog will help you identify the symptoms of testicular torsion and stress on the requirement of prompt medical attention. Understanding these signs can make the difference between maintaining your reproductive health and the need for testicular torsion surgery. Keep reading to find out more. What Is Testicular Torsion? Testicular torsion occurs when one of the testicles rotates, twisting the spermatic cord, which supplies blood to the testicle. This sudden twisting cuts off blood flow to the testicle, causing a severe pain and swelling. Tis lack of blood flow can cause a tissue damage and even loss of a testicle. What Are The Symptoms Of Testicular Torsion? Given below are common testicular torsion symptoms: You may experience abrupt and intense pain in your groin or lower abdomen during testicular torsion, often without any apparent cause or injury. Your scrotum swelling may occur, and you may notice an increased tenderness or sensitivity in the affected area. Testicular torsion affected testicle may appear higher than normal or be positioned at an abnormal angle. The scrotum skin may become red or inflamed, indicating a possible tissue damage due to testicular torsion. Some people may also experience testicular torsion symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, usually due to severe pain. Difficulty in urinating Although testicular pain may be severe initially, the pain may subside temporarily as the testicular torsion resolves on its own. However, this does not mean that the problem has disappeared. What Triggers Testicular Torsion? Understanding about the triggers of testicular torsion can help you to prevent this painful condition. Here are the potential testicular torsion causes:  Physical Activity: Engaging in a strenuous physical activity or sports, especially those involving sudden movements or trauma in the groin area, may increase the risk of testicular torsion. Sleeping Position: Sleeping in certain positions, particularly with your legs tightly crossed or in a foetal position, can accidentally twist the spermatic cord, leading to a testicular torsion. Anatomical Factors: Some individuals are born with a predisposition to testicular torsion due to anatomical factors such as a higher-than-usual attachment of the testicles within the scrotum, making it more prone to twisting. Previous torsion: Even if you have previously suffered from the testicular torsion and it was successfully treated, you may have a greater risk to have the testicular torsion again in the future. What Are The Complications Of Testicular Torsion? Possible complications of testicular torsion may include:  Loss of testicle Reduced fertility Risk of infection Reduced exocrine and endocrine function in males Chronic pain Cosmetic deformity How Is Testicular Torsion Diagnosed? The doctor will perform a physical examination to diagnose the reasons for testicular pain and swelling. Imaging tests can also be used to confirm the diagnosis of testicular torsion as well as to evaluate the blood flow to the testicles. What Tests Will Be Done To Diagnose Testicular Torsion? To diagnose testicular torsion, several tests may be performed identify testicular torsion causes : Physical Examination: Through a physical exam your doctor check for testicular torsion symptoms, such as severe pain, swelling, and changes in the position of the testicles. Ultrasound: This imaging test uses sound waves to create pictures of the scrotum and its contents. This also helps to assess the blood flow to the testicles, which is very important in the diagnosis of testicular torsion. Doppler ultrasound: This test provides a detailed information about the blood flow within the testicle which helps in confirm to diagnose testicular torsion. Blood Tests: Blood tests may be conducted to check for signs of infection or other abnormalities that could indicate testicular torsion. How Is Testicular Torsion Treated? Surgery is the most commonly prescribed method testicular torsion treatment. However, in some cases, manual de-torsion as well as painkillers may also be suggested as a short-term option for pain relief. What Treatments Are Available For Testicular Torsion? Given below are the available testicular torsion treatment options: Surgery (Orchiopexy): This is the primary method of treatment for testicular torsion. During orchiopexy, the surgeon untwists the spermatic cord then secures your testicles in place with stitches (sutures) to prevent future twisting. Testicular torsion surgery should be performed immediately. Manual De-torsion: In some cases, if surgery isn't immediately possible, your doctor may try manual de-torsion. This involves manually rotating the testicle back into its normal position and temporarily restoring blood flow. However, this is not a definitive treatment for testicular torsion, so surgery should be performed as soon as possible. Pain Management: Your doctor may prescribe pain medications to reduce the discomfort caused by testicular torsion. Over-the-counter pain relievers may also be helpful. However, it is important not to depend solely only on medicine for testicular pain. How soon after testicular torsion surgery will I feel better?    After a testicular torsion surgery, you may experience an immediate relief from severe pain. However, it is normal to feel discomfort or soreness in the surgical area for a few days after surgery. Full recovery from testicular torsion usually takes about 1 to 2 weeks, during which time you should carefully follow your doctor's post-operative instructions, including resting, avoiding strenuous activity, and taking any prescribed medications. While individual experiences with testicular torsion may vary, most people find that symptoms of testicular torsion steadily improve within a few days after surgery, with a gradual return to normal activities as healing progresses. What can I expect if I have testicular torsion? If you receive prompt treatment for testicular torsion (within six hours) you can expect the prognosis to be positive. However, if blood flow to the testicle is compromised for over six hours, it may lose functionality. In such cases, surgical removal of your testicle may be necessary. When to see a doctor? Typically, you should schedule a follow-up appointment within a week after testicular torsion surgery. However, if you experience any concerning symptoms or complications, such as persistent pain, swelling, fever, or bleeding around incision sites, you should seek medical attention immediately, regardless of whether your follow-up appointment is scheduled. Your doctor will monitor your recovery and ensure that you're healing properly from testicular torsion, so don't hesitate to reach out if you have any concerns. Conclusion In conclusion, recognizing the symptoms of testicular torsion and seeking prompt medical care are vital for preserving testicular health. Timely diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications such as testicular loss and infertility. Remember, don't ignore sudden groin pain and act swiftly to protect your reproductive well-being. You should also get a quick blood test done for the diagnosis of any infection that might develop as a complication of testicular torsion. For this, you can trust Metropolis Healthcare because of their reliable and timely reports that are approved by the best doctors across the country. Metropolis Healthcare is one of the leading names in pathology and diagnostic services with expert phlebotomists and state-of-the-art laboratories. Book a test today!

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Preventive Healthcare

मानसून स्किनकेयर टिप्स: इस मौसम में अपनी त्वचा को स्वस्थ और चमकदार कैसे रखें

परिचय भारत में जब मानसून का मौसम शुरू होता है, तो गर्मी से राहत का एहसास होता है। हालांकि, यह परिवर्तन त्वचा की देखभाल के मामले में चुनौतियां भी पेश करता है। उच्च आर्द्रता (ह्यूमिडिटी) त्वचा की समस्याओं, जैसे कि मुंहासे, फंगल संक्रमण और रूखेपन का कारण बन सकती है। मानसून के दौरान, अत्यधिक पसीने या पानी की अधिक कमी के कारण डिहाइड्रेशन से त्वचा भी रूखी भी हो जाती है। इस मौसम की अनूठी जरूरतों के अनुकूल, प्रभावी मानसून स्किन केयर रूटीन की मांग हैं। यह लेख मानसून स्किन केयर संबंधी टिप्स प्रदान करता है, जिससे आपकी त्वचा बरसात के मौसम में भी चमकदार और स्वस्थ बनी रहेगी। हेल्दी त्वचा के लिए टॉप मानसून स्किन केयर रूटीन टिप्स पेशेवर की तरह साफ करें प्रभावी मानसून स्किन केयर के लिए सफाई पहला कदम है। नमी और प्रदूषण के कारण हमारे चेहरे पर गंदगी और तेल जमा हो सकता है। अपने चेहरे को साफ करने के लिए सौम्य क्लींजर का इस्तेमाल करें क्योंकि यह आपकी त्वचा के प्राकृतिक सुरक्षात्मक परत को नुकसान पहुँचाए बिना उसके सामान्य pH संतुलन को बनाए रखता है। सुबह और सोने से पहले अपना चेहरा धोएँ और स्क्रब करने के बजाय थपथपाकर सुखाएँ। आप अपनी त्वचा को डिहाइड्रेशन से बचाने के लिए साबुन रहित क्लींजर का उपयोग भी कर सकते हैं। एक्सफोलिएट करना न भूलें एक्सफोलिएट करने से डेड स्किन सेल्स हट जाते हैं, जिससे आपकी त्वचा तरोताजा और चमकदार दिखती है। परन्तु ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा एक्सफोलिएट न करें क्योंकि यह आपकी त्वचा के प्राकृतिक तेल को काम करता हैं, जिससे त्वचा रूखी हो जाती है या सीबम का उत्पादन बढ़ जाता है। सेंसिटिव त्वचा के लिए, सप्ताह में दो बार उपयुक्त एक्सफोलिएंट का इस्तेमाल करें। एक्सफोलिएशन से रक्त संचार में भी सुधार होता है और अन्य उत्पादों का  बेहतर अवशोषण होता है। मॉइस्चराइजेशन के साथ सही संतुलन मानसून में नमी बनाए रखना उतना ही ज़रूरी है जितना कि अन्य मौसमों में। अगर आपकी त्वचा ड्राई है, तो नम त्वचा पर मॉइस्चराइजर लगाएँ; यह नमी को लॉक करेगा और आपकी त्वचा को मुलायम बनाए रखेगा। ऑयली त्वचा के लिए, नॉन-कॉमेडोजेनिक और ऑयल-फ्री मॉइस्चराइजर का इस्तेमाल करें। मेकअप कम से कम करें भारी मेकअप पोर्स को बंद कर सकता है जिससे मुहांसे हो सकते हैं। मेकअप की कई परतें लगाने से अत्यधिक सीबम उत्पादन हो सकता है, जिससे त्वचा ऑयली हो सकती है। मानसून के मौसम में त्वचा की देखभाल के लिए "कम ही ज़्यादा है" इस  मंत्र का पालन करें। अपनी त्वचा को सांस लेने देने के लिए वाटरप्रूफ, हल्के मेकअप का इस्तेमाल करें। बेहतर नतीजों के लिए आप सौम्य क्रीम और टिंटेड लिप बाम भी आज़मा सकते हैं। टोनर को न छोड़ें टोनर त्वचा के प्राकृतिक pH संतुलन को बनाए रखता हैं और ओपन पोर्स को कम करते हैं। टोनर का इस्तेमाल न छोड़ें टोनर त्वचा के प्राकृतिक pH संतुलन को बहाल करते हैं और ओपन पोर्स को भी कम करते हैं। अपनी त्वचा को ज़्यादा रूखा होने से बचाने के लिए अल्कोहल-फ्री टोनर चुनें। उत्पाद खरीदने से पहले हमेशा उसमें मौजूद सामग्री को पढ़ें। सनस्क्रीन लगाएँ सनस्क्रीन सिर्फ़ गर्मियों के लिए ही नहीं है। यह हानिकारक UV किरणों से भी सुरक्षा प्रदान करता है जो मानसून के मौसम में भी आपकी त्वचा को नुकसान पहुंचा सकती हैं। UVA और UVB किरणों से बचाने के लिए UV सुरक्षा की एक विस्तृत श्रृंखला चुनें। चमकदार लुक के लिए मैट-फ़िनिश, नॉन-ग्रीसी सनस्क्रीन चुनें। क्ले मास्क का इस्तेमाल करें क्ले मास्क अतिरिक्त तेल को सोख लेते हैं, अशुद्धियों को दूर करते हैं और आपकी त्वचा को डिटॉक्सीफाई करते हैं।ऑयली या मुहांसे वाली त्वचा वाले लोगों के लिए ये मानसून स्किन केयर के लिए एक बेहतरीन टिप हैं। आप इसी तरह के परिणाम पाने के लिए DIY अर्थ मास्क या मुल्तानी मिट्टी का भी इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं। इस्तेमाल करने से पहले अपने उत्पाद के बारे में अच्छी तरह से रिसर्च करें। अपनी त्वचा को विटामिन C से भरपूर बनाएँ विटामिन C सीरम सूरज की क्षति से बचाता है साथ ही कोलेजन उत्पादन को भी बढ़ावा देता है जो स्वस्थ, चमकदार त्वचा पाने में मददत करता है। अतिरिक्त चमक पाने के लिए बारिश के मौसम में इसे अपनी  मानसून स्किन केयर रूटीन में शामिल करें। विटामिन C चेहरे के दाग-धब्बों को भी कुछ हद तक कम कर सकता है। पैरों की अतिरिक्त देखभाल मानसून के दौरान नमी और गंदे पानी से पैर सबसे ज़्यादा प्रभावित होते हैं, जिससे संक्रमण और पैरों की दुर्गंध आती है। उन्हें साफ, सूखा और हाइड्रेटेड रखें। जब भी संभव हो खुले जूते पहनें। डैंड्रफ-फ्री स्कैल्प के लिए डीप-कंडीशनिंग मानसून में बढ़ी हुई नमी स्कैल्प में खुजली और रूसी का कारण बन सकती है। अपने बालों के प्रकार के हिसाब से माइल्ड शैम्पू और कंडीशनर का इस्तेमाल करें। सामान्य प्रश्न मानसून के दौरान आप अपनी त्वचा की देखभाल कैसे करते हैं? ऊपर दी गई टिप्स के अलावा, एक स्वस्थ जीवनशैली भी बहुत मददगार है। हाइड्रेटेड रहें, एंटीऑक्सीडेंट से भरपूर पौष्टिक खाद्य पदार्थ खाएं, नियमित रूप से व्यायाम करें और पर्याप्त नींद लें। मानसून त्वचा को कैसे प्रभावित करता है? मानसून के दौरान वातावरण में नमी बढ़ जाती है, जिससे त्वचा कई तरह की समस्याओं से ग्रस्त हो जाती है। ऑयली त्वचा और ज्यादा ऑयली हो सकती है और ड्राई त्वचा और भी ड्राई हो सकती है। फंगल संक्रमण की संभावना भी बढ़ जाती है। मैं मानसून में अपनी त्वचा को कैसे चमकदार बना सकता हूँ? मानसून में त्वचा की देखभाल के लिए एक अनुशासित दिनचर्या का पालन करें, हाइड्रेटेड रहें, स्वस्थ भोजन करें, अच्छी स्वच्छता प्रथाओं का पालन करें और किसी भी दीर्घकालिक त्वचा समस्या के लिए त्वचा विशेषज्ञ से परामर्श लें। मानसून में त्वचा में खुजली क्यों होती है? आमतौर पर खुजली पसीने, संक्रमण या एलर्जी के कारण होती है। सिंथेटिक कपड़े पहनने से भी खुजली हो सकती है क्योंकि वे नमी को रोकते हैं। ऑयली स्किन के लिए सबसे अच्छा मानसून स्किनकेयर कैसे करें? ऑयली स्किन के लिए, नॉन-कॉमेडोजेनिक उत्पादों का उपयोग करें जो पोर्स को बंद न करें। क्ले मास्क मानसून स्किनकेयर के लिए उपयोगी हो सकते हैं। इसके अलावा, अल्कोहल-फ्री टोनर pH के संतुलन को बनाए रखने और पोर्स को कम करने में मदद करेगा। सेंसिटिव त्वचा के लिए सबसे अच्छा मानसून स्किनकेयर कैसे करें? सेंसिटिव त्वचा को विशेष रूप से इसके लिए डिज़ाइन किए गए उत्पादों के साथ कोमल देखभाल की आवश्यकता होती है। हार्श एक्सफोलिएशन से बचें और नए उत्पादों को आज़माने से पहले हमेशा पैच टेस्ट करें। निष्कर्ष सही मानसून स्किनकेयर टिप्स और रूटीन का पालन करने से आपको मानसून सीजन से होने वाली त्वचा संबंधी समस्याओं से निपटने में मदद मिल सकती है। हालाँकि, हर किसी की त्वचा अलग होती है, इसलिए जो एक व्यक्ति के लिए काम करता है वह दूसरे के लिए भी काम करेगा यह जरूरी नहीं  है। अगर आपको लगातार त्वचा संबंधी समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ रहा है, तो त्वचा विशेषज्ञ या स्वास्थ्य सेवा पेशेवर से त्वरित परामर्श करें। क्या आप अपने स्वास्थ्य की यात्रा में मार्गदर्शन के लिए किसी भरोसेमंद स्वास्थ्य भागीदार की तलाश कर रहे हैं? मेट्रोपोलिस लैब्स भारत भर में डायग्नोस्टिक सेवाओं में एक स्थापित लीडर है। उन्नत पैथोलॉजी लैब और योग्य रक्त संग्रह तकनीशियनों के साथ, जो घर पर ही आते हैं, सटीक स्वास्थ्य जानकारी प्राप्त करना पहले से कहीं ज़्यादा सुविधाजनक है। आज ही मेट्रोपोलिस हेल्थकेयर की सेवाओं का लाभ उठाएँ! याद रखें - आपका स्वास्थ्य ही आपकी संपत्ति है और त्वचा की देखभाल को प्राथमिकता देना दिखावा नहीं बल्कि समझदारी है!

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Preventive Healthcare

मानसून के दौरान परिवार की सुरक्षा सम्बंधित जरूरी टिप्स

परिचय भारत में मानसून के आगमन से गर्मी से राहत तो मिलती है, लेकिन इसके साथ ही संभावित स्वास्थ्य समस्याएं भी आती हैं। इस मौसम में हमें कुछ मानसून सुरक्षा सावधानियों का पालन करना आवश्यक है। क्योंकि बाढ़ और उच्च आर्द्रता (ह्यूमिडिटी) के कारण डेंगू, मलेरिया और टाइफाइड बुखार जैसी कई बीमारियों के फैलने का खतरा होता है। इसलिए, अपने परिवार की सुरक्षा के लिए बरसात के मौसम में इन सावधानियों को समझना और लागू करना महत्वपूर्ण है। इस लेख में, हम मानसून के लिए विभिन्न सेफ्टी टिप्स पर चर्चा करेंगे, जिसमें आहार, व्यक्तिगत स्वच्छता, घर की सुरक्षा और बहुत कुछ शामिल है। इन गाइडलाइन्स का पालन करके, आप यह सुनिश्चित कर सकते हैं कि आपका परिवार मानसून का आनंद लेते हुए स्वस्थ और फिट रहे। अपनी त्वचा का ख्याल रखें मानसून के दौरान त्वचा की अच्छी देखभाल करना बहुत ज़रूरी है क्योंकि मौसम की नमी त्वचा के संक्रमण का कारण बन सकती है। जीवाणुरोधी साबुन का उपयोग करना, अपनी त्वचा को सूखा रखना और नियमित रूप से मॉइस्चराइज़ करना फंगल संक्रमण को रोक सकता है और आपकी त्वचा को स्वस्थ रख सकता है। बीमार लोगों के निकट संपर्क से बचें मानसून के दौरान फ्लू और सर्दी जैसी संक्रामक बीमारियों में वृद्धि होती है। एक महत्वपूर्ण मानसून सेफ्टी टिप्स में से है कि बीमार लोगों के निकट संपर्क से बचें। यह सावधानी संक्रमण के जोखिम को कम करती है और सुनिश्चित करती है कि आपका परिवार स्वस्थ रहे और मानसून के मौसम में मौसमी बीमारियों से कम प्रभावित हो। मच्छरों से दूर रहें मच्छरों को दूर रखना मानसून के दौरान एक महत्वपूर्ण सुरक्षा सावधानी है। बरसात का मौसम मच्छरों के प्रजनन के लिए बिल्कुल उपयुक्त है, जो डेंगू और मलेरिया जैसी बीमारियाँ फैला सकते हैं। मच्छर भगाने वाली दवाओं का उपयोग करने, खिड़कियों पर मच्छरदानी लगाने और स्थिर पानी को हटाने जैसी सावधानियां आपके परिवार को इन  स्वास्थ्य जोखिमों से बचा सकती हैं। स्वस्थ भोजन खाएं स्वस्थ भोजन खाना मानसून सेफ्टी टिप्स में सबसे महत्वपूर्ण है। नमी वाले मौसम में खाद्य जनित बीमारी का खतरा बढ़ जाता है, इसलिए खाद्य सुरक्षा को प्राथमिकता देना महत्वपूर्ण है। ताजा बना हुआ खाना खाना, स्ट्रीट फूड से परहेज करना और साफ पानी पीना गैस्ट्रोइंटेस्टाइनल संक्रमण को रोकने के लिए एक मुख्य कदम हैं। फलों, सब्जियों और प्रोबायोटिक्स जैसे इम्यूनिटी को बढ़ाने वाले खाद्य पदार्थों को शामिल करने से आपके परिवार के स्वास्थ्य की और भी सुरक्षा होती है। मानसून के दौरान इन खाद्य सुरक्षा सावधानियों का पालन करके, आप यह सुनिश्चित कर सकते हैं कि आपका परिवार स्वस्थ रहे और इस मौसम में होने वाली आम बीमारियों से सुरक्षित रहे। सही स्वास्थ्य बीमा लें अपने परिवार के लिए व्यापक स्वास्थ्य बीमा एक स्मार्ट मानसून सेफ्टी टिप है। बरसात के मौसम में चिकित्सा आपात स्थिति का जोखिम बढ़ जाता है। पर्याप्त बीमा कवरेज होने से आपके परिवार को वित्तीय सुरक्षा और समय पर आवश्यक चिकित्सा देखभाल मिलती है, जिससे आपको इन अनिश्चित समय के दौरान मन की शांति मिलती है। धीरे और सावधानी से ड्राइव करें धीरे-धीरे और सावधानी से गाड़ी चलाना मानसून सेफ्टी टिप्स के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण टिप में से एक है। बरसात के मौसम में सड़कें फिसलन भरी हो जाती हैं और दृश्यता भी कम हो जाती है जिसकी वजहसे दुर्घटनाओं का खतरा बढ़ जाता है। बरसात के मौसम में इस सुरक्षा सावधानी का पालन करके, आप यह सुनिश्चित कर सकते हैं कि आपका परिवार यात्रा करते समय सुरक्षित रहे, जिससे गीली और जलभराव वाली सड़कों पर दुर्घटनाओं की संभावना कम हो जाती है। विद्युत तारों को न छुएं मानसून के दौरान विद्युत तारों के संपर्क से बचना सबसे बेसिक सुरक्षा सावधानी है। खुली या गिरी हुई तारें बारिश के मौसम में अत्यधिक खतरनाक हो सकती हैं। अपने परिवार, विशेष रूप से छोटे बच्चों को इसके खतरों के बारे में शिक्षित करें और सुनिश्चित करें कि वे विद्युत तारों से दूर रहें। इलेक्ट्रॉनिक उपकरणों को अनप्लग करें बरसात के मौसम में इलेक्ट्रॉनिक उपकरणों को अनप्लग करना मानसून सुरक्षा के लिए एक महत्वपूर्ण सावधानी है। बरसात के मौसम में अक्सर आंधी और भारी बारिश होती है, जिससे बिजली के झटके और बिजली के खतरे हो सकते हैं। जब उपकरण उपयोग में न हों तो उन्हें अनप्लग करके, आप उन्हें वोल्टेज स्पाइक्स से होने वाले संभावित नुकसान से बचा सकते हैं और आग के खतरे को कम कर सकते हैं। यह आपके परिवार की सुरक्षा सुनिश्चित करने और आपके इलेक्ट्रॉनिक उपकरणों की लंबी उम्र बनाए रखने में मदद करने के लिए एक सरल लेकिन प्रभावी उपाय है, जो इस मौसम के दौरान मन की शांति प्रदान करता है। खिड़कियां ठीक से बंद करें यह सुनिश्चित करना कि खिड़कियां ठीक से बंद हों, मानसून सेफ्टी का एक महत्वपूर्ण उपाय है।  खिड़कियां अगर ठीक से बंद हो तो यह बारिश के पानी को आपके घर में घुसने से रोकती हैं और आपके सामान की सुरक्षा करती हैं तथा पानी से होने वाले नुकसान के जोखिम को कम करती हैं। यह बारिश के मौसम में एक सरल लेकिन प्रभावी सुरक्षा एहतियात है जो परिवार के लिए एक सूखा और सुरक्षित आंतरिक वातावरण बनाए रखने में मदद कर सकता है। छाता और रेनकोट साथ रखें छाता और रेनकोट साथ रखना मानसून में सुरक्षा के सबसे प्रैक्टिकल सुझावों में से एक है।अचानक बारिश होना यह बरसात के मौसम की खासियत है और इसलिए इन वस्तुओं को आसानी से उपलब्ध रखना, यह सुनिश्चित कर सकता है कि आपका परिवार सूखा रहे और भीगने से होने वाली बीमारियों से बचा रहे। मानसून के दौरान अच्छे स्वास्थ्य को बनाए रखने के लिए यह तैयारी ज़रूरी है। आपातकालीन किट तैयार करे आपातकालीन किट तैयार करना परिवारों के लिए मानसून सुरक्षा एहतियात का एक अहम हिस्सा है। इस किट में फर्स्ट-ऐड, जरूरी दवाइयां, फ्लैशलाइट, बैटरी और खाना जैसी ज़रूरी चीजें शामिल होनी चाहिए। इसके अलावा, वाटरप्रूफ बैग में जरूरी दस्तावेज, पोर्टेबल फोन चार्जर और बेसिक उपकरण रखने पर विचार करें। आपातकालीन किट से लैस होने से यह सुनिश्चित होता है कि आपका परिवार बरसात के मौसम में असंभावित परिस्थितियों, जैसे बिजली की आपूर्ति बाधित होना या बाढ़, के लिए तैयार है। यह तैयारी आपके परिवार की सुरक्षा को बढ़ाती है और मानसून की अप्रत्याशितता के बीच मन की शांति प्रदान करती है। निष्कर्ष जैसा कि कहावत है, "Prevention is better than cure" मानसून सुरक्षा सावधानियों को लागू करना आपके परिवार के स्वास्थ्य और सेहत के लिए महत्वपूर्ण है। मन की शांति के लिए, मेट्रोपोलिस लैब्स जैसे विश्वसनीय प्रदाताओं से नियमित स्वास्थ्य जांच पर विचार करें। उनकी होम सैंपल कलेक्शन सेवा और सटीक डायग्नोस्टिक टेस्ट के साथ, मानसून के मौसम में अपने परिवार के स्वास्थ्य को प्राथमिकता देना आसान हो जाता है। याद रखें, थोड़ी सी सावधानी आपके परिवार के लिए एक सुखद और स्वस्थ मानसून सुनिश्चित करने में बहुत मददगार हो सकती है।

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Preventive Healthcare

Analyzing Hodgkin Lymphoma: Symptoms and Treatment Pathways

Introduction Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. Although a diagnosis can be concerning, it is important to remember that significant advances have been made in the treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma and many patients have achieved long-term remission. This guide is intended to provide you with knowledge about the disease, including its signs and symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and available treatment options. Understanding Hodgkin lymphoma helps you to actively participate in your healthcare decisions. This resource also provides a comprehensive overview of the disease in a clear and informative manner. What Is Hodgkin Lymphoma? Hodgkin's lymphoma, formerly also called Hodgkin's disease, is a form of cancer classified as a monoclonal lymphoid neoplasm. This means that it comes from a single clone of mutated lymphocytes (white blood cells) in the lymphatic system. What distinguishes it from other lymphomas is the presence of specific abnormal cells called Reed-Sternberg cells. The Hodgkin lymphoma survival rate is about 90% for five years or more after diagnosis. Hodgkin lymphoma types Hodgkin lymphoma types are primarily divided into Classical Hodgkin lymphoma and Nodular Lymphocyte-Predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL): This Hodgkin lymphoma type accounts for the majority of cases and includes subpopulations such as tuberous sclerosis (NSHL), lymphocyte-rich, mixed cellularity, and lymphocyte-depleted. Nodular Lymphocyte-Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma (NLPHL): NLPHL is less common and is characterized by the presence of predominantly lymphocytic cells, which are different from the Reed-Sternberg cells found in cHL. What Are Hodgkin Lymphoma Symptoms?   Hodgkin lymphoma symptoms include: Painless Swelling of Lymph Nodes: Hodgkin lymphoma is commonly present with a painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, notably in the neck, armpits, or groin. This swelling may persist over time and could be an initially noticeable symptom. Persistent Fatigue: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma often experience a persistent fatigue, which may not be alleviated by rest. This fatigue can significantly affect daily activities and may worsen as the disease progresses. Fever: Fever is a common symptom of Hodgkin lymphoma and is often intermittent. It may be accompanied by other symptoms such as night sweats. Night sweats: In Hodgkin lymphoma, night sweats often cause severe bedwetting. They can occur regularly and disturb sleep patterns. Unintended Weight Loss: Unexplained weight loss is an important symptom of Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients may experience noticeable weight loss even if they are maintaining a regular diet and eating habits. Loss of Appetite: Hodgkin lymphoma can lead to a decreased appetite, contributing to unintentional weight loss. Patients may find it difficult to eat, leading to further nutritional deficits. What Causes Hodgkin’s Lymphoma? Hodgkin lymphoma causes are unknown, but it is thought to be related to abnormalities in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Risk factors, includes a weakened immune system, a family history of lymphoma, and exposure to certain infections (such as Epstein-Barr virus) are other possible Hodgkin lymphoma causes. Certain Hodgkin lymphoma types may have unique associations, such as nodular sclerosing Hodgkin lymphoma, which is more common in young people, and mixed cell Hodgkin lymphoma, which has a strong association with Epstein-Barr virus infection. How To Diagnose Hodgkin Lymphoma? Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosis includes: Physical Examination: Doctors conduct a thorough physical exam, checking for swollen lymph nodes, which could be a sign of Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood Tests: These tests help evaluate overall health and may detect certain markers associated with Hodgkin lymphoma. Imaging Tests: X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and PET scans provide detailed images to identify abnormalities in the lymph nodes and other parts of the body. Biopsy: A tissue sample from an enlarged lymph node or other affected area is examined under a microscope to confirm the presence of Hodgkin lymphoma. What Are The Stages Of Hodgkin Lymphoma? Stages of Hodgkin lymphoma include: Stage I: Cancer is found in one lymph node region or organ. Stage II: Cancer is found in two or more lymph node regions on the same side of the diaphragm, or it may be found in one part of a tissue or organ and the lymph nodes near that organ. Stage III: Cancer is found in lymph node regions on both sides of the diaphragm. It may also be found in one part of a tissue or organ and nearby lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm. Stage IV: Cancer has spread widely into one or more organs outside the lymph system or into organs not near the lymph system. How Is Hodgkin Lymphoma Treated? Hodgkin lymphoma treatment includes: Chemotherapy: This treatment involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It is often used alone or in combination with other therapies as the primary treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma. Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy uses high energy rays to target and destroy cancer cells. It can be used alone or in combination with chemotherapy, especially for diseases in the early stages or as a consolidation therapy after chemotherapy. Bone marrow transplant: In the case of Hodgkin recurrence or intractable lymphoma, the bone marrow transplant can be considered. This procedure includes replacing the bone marrow with a healthy stem cell. Other Drug Therapy: In some cases, targeted therapies, such as monoclonal antibodies and immunotherapy, can be used to specifically target cancer cells or boost the body's immune response to cancer. What Is The Outlook For Hodgkin Lymphomas? The outlook for Hodgkin lymphomas is as follows: Excellent Prognosis: Hodgkin lymphoma generally has a favorable Prognosis, with high survival rates. For example, the 5 -year survival rate for classic Hodgkin's lymphoma at the early stages is greater than 90%, which indicates a very high healing rate. High Survival Rate: Hodgkin lymphoma has about 90 % of the five -year survival rate. This means that about 90 of the 100 people diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma will survive for at least 5 years after diagnosis. Stage-Dependent: Survival rates vary depending on the stage of the disease. For example, the 5-year survival rate for stage 3 Hodgkin lymphoma is approximately 80%. Improved Treatments: Advances in Hodgkin lymphoma treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy, have contributed to the improvement of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma. Conclusion In conclusion, understanding Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and treatment options for is essential for patients and their families facing this diagnosis. From painless swollen lymph nodes to persistent fatigue, early recognition of these signs allows for timely intervention and results in better outcomes. Treatment options, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapies, offer hope and a path toward remission. However, timely diagnosis and access to accurate diagnostic services are essential components of this journey. Metropolis Labs, with its commitment to providing accurate blood testing and health check-up services, stands as a reliable partner in this fight against Hodgkin lymphoma. Through a network of diagnostic labs and qualified blood collection technicians, Metropolis ensures precise testing and prompt delivery of reports via email and their user-friendly TruHealth app. Trust Metropolis Labs for accurate pathology services and support in your healthcare journey.

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Preventive Healthcare

Managing Diverticulitis: Dietary Strategies and Lifestyle Tips for Relief!

Introduction Diverticulitis can be challenging, but with the right nutritional strategies and lifestyle adjustments, you can effectively manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. In this article, we'll explore the ins and outs of diverticulitis, from understanding its symptoms and causes to discussing different treatment options. Whether you are newly diagnosed or looking for ways to better manage your condition, this article aims to provide you with the knowledge you need. What is Diverticulitis? Diverticulitis is a condition in which the small pouches called diverticula present in the wall of the colon (large intestine) in the digestive system become inflamed or infected. Diverticulitis causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, and intestinal changes. What are the Different Types of Diverticulitis? Diverticulitis types can be categorized as follows: Acute diverticulitis occurs suddenly but resolves quickly with treatment. Chronic inflammation can occur several times. This may happen because one of your episodes has not completely healed. Or it may be due to another chronic colon disease. Chronic diverticulitis may develop due to a previous episode you had hasn't healed completely, or it may be due to another chronic colon disease. Uncomplicated diverticulitis this is the most common type of diverticulitis. It easily gets better with the right treatment. Complicated diverticulitis may involve complications such as abscess formation, perforation, or fistula formation. What are the Symptoms of Diverticulitis? Diverticulitis is more common in women aged 50 years and above compared to men. However, there are no separate diverticulitis symptoms in females. Diverticulitis symptoms can vary from person to person but commonly include: Abdominal pain, particularly in the lower left side Fever Nausea Vomiting Changes in bowel habits Abdominal tenderness or bloating What are the Causes of Diverticulitis? Diverticulitis occur when pouches of tissue form along the digestive tract, typically in the large intestine or colon. These pouches (diverticula) can become inflamed or infected when their openings become blocked by faeces or partially digested food. However, there is no exact single reason that can be termed as diverticulitis causes, it is believed to be related to factors such as: Age: Due to aging, your muscles and tissues naturally weaken, making your colon more prone to developing diverticula. Genetics: Genetic factors may be one of the diverticulitis causes. You can inherit diverticulitis from your family members. Diet: Your dietary choices can be the hidden reason behind diverticulitis causes, particularly a low-fibre diet, can contribute to the development of diverticulitis by causing constipation and increasing pressure in your colon. Lifestyle: Factors such as obesity, smoking, and lack of physical activity can increase your risk of diverticulitis. Obesity: Excessive body weight, particularly around your abdomen, can increase a pressure on your abdominal cavity, leading to the formation of diverticula. Smoking: Smoking is associated with an increased risk of diverticulitis, it can be possibly due to its effects on colon motility and inflammation. Lack of Physical Activity: Your sedentary lifestyle can contribute to constipation and sluggish bowel movements, which may increase your risk of diverticulitis by becoming one of the leading diverticulitis causes. What are the Complications of Diverticulitis? Complications of diverticulitis can include: Abscess formation Perforation of the colon Fistula formation (abnormal connections between organs) Intestinal obstruction Peritonitis (inflammation of the abdominal lining). How is Diverticulitis Diagnosed? It's important to diagnose diverticulitis because if left untreated, it can lead to the above-mentioned complications. In diagnosing diverticulitis, healthcare providers typically use a comprehensive approach, including: Medical History Review: Your healthcare provider will ask about your diverticulitis symptoms, medical history, and any risk factors associated with diverticulitis. This information can help guide the diagnostic process and assess the severity of your diverticulitis. Physical Examination: A physical examination may be conducted to assess your abdomen for tenderness, bloating, or other signs of diverticulitis. Your healthcare provider may also examine your abdomen with the help of a stethoscope to detect any unusual sounds. Blood Tests: Blood tests such as full blood (CBC) can be performed to test the signs of infection, such as elevated white blood cell counts. Abnormalities in blood test results can provide valuable clues about the presence and severity of diverticulitis. Stool test: A stool test is conducted for infection screening, including Clostridium difficile (C. diff). Urine test: A urine test is performed to detect any urinary tract infections. Imaging Studies: Imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) scans or ultrasound, are commonly used to visualize the colon and detect any abnormalities such as inflammation or infection. CT scans are particularly useful for diagnosing diverticulitis and assessing its severity. Colonoscopy: In some cases, a colonoscopy may also be recommended to directly visualize the colon and rule out other conditions that may mimic diverticulitis, such as colorectal cancer or inflammatory bowel disease. During a colonoscopy, a flexible tube with a camera on the end (endoscope) is inserted through the rectum and into the colon, for a detailed examination of inside the colon. How is Diverticulitis Treated? Diverticulitis treatment depends on the severity of your diverticulitis symptoms and any diverticulitis complications you may have. In mild cases, your diverticulitis treatment plan may include dietary changes, rest, and medication to relieve symptoms. However, if diverticulitis symptoms are severe or complications arise, hospitalization and surgery may be required. Diet and Diverticulitis: Your diet plays a crucial role in managing diverticulitis symptoms and preventing flare-ups. Making dietary changes such as increasing your fibre intake, staying hydrated, and avoiding certain foods can help in reducing the diverticulitis symptoms and promoting digestive health. Dietary Changes: Constipation is one of the diverticulitis causes, polyps are formed due to continuous excessive muscular contraction for a long time, in an effort to move small and hard stools. Increasing your fibre intake can help increasing the bulk and soften your stool, promoting regular bowel movements, and thus reducing the risk of diverticulitis flare-ups. Diverticulitis diet includes high-fibre food such as: Fruits Vegetables Whole grains Legumes Additionally, staying hydrated by increasing your water intake and avoiding alcohol and caffeine consumption can help regulate bowel function and prevent constipation. Medication: In some cases, your healthcare provider may prescribe the below mentioned medications which can help in managing symptoms of diverticulitis. This may include: Antibiotics to treat infection Pain relievers to reduce discomfort Antispasmodic medications to reduce abdominal cramping It is important to follow the recommendations suggested by your healthcare professional for the medications used and inform them in case of side effects or concerns you may have. Surgery for Diverticulitis Surgery for diverticulitis may be necessary in cases of recurrent or severe diverticulitis symptoms, complications such as abscesses or fistulas, or when other treatments have been unsuccessful. Surgical options may include bowel resection to remove the affected portion of the colon or procedures to drain abscesses or repair fistulas. Home Remedies for Diverticulitis In addition to dietary changes and medication, certain home remedies may help in reducing your symptoms of diverticulitis. Applying heat packs to the abdomen, practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or meditation, and getting regular exercise can help relieve diverticulitis pain and promote overall well-being. How to Prevent Diverticulitis? Although it is not possible to completely prevent diverticulitis, but by adopting a healthy lifestyle and making dietary changes can help reduce the risk of developing diverticulitis and prevent diverticulitis flare-ups. The main components of preventing diverticulitis are eating a high-fiber diet, staying hydrated, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly. When to See a Doctor? If you experience symptoms of diverticulitis, such as abdominal pain, fever, or changes in bowel habits, it is important to see a doctor for an immediate evaluation and diagnosis. Seeking medical attention quickly can prevent problems with diverticulitis. Conclusion Managing diverticulitis requires a balanced approach, which includes dietary adjustments, lifestyle changes, and medical support. Understanding its signs, causes, and treatments empowers you to take charge of your well-being. Consult your healthcare provider for a personalized guidance. With Metropolis Labs offering convenient in-house blood sample collection, accurate diagnostic tests, and informative blogs, you have the tools to navigate diverticulitis treatment confidently. Contact Metropolis Labs for more information.

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Preventive Healthcare

Understanding Delirium: When Your Mind Suddenly Gets Confused

Introduction Delirium is a sudden state of confusion of the mind which also creates a difficulty in concentrating. Delirium can affect anyone, from the young to the elderly. Decoding its causes, symptoms, and management strategies is crucial for both caregivers and patients alike. Let’s know all about delirium and how to manage the condition. What Is Delirium? Delirium isn't just something that happens when you get older or take certain medications. It is a serious health problem that can make you suddenly confused, affect your way of thinking and change your awareness. It can happen fast, so it's crucial to spot its signs quickly. What Are The Symptoms Of Delirium? The delirium symptoms influence different aspects of your well-being, impacting your mental clarity, emotional stability, physical movements, and even sleep patterns. Delirium symptoms may include: Difficulty to focus Losing track of time and place Mood swings Confusion Forgetting recent events Trouble speaking clearly or joining conversations Easily getting distracted Feeling anxious or paranoid Poor sleep or feeling sleepy Struggling with everyday tasks like eating or walking In cases where alcohol withdrawal progresses to delirium, additional delirium symptoms may emerge, including: Confusion Hallucinations Rapid heartbeat Excessive sweating Agitation Elevated blood pressure Dangerously high body temperature What Are The Types Of Delirium? Delirium types can be categorised into three main types which are based on the features and symptoms observed: Hyperactive Delirium: In hyperactive delirium, people are excessively excited, nervous, and experience a high motor activity. They may be seen agitated and constantly on the move or appear restless. Hyperactive delirium may also manifest as an aggressive behaviour, either verbally or physically. Despite the excitement, people may still feel confused and disoriented. Hypoactive Delirium: Hypoactive delirium is characterized by a state of reduced activity, lethargy and poor responsiveness. People with hypoactive delirium appear withdrawn, apathetic, or unusually quiet. They lie in bed or sit still for long periods with little interaction with their surroundings. Hypoactive delirium can be difficult to recognize because it can be confused with depression or simply attributed to aging. Hypoactive Delirium: Hypoactive delirium is identified by a state of reduced activity, lethargy and poor responsiveness. People with hypoactive delirium appear isolated, pathetic, or unusually quiet. They lie in bed or sit still for long periods with a minimum interaction with their surroundings. Hypoactive delirium can be difficult to recognize because it can be confused between depression or simply attributed to aging. Mixed Delirium: Mixed delirium results from a combination of hyperactivity and hypoactivity, with symptoms fluctuating between agitation and drowsiness. A person may transition themselves from a state of restlessness to reduced activity. Treatment of mixed delirium is particularly challenging due to the diversity in symptoms and a need for tailored interventions. It is important to note that people with delirium can transition from one type to another during their illness. In addition, some people may not fit neatly into a particular type, but may have a combination of characteristics from different types. What Causes Delirium? Delirium causes can be multiple as it is a complex condition that does not happen for a single condition. Delirium causes include: Medical conditions: Infections such as urinary tract infections and pneumonia can cause delirium. Other medical problems such as electrolyte imbalances, metabolic disorders, neurological problems, and respiratory problems can also cause delirium. Medications: Certain medications you take, like painkillers, sleep aids, psychiatric drugs, and those with sedative or psychoactive effects, can cause delirium. Substance Use or Withdrawal: Alcohol, drugs and certain medications can cause delirium, especially during intoxication or withdrawal. If you are experiencing an alcoholic withdrawal, it can escalate into a serious form of delirium known as Delirium Tremens Surgery or medical procedure: Delirium can occur as a complication of surgery or medical procedures and is often due to factors such as anaesthesia, postoperative pain, or changes in medication. Environmental Factors: Being in a hospital or unfamiliar environment, sensory deprivation and disturbed sleep patterns can lead to delirium, especially if you are vulnerable. Psychological Stress: Emotional stress, anxiety, and trauma can also cause delirium, especially if you have a pre-existing psychiatric condition. Underlying Cognitive Impairment: If you already have problems with your memory or thinking, such as dementia or Alzheimer's disease, you are more likely to develop delirium, and it can be worse when it happens. Dehydration and Malnutrition: Lack of adequate hydration and nutrition can affect your brain functions and increase the risk of delirium, especially if you are an older or have a chronic illness. Understanding these possible causes of delirium is important to identify and address any underlying problems that can help effectively control and treat the condition. Who’s At Risk For Delirium? Adults with multiple health conditions are more likely to develop delirium, but it can also occur in younger people. Factors that increase the risk of delirium include: Advanced age Cognitive impairment Chronic medical conditions Undergoing major surgeries Dehydration Sleep deprivation Sensory impairment How Is Delirium Diagnosed? To diagnose delirium, a health care professional will evaluate your medical history, they will perform a physical exam, and test your thinking skills. They will also observe your behaviour and mental state. What Tests Will Be Done To Diagnose This Condition? Although there is no specific test to diagnose delirium, a health care provider can perform a variety of tests to determine the underlying cause. These may include: Physical Exam:  Healthcare providers evaluate your overall health and look for physical signs of underlying conditions that could cause delirium. For example, they can check for signs of infection, such as fever or abnormal heart sounds that indicate heart problems.   Review of medical history:  They will review your medical history to identify any previous conditions or medications that may be contributing to delirium.   Observation of behaviour and symptoms:  They observe your behaviour and the symptoms you show to understand the extent of confusion and disorientation.   Blood tests:  Blood tests can help detect infections, metabolic disorders, or abnormalities that may be causing delirium.   Imaging studies:  A CT scan or MRI scan provides detailed images of the brain to detect structural abnormalities or signs of stroke that may contribute to delirium.   Electrolyte level assessments:  An electrolyte assessment involves measuring the levels of essential minerals in the blood, such as sodium, potassium, and calcium. Electrolyte imbalances can affect brain function and can contribute delirium.   How Is Delirium Treated? Delirium treatment aims to address underlying causes, manage the managing delirium symptoms, and provide supportive care. This mode of delirium treatment may involve discontinuing medications that cause delirium, treating infections, correcting metabolic imbalances, and ensuring that you stay in a calm and familiar environment. What’s The Outlook For Delirium? The outcome of delirium life expectancy depends on what causes it, how quickly it is diagnosed, and how well you have adapted to the mode of delirium therapy. If you get help quickly and receive the right treatment, you are likely to make a full recovery from delirium. But if left untreated, you can develop complications, so it's important to detect and treat it early. Conclusion Understanding the delirium symptoms, causes and treatment of delirium is critical for health care. By understanding this and using proven methods to manage it will allow us to provide better care for people who have this condition. At Metropolis  we  offer the convenience of in-house visits to collect blood tests, ensuring ease of access to our diagnostic services. For accurate results check out our diagnostic tests and read our blogs to learn more about staying healthy.  

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