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SGOT Test Overview
SGOT test stands for serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase test. It forms a part of tests usually done to assess liver health status. The test measures serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase enzyme levels, also known as aspartate aminotransferase enzyme or AST. It forms a part of the commonly known liver function test and is a test that detects any underlying liver damage or injury.
Summary Price Of Sgot Test
We are a trusted lab, offering Sgot Test with a transparent pricing structure.
The cost of Sgot Test in India varies as per the city in India.
The average price of Sgot Test ranges from ₹80 to ₹220.
The price for the test in the following cities is:
- Chennai: ₹180
- Delhi: ₹160
- Mumbai: ₹220
- Pune: ₹200
Contact Metropolis to book an appointment online.
Frequently Asked Questions
An SGOT test can be advised based on the symptoms and suspected disease by the treating doctor.
Some symptoms based on which clinicians advise an SGOT test are:
- Yellowish discolouration of skin and eyes or jaundice.
- Dark coloured urine
- Light coloured stools
- Itching all over the body
- Pain in the right upper abdomen
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
This test can also be advised to assess the health of the liver in case of any pre-existing liver disease:
- Hepatitis (B, C, etc.)
- Fatty liver disease
- Cirrhosis of liver
- Liver cancer
- Wilson's disease
Sometimes, certain other causes, like excessive alcohol intake and cholesterol-lowering drugs like statins, could also lead to an increase in SGOT levels.
The SGOT enzyme is present in abundance within your liver cells, and any damage to these cells due to underlying liver disease can lead to leakage of these enzymes into the blood, thus increasing their levels in the blood, which can be detected by the SGOT test. Other organs like the kidneys and the heart also produce SGOT, but in a relatively smaller quantity.
By knowing your SGOT levels in the blood, you can understand your liver's condition and the extent of damage the liver has undergone due to any existing liver disease. However, you need to be careful while interpreting the SGOT levels and establishing a correlation with liver disease because, as mentioned earlier, SGOT is also produced in many other organs like kidneys, heart, and brain as well apart from the liver. Any damage to these organs can also lead to an increase in SGOT levels in the blood.
It is important to know that SGOT or AST test is usually done along with another important test for assessing the levels of liver enzyme ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase). ALT is a more specific test for identifying a liver disease because, unlike AST, ALT is not produced by any other organ and is primarily produced in the liver.
- The site for blood withdrawal for the SGOT test is commonly a vein situated in your arm.
- The phlebotomist will ask you to sit comfortably on a chair with your arm bent at the elbow joint.
- An elastic band will be tightened around your arm, and the vein will be located.
- The puncture site will be sterilised, and a small needle attached to a tube will be inserted into the vein to collect your blood.
- You will feel slight pain at the time of inserting the needle and some pain at the same site after removing the needle.
What are The Precautions That Need to be Taken?
- Make sure that you drink enough water before the test.
- Avoid taking any medication before the test without the advice of a doctor.
- Do inform your doctor before the test about any medications you are taking so that they consider the same while assessing your results.
- Stay calm and relaxed during blood withdrawal. This will prevent your muscles from tightening and make the procedure less painful.
After The Test
Once the results arrive, your doctor should be able to tell you the actual status of your liver health. However, at times, the results of the SGOT test might not be sufficient for your doctor to draw a clear conclusion or arrive at a confirmed diagnosis. In that case, some additional tests could be advised. These could be
- Bilirubin level assessment.
- Assessing the coagulation factor(s) level through the coagulation panel. It will evaluate the function of clotting-factor proteins produced in the liver.
- Estimating the platelet count: A deranged platelet level could be because of underlying liver disease.
- Ultrasound of the liver.
The normal range of an SGOT test is between 8 and 45 units per litre. There might be slight differences in the normal range values between different laboratories, and the normal range for each will be mentioned depending on the technique used.
If the SGOT test results are higher than the upper limit of the normal range, it could mean that any one or more organs producing the SGOT enzyme are damaged. While it could very much be your liver, the possibility of your heart, kidney, or brain being diseased could not be ruled out unless other tests are performed.
Generally increased levels of AST and/ or ALT are seen with conditions like:
- Chronic Hepatitis
- Liver cancer
In certain conditions, the levels are very high
- Acute Hepatitis
- Damage to the liver due to toxins
Other conditions where AST levels could be raised without the involvement of Liver
- Myocardial Infarction
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