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Uric Acid Serum Test

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Uric Acid Test Overview

A uric acid test is a diagnostic test that measures the amounts of uric acid in the blood. A simple blood test is used to determine uric acid levels. The blood sample is collected from the vein on the inner side of the arm. 

It is often assessed in patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy. It is also used to determine the source of recurring kidney stones and to diagnose gout.

Uric acid test price varies by location. It can range from INR 70 to INR 500 in most cities.

Gout may result from uric acid crystals developing inside your joints as a result of hyperuricemia. You may be more susceptible to developing kidney stones if your uric acid level is high. Additionally, hyperuricemia can aggravate chronic renal disease if it already exists or raises the chance of its development.

Why is Uric Acid Serum Test Done?

This test is frequently used to identify gout in patients with chronic renal illness and as a follow-up examination. It is also examined in cancer patients and those taking cytotoxic medications.

A buildup of uric acid in the joints can result in gout, which can cause swelling in joints like the knee, ankles, toes, and fingers.

Written by: Dr Selvi Radhakrishnan, PhD in Biochemistry, Dept. of Biochemistry   

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Uric Acid Serum Test Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Uric Acid Serum Test with a clear pricing structure.

The Uric Acid Serum Test Price in Mumbai is ₹ 250 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you have gout symptoms, you may require a uric acid test. Some symptoms are given below:

  • Joint pain or swelling, particularly in the big toe, ankle, or knee.
  • Reddish-shiny skin around the joints.
  • Heated joints. 

This test may also be required if you experience symptoms of a kidney stone. Watch out for the following symptoms. 

  • Sharp pain in your abdomen.
  • Backache.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • An urge to urinate frequently.
  • Urinary discomfort.
  • Urine that is cloudy or smells terrible.
  • Vomiting and nausea.

Depending on your elevated uric acid levels and gout symptoms, your doctor can make a guess. It is also common to have elevated uric acid levels without experiencing gout symptoms. This is referred to as asymptomatic hyperuricemia.

This test determines the amount of uric acid in the blood or urine of a person. Uric acid is a natural waste product produced by the body when it breaks down chemicals called purines. 

The majority of uric acid dissolves in your blood and travels to your kidneys. It then exits the body via your urine. If the body produces too much uric acid or does not discharge enough into your urine, it can make crystals that form in your joint. 

This is referred to as gout, a type of arthritis that causes painful inflammation in and around the joints. High levels of uric acid can potentially lead to additional problems, such as kidney stones and renal failure.

The procedure for taking a blood sample for testing is known as venipuncture. Here are the steps:

  1. Your doctor will draw blood from a vein, most often from your inner elbow or the back of your hand.
  2. They begin by using an antiseptic to sterilize the area. They will then wrap an elastic band around your arm to allow blood to flow through the veins. Then they will insert a needle into your vein and draw blood. 
  3. Once the blood has been obtained, the healthcare provider will undo the plastic band and withdraw the syringe.
  4. Finally, they will apply pressure to the site of the puncture, and if required, bandage it.
  5. Once collected, the blood is delivered to a laboratory for testing.
Precautions

You must not eat or drink anything for 4 hours before the test. The following may affect your uric acid test result.

  • Alcohol Intake.
  • Certain medications, such as aspirin (Bufferin) and ibuprofen (Motrin IB).
  • High vitamin C levels.
  • Dyes used in the X-ray test.

Inform your doctor about any prescription, OTC medications, or supplements you're using.

Hyperuricemia is a condition where blood uric acid levels are greater than 6 mg per deciliter in women and greater than 7 mg per deciliter in men.

If your blood test results indicate high uric acid levels, it could mean either of the following. 

  • Your body is producing too much uric acid. 
  • Your kidneys aren't eliminating enough uric acid from your body. 

Several factors can cause high uric acid levels in the blood.

  • Diabetes.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Kidney disorder.
  • High purine diet.
  • Hypoparathyroidism.

Uric acid levels can vary based on gender. The normal value is 1.5 to 6.0 mg per deciliter for men and 2.5 to 7 mg per deciliter for women. The greater the number, the more basic your blood is. The smaller the number, the more acidic your blood is. However, the values may vary depending on the lab performing the tests.

Low uric acid levels are less prevalent than high levels and pose less of a health risk. Lower-than-normal uric acid levels could be caused by any of the following. Fanconi syndrome. HIV infection. HIV infection. Liver Disease. Low purine diet.

If uric acid levels are found to be more than the normal ranges, the person has hyperuricemia. It is also common to have high uric acid levels without experiencing gout symptoms. This is referred to as asymptomatic hyperuricemia. Similarly, uric acid levels that are lower than the healthy ranges indicate the person has hypouricemia.

Numerous renal and metabolic problems, such as renal failure, gout, leukaemia, psoriasis, hunger, or other wasting diseases are linked to high uric acid levels. Individuals receiving cytotoxic medicines, such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy may also have higher than normal uric acid levels.

Low uric acid levels might be a sign of liver illness, renal tubular absorption issues, and excessive gout medication

Purine, an aromatic compound that is needed for the production of nucleic acids in the body, breaks down into uric acid as a byproduct. The kidneys discharge uric acid in amounts of around two-thirds. A metabolic issue with purine synthesis or chronic kidney illness can cause a buildup of uric acid in the body. This can deposit in your joints in the form of needle-shaped crystals and lead to gout

Your doctor may prescribe this test to evaluate the following:

  • To determine and evaluate gout if you have symptoms such as stiffness, pain, swelling and redness in joints or are suffering from the condition
  • To observe people receiving radiation or chemotherapy as both procedures may lead to an increase in uric acid levels.
  • To evaluate renal health after an accident.
  • To find out the source if you have developed kidney stones
  • To evaluate renal diseases.
  • You typically will not have a uric acid blood work unless you have a symptom or issue that needs to be diagnosed. For instance, if your doctor is determining whether you have gout and you experience a painful, swollen, red joint, you could need this test. You might also require an examination if you suffer from kidney stones that are causing nausea, back discomfort, and blood in your urine. In that situation, a blood test for uric acid can assist identify the stone's most likely aetiology.

    Your doctor might advise this test for the following conditions -

  • Identify and assess gout.
  • Watch patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatments.
  • Evaluate kidney function following an accident.
  • Discover the origin of kidney stones.
  • Identify renal conditions.
  • A uric acid blood test is necessary if you have gout symptoms because it determines how much uric acid is present in your body. Gout symptoms are as follows:

  • swollen and stiff joints
  • pain in the affected joint
  • redness in the affected joint
  • hard lumps under the skin in the affected area
  • changes in mobility of the affected joint

You should do the test if you have gout symptoms.

Based on the test results and your symptoms, your doctor may recommend further testing to diagnose the root cause. These may include tests to detect kidney stones, such as urinalysis, blood tests and imaging scans that may include X-ray, ultrasonography, or CT scan.

A uric acid test does not require any prior test preparation. You may need to fast before getting your blood collected if certain other tests are being carried out at the same time.

Before taking the test, inform your doctor if you are taking any medications.

For men, blood uric acid concentrations typically range from 25 to 80 mg/L, while for women, concentrations typically range from 15 to 60 mg/L.

The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) recommends that if you have gout, your target level of uric acid should be less than 6.0 mg/dL.

Gout is a condition in which the improper metabolism of uric acid results deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints causing periods of severe pain, chalk-stone buildup, and arthritis, particularly in the joints of the feet.

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