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Hemoglobin (Hb) Test

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The Hemoglobin (Hb) Test measures the amount of hemoglobin, a protein within your red blood cells, responsible for carrying oxygen throughout your body. Doctors order this simple blood test to assess your overall health and identify potential underlying conditions. Low hemoglobin levels (anemia) can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. The Hb test helps diagnose anemia and pinpoint its cause, which could be due to iron deficiency, vitamin deficiencies, blood loss, or certain chronic illnesses. Conversely, very high hemoglobin levels, although less common, might warrant further investigation.

Written by: Dr Vishal Wadhwa, M.D, D.N.B Microbiology, Medical Affairs

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Hemoglobin (Hb) Test Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Hemoglobin (Hb) Test with a clear pricing structure.

The Hemoglobin (Hb) Test Price in Mumbai is ₹ 180 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

A hemoglobin test is usually done as a part of the routine health check-up. This test helps to find out if there are any problems with the level of hemoglobin in your blood, including:

  1. To track a medical condition. If we have anaemia or polycythemia vera, a doctor may order a hemoglobin test to monitor our health status and guide the treatment.
  2. To determine the cause of an illness. If we're feeling weak, exhausted, short of breath, or have dizziness, our doctor may recommend a hemoglobin test. These symptoms may show anaemia or polycythemia vera.
  3. To assess overall health. During a regular medical examination, the doctor may test hemoglobin levels as part of a complete blood count to monitor our overall health.

The hemoglobin test measures how much hemoglobin is in our blood. The amount of hemoglobin one has shows the health of our red blood cells. A healthcare provider can use the hemoglobin level to diagnose blood diseases and other issues.

The Hemoglobin (Hb) test is a quick and minimally invasive procedure. A healthcare professional will likely clean a small area on your arm with an antiseptic wipe. Then, they'll use a thin needle to draw a small amount of blood from your vein. You might feel a slight prick when the needle is inserted or removed. The entire process usually takes less than five minutes. After the blood is drawn, the sample is sent to a lab for analysis to determine your hemoglobin level.

Your doctor may recommend a hemoglobin test if you are experiencing:

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Pale skin
  • Irregular heartbeat and heart palpitations

There are many foods that can help to increase your hemoglobin levels. The most important thing is to make sure you are getting enough iron in your diet. Some good sources of iron include spinach, red meat, and fortified cereals. Eating foods high in vitamin C can help your body to absorb iron more effectively. Some good sources of vitamin C include citrus fruits, bell peppers, and broccoli.

  • Low Hemoglobin (Anemia): If your Hb is low, it indicates anemia. This can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Your doctor might order additional tests to pinpoint the cause, such as iron deficiency, vitamin deficiencies, blood loss, or certain chronic illnesses. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and could involve iron supplements, dietary changes, addressing blood loss sources, or managing chronic conditions.

  • High Hemoglobin: Very high Hb levels are less common but can occur due to dehydration, certain lung or heart problems, or even blood disorders. Your doctor will likely recommend further tests to determine the cause and may suggest treatment plans like increasing fluid intake, managing underlying conditions, or addressing blood disorders if necessary.

Remember, it's crucial to discuss your specific results with your doctor for a personalized evaluation and proper course of action.

A hemoglobin test does not need any added preparation. Sometimes, a hemoglobin test is performed with other blood tests that need us to fast for a specific period before the test.

The blood sample is taken from a vein in our arm, using a small needle. The healthcare provider will first swab the skin with alcohol. They'll wrap an elastic band over the upper arm. They will instruct us to create a fist. This will enable blood flow. They will then put a tiny needle into a vein. A blood sample will be taken.

For adults, the normal range for hemoglobin levels is 12 grammes per deciliter to 17.4 grammes per deciliter of blood. However, levels can differ depending on a person's age, race, and gender.

High hemoglobin levels should be taken seriously. It normally happens when the body needs more oxygen-carrying capability, which happens when you smoke or live at a high elevation area, your RBC production naturally increases to compensate for the lower oxygen supply.

A high hemoglobin can result in blood clots, heart attacks, and strokes. It could also be an indication of another problem, such as lung or heart disease. It is a dangerous long-term condition that can be fatal if not treated.

In general, a low hemoglobin count is defined as less than 13.2 grammes of hemoglobin per deciliter (132 grammes per litre) of blood for men and less than 11.6 grammes per deciliter (116 grammes per litre) for women.

Adults with severe anaemia may suffer issues affecting their hearts or lungs. You could develop tachycardia. It is an excessively fast heartbeat or heart failure. This occurs when the heart fails to pump enough blood throughout your body at adequate pressure.

If you have been identified with acute or chronic anaemia, you should know that it is treatable. Anaemia is treated with a variety of methods This includes blood transfusions to restore severely depleted red blood cells (RBCs) caused by blood loss. Anaemia is sometimes treated with vitamin replacement. This is to enable the body to produce its own RBCs.

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