Protein Electrophoresis Test in Khanna
Protein electrophoresis test measures the amount of globulins protein in the blood.
To help discover or monitor several disease conditions that can lead to protein loss in the body. Lower levels of albumin in the blood can point to problems with several organs such as liver, kidney etc. along with several disease conditions.
Your doctor may recommend the test for you if you are experiencing symptoms of a condition affecting the proteins in the blood serum. The symptoms are:
- Sudden weight loss
- Bone pain or recurrent fractures
- Frequent Excessive thirst
- Back pain
Proteins are crucial building blocks of all cells and tissues. They play a role in building various structures in our body, as well as carrying out many important processes for our body to function normally. Our blood and other body fluids contain several proteins that serve diverse functions, such as transport of nutrients, removal of toxins, control of metabolic processes such as digestion, and defence against external substances. Protein electrophoresis is a method for separating these proteins based on their size and electric charge. Since albumin is the most important and abundantly available protein in the body, it’s the most commonly measured protein in the blood, followed by globulin. It has various forms depending on the structure.
Reference Values Of Protein Electrophoresis Test
Albumin: 3.3-5.7 g/dL
a- 1: 0.1-0.4 g/dL
a- 2: 0.3-0.9 g/dL
b- 2: 0.7-1.5 g/dL
gamma: 0.5-1.4 g/dL
The normal Ranges aforementioned are just used as a reference. These ranges vary within different labs, and your lab may use a different range for normal Ranges. Your lab report generally mentions the normal Ranges used for that lab, mentioned against the Ranges estimated for your blood sample. Also, your doctor will calculate your results based on your health and other factors. This means even though if a Range doesn’t fall within the normal range, it may still be considered normal by your lab as would take into account some other factors impacting the Ranges.
High protein levels in blood can indicate following conditions. Some of the most common are shown here.
- High albumin: Dehydration
- High alpha-1 globulin: Infection; inflammation
- High alpha-2 globulin: Inflammation; kidney disease
- High beta globulin: Very high cholesterol; low iron (iron-deficiency anaemia)
- High gamma globulin: Irritation; infection; liver disorder; some forms of cancer
Low protein levels, albumin and globulin, may be caused by many conditions. Some of the most common are shown here.
- Low albumin: Poor nourishment; inflammation; liver disorder; kidney disease
- Low alpha-1 globulin: Severe inflammation; liver disorder
- Low alpha-2 globulin: Thyroid issues; liver disease
- Low beta globulin: Poor diet
- Low gamma globulin: Bad immunity
Find the most suitable checkup for you from our range of TruHealth Checkups
Metropolis has a team of 200 senior pathologists and over 2000 technicians delivering diagnostic solutions in the areas of routine, semi specialty and super specialty domains like Oncology, Neurology, Gynaecology, Nephrology and many more.
We offer a comprehensive range of 4000+ clinical laboratory tests and profiles, which are used for prediction, early detection, diagnostic screening, confirmation and/or monitoring of the disease.
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes our laboratory is accredited by the NABL (National Accreditation Board of Testing and Calibration of Laboratories) India & College of American Pathologists (CAP). This accreditation process is carried out every 2 years for NABL & annually for CAP with periodic internal audits carried out twice in a year. All our aforementioned tests are accredited by NABL & CAP.
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Additional Home Visit and Safety charges will be applicable for all test and Health packages.
We collect samples from home between 7 AM to 11 PM (in Mumbai) and 7 AM to 9 PM in other cities. we offer Blood collection service on Sunday’s as well.
Doctor’s prescription is not required if you avail any wellness package. For any illness test, prescription might be required.
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