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The Urine Routine Test: How it Works, Preparation, Tips and Results



You might have given a urine sample in a laboratory at least once in your life. Urine or pee is essential in eliminating the unnecessary substances produced during metabolic functions. It also regulates the balance of water in your body. Therefore, urine tests are required to diagnose diseases related to the metabolic and urinary systems.

So, how does a urine routine test work, and what do the results tell you?

What is The Urine Routine Test?

The urine routine test is analysed to diagnose various liver, kidney, and urinary tract diseases, etc. It is also used to monitor the progress of certain conditions. The urine test is performed to examine its odour, colour, and components. Your urine contains toxic components of food and medicine, which can tell a lot about your urinary and metabolic system.

The urine analysis is done as a part of a routine check-up or to analyse certain diseases like urinary tract infection (UTI), diabetes, and kidney or liver diseases in their early stages. It is also a part of pregnancy check-ups. Doctors also suggest taking routine urine tests before undergoing surgery.

How Does The Urine Routine Test Work?

The urine routine test is analysed in three ways, and your laboratory assistant may perform either or all of them.

  • Visual test: When your laboratory assistant examines the odour, colour, and clarity of the urine with the naked eye, it is called a visual test. The colour of the urine depends on its concentration and ranges from pale yellow to amber. Your urine might turn reddish or brown if it has traces of blood in it. It is also associated with kidney diseases. Likewise, cloudy urine indicates a urinary tract infection.
  • Microscopic test: Lab experts perform urine routine microscopy to examine substances in your urine. These substances are not visible to the naked eye; therefore, they must be analysed under a microscope. Some common substances found in urine are RBC, WBC, cells, mucus, bacteria, crystals, urinary casts, etc.
  • Rapid urine test: A rapid urine test is performed to find the chemical components present in the urine. For the test, a dipstick strip is dipped in the urine for some time. After a while, the strip changes its colour depending on the urine concentration. Then the lab technician compares the strip colour to the colour table to analyse the chemical values in the urine. The rapid urine test is used to analyse urine pH levels, protein, sugar, RBC, WBC, nitrites, blood etc.

How To Prepare For The Urine Routine Test?

The urine routine test is performed to assess your health concerns, so you can eat and drink normal food before the test unless otherwise instructed. Make sure you do not eat foods that can alter your urine colour, like beets or food dyes. Also, you should tell your doctor about your medications, vitamins, and supplements before the test.

Your lab assistant will give you a container to collect the urine sample in. Follow these easy steps to collect your urine without contaminating it.

  • Before peeing, wash your intimate area. It will ensure other bacteria do not contaminate your urine.
  • A clean midstream is used to get accurate results. So, start peeing in the toilet, stop midstream, and collect your urine in the container.
  • Hand over your sample to the lab assistant using proper hygiene practices.

Tips For An Easy Urine Routine Test

  • Before going for the urine routine test, ensure you have enough fluids and water in your body to pass the urine easily.
  • Keep your intimate area clean to ensure your urine is not infected.
  • Always use the clean midstream method to get a urine sample. Midstream urine is the best way to get accurate results and diagnosis.
  • Make sure you use a clean toilet to collect the urine sample, as you do not want it to be contaminated.
  • Always wash your hands before and after collecting the sample.
  • Follow hygiene practices to pass the container to the lab assistant.
  • Inform your doctor about your diet, supplements, and medication before performing the urine test.

How Do You Analyse The Urine Routine Test Results?

The urine analysis will tell you what is going on in your body. Your doctor will compare the values determined in the test with the normal range to diagnose abnormalities in the urinary system.

pH values, for example, aid in determining the risk of a urine stone or a urinary tract infection; protein levels aid in evaluating kidney inflammation; blood sugar levels aid in the diagnosis of diabetes; and so on.

The diagnosis depends on why you took the urine routine test. Depending on the result, your doctor will advise you to take further steps, like if you need any more tests, a change in medication, or a new treatment.

The Bottom Line

A urine routine test is easy to conduct but should be performed under professional guidance. It helps in understanding your metabolic and urinary function. Urine routine test price varies according to your requirements. You can easily book a urine routine test with Metropolis to get the best assistance in the comfort of your home.

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