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Ear Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment



What Exactly is an Ear Infection?

The official term for an ear infection is acute otitis media, which is a sudden infection of the middle ear. Although ear infections are among the most common conditions that send young children to the doctor, people of all ages can be affected.

Most ear infections resolve on their own. Your physician might recommend medication to ease your discomfort. Your doctor may recommend antibiotics if your ear infection persists or worsens. When a child under two has an ear infection, an antibiotic is usually necessary.

If you or your kid is still experiencing pain or discomfort after the ear infection has cleared up, you should see your doctor. Hearing loss and other catastrophic repercussions may result from recurring ear infections and fluid buildup behind the eardrum.

Who is Most Susceptible to Developing an Ear Infection (Medial Otitis)?

Aside from a cold, an ear infection is the most common illness among children. Children between the ages of three months and three years are most susceptible to ear infections, though they can develop the infection up to age eight. A quarter of all kids will experience recurrent ear infections. Even though adult ear infections are much less common than those in children, they are nonetheless possible.

The following are possible causes of ear infections:

Age: Ear infections are more common in young children and newborns (between the ages of 6 months and 2 years).

Family history: These Infections are Prone to run in Families.

Colds: Catching a cold frequently increases your risk of an ear infection.

Allergies: Allergies can cause the adenoids to grow by inflaming (swelling) the nasal cavity and upper respiratory tract. The Eustachian tube may become blocked by enlarged adenoids, blocking the drainage of ear fluids. This causes fluid to accumulate in the eustachian tube, which can result in pressure, discomfort and infection.

Chronic illnesses: Patients with immune deficiencies and long-term respiratory conditions like cystic fibrosis and asthma are particularly susceptible to developing ear infections.

Why Do Ears Get Infected? 

Bacteria and viruses are the main causes of ear infections. A cold or another respiratory infection is frequently followed by an ear infection. The Eustachian tube, which is present in each ear, allows bacteria or viruses to enter the middle ear. 

The base of the throat is connected to the middle ear through the tube. The bacteria or virus may cause the inside ear infection to worsen. The tube may get blocked as a result of the enlargement, preventing the usual production of fluids from being drained away and allowing them to accumulate in the middle ear.

The fact that children's Eustachian tubes are shorter and have less of a gradient than adults' does not help the situation. Due to their physical differences, these tubes are more likely to clog and are more challenging to drain. Pain might result from a viral or bacterial infection that traps the fluid.

What Signs Indicate an Ear Infection?

The following are the signs of an ear infection:

  • Earache: It is a symptom that older kids and adults will most likely experience. Look for indicators of pain in infants who are too young to communicate, such as rubbing or tugging at the ears, more frequent crying than normal, difficulty falling asleep or fussy/irritable behaviour.
  • Loss of appetite: Young children may be more susceptible to this, particularly while being fed by bottle. The youngster swallows, changing the pressure in their inner ear, which makes them more uncomfortable and less hungry.
  • Irritability: Any type of ongoing discomfort has the potential to make you irritable.
  • Discharge from the ear: Earwax-free yellow or white fluid may leak from the ear. This could indicate a punctured eardrum (broken).
  • Hearing difficulties: The middle ear bones are connected to the nerves that carry electrical signals to the brain in the form of sound. These electrical signals pass more slowly through all the inner ear bones as a result of fluid behind the eardrums.
  • Sleeplessness: Pain may intensify when the youngster is lying down due to an increase in ear pressure.
  • Pyrexia: Ear infections can raise your body temperature to as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit. About 50% of kids with ear infections also have a fever.

Treatment and Prevention

Age, the intensity of the infection and the type of infection all influence how an ear infection is treated. To treat the pain and fever in you or your kid, your doctor will prescribe you the medicines.

Medicines for Pain Relief

Your doctor could advise a fever-reducer that also helps with pain. Due to the risk of Reye's syndrome, an unusual illness that can induce inflammation in the brain or liver, aspirin should always be avoided in children. Using a heating pad with low heat can also help to lessen pain. When placing a heating pad on a youngster, be extremely careful.

Antibiotic Therapy

An ear infection treatment can be tracked by following all the directions if your doctor prescribes antibiotics. Regardless if either you or your kid is feeling better, take all the prescribed dosages. If you miss a dosage or become ill while taking the medication, notify your physician or pharmacist right once. If you don't complete the course, your illness could return and develop resistance to additional medications.

Natural Alternatives

To reduce your inside ear infection, you can take steps at home. However, first, discuss these suggestions with your doctor.

  • Warmth: A hot compress could make you feel more at ease.
  • Feedings: If you're giving your kid a bottle, stand up as you do it. Never put a baby to bed with one. As quickly as the doctor decides your child is ready, try to wean him/her off of it.
  • Gargling: Salt water may help cleanse the Eustachian tubes and soothe a scratchy throat in older kids or adults.
  • Stand upright: Holding your head upright can aid in middle ear drainage.
  • Clean air: Smokers should avoid smoking indoors or close to their youngsters.


Even though adult ear infections are less common than those in children, they are nevertheless possible. The danger of irreversible hearing loss and the possibility of the infection spreading to other parts of the head increases if an ear infection is left untreated for an extended period of time. However, fast and effective therapy can resolve the infection. Book Blood test at Metropolis Healthcare for the condition.

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