Prostate Specific Antigen Test in Hyderabad
Prostrate Specific Antigen Test is a screening test used To screen men for the risk of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is increasingly being diagnosed these days, and a frequent cause of death related to cancer. Early detection is very important for optimal treatment. To screen men for the risk of prostate cancer. If PSA is found to be above normal values it may indicate cancer of the prostate and having a need for a prostate biopsy, wherein a small part of the prostate tissue is taken out by the doctor, and observed under a microscope to check for any abnormalities or cancerous cells to confirm or rule out the diagnosis. However, high PSA levels do not always mean cancer. Also, it’s checked to monitor the effectiveness of anticancer drug treatment for prostate cancer, if PSA lowers during the treatment period it means that the treatment is effective.
The PSA test is ordered when the doctor suspects prostate cancer. The most common symptoms of prostate cancer are
- Frequent urination
- Weak urine flow
- Interrupted urine flow
- Difficulty or having to strain to empty the bladder.
- The urge to urinate frequently at night
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the seminal fluid
- New onset of erectile dysfunction
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced primarily by cells in the prostate, a small gland present in males, in between the bladder (organ for storing urine) and the penis (male genital organ). Most of the PSA that the prostate produces are released into this fluid, but small amounts of it are also released into the bloodstream. This test tells you how much PSA is present in the blood, and if present above normal values indicates further testing for prostate cancer.
Reference Values Of Prostate Specific Antigen Test
A normal PSA level is 4.0 nanograms per millilitre (ng/ml) of blood. For men with 50 years of age or younger, a PSA level should be below 2.5 in most cases. PSA levels are usually found in higher levels in elderly men than younger men.
PSA levels differs as per age and needs to be interpreted with age and symptoms presented.
If high levels are seen, there is a need to check further into this by conducting a prostate biopsy. If low or normal range is noted, prostate biopsy maybe unnecessary. Consult your doctor to know more about this.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Yes our laboratory is accredited by the NABL (National Accreditation Board of Testing and Calibration of Laboratories) India & College of American Pathologists (CAP). This accreditation process is carried out every 2 years for NABL & annually for CAP with periodic internal audits carried out twice in a year. All our aforementioned tests are accredited by NABL & CAP.
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Additional Home Visit and Safety charges will be applicable for all test and Health packages.
We collect samples from home between 7 AM to 11 PM (in Mumbai) and 7 AM to 9 PM in other cities. we offer Blood collection service on Sunday’s as well.
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