Bicarbonate Test (Total CO2 test) in Ahmedabad
The Bicarbonate is used to diagnose an electrolyte imbalance, or a pH imbalance otherwise called as acid-base imbalance. Bicarbonate test is ordered with other test as part of the electrolyte panel or metabolic panel.
Unexplained weakness and fatigue, prolonged nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and even difficulty breathing may be signs of an acid base imbalance.
This test may be ordered for a routine health check-up or part of an electrolyte panel to diagnose any underlying conditions. Typically, an electrolyte panel consists of other tests like sodium, chloride, and potassium. The most important reason why an electrolyte panel may be ordered is to check for an acid-base imbalance in the body. And this may happen if there are kidney diseases, liver disease, lung disorders and sometimes even with unchecked high blood pressure levels.
The body needs to maintain a healthy acid-base or a healthy pH. A healthy ph is achieved primarily by the function of kidneys and lungs. Sometime the pH imbalance is a respiratory problem due to the amount of oxygen coming in and Co2 going out. Sometimes the reason is metabolic because the kidney is unbale to remove acid from the body.
Bicarbonate is an electrolyte, a negatively charged ion that is used by the body to help maintain the body's acid-base (pH) balance. It also works with the other electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and chloride) to maintain electrical neutrality at the cellular level. This test measures the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the blood, which occurs mostly in the form of bicarbonate (HCO3-). The CO2 is mainly a by-product of various metabolic processes.
Reference Values Of Bicarbonate Test (Total CO2 test)
Your doctor will interpret your report in correlation with other tests and basis your clinical symptoms.
A high level of bicarbonate in your blood can be from metabolic alkalosis, a condition that causes a pH increase in tissue. Metabolic alkalosis may happen from a loss of acid from your body, such as through vomiting and dehydration. It may also be related to conditions including anorexia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
A low level of bicarbonate in your blood can cause a condition called metabolic acidosis, or too much acid in the body. A wide range of conditions, including diarrhoea, kidney disease, and liver failure can cause metabolic acidosis.
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