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Anemia Profile Test - Maxi

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Anemia Profile Test Overview

Decrease in hemoglobin level or number of red blood cells (RBC) leads to anaemia. This affect oxygen carrying capacity of blood to various tissues and organs. Commonest cause is nutritional deficiency of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid  
This can be due to either a lack of these substances in the diet, an increased loss that cannot be compensated by diet alone or an increased unmet demand during pregnancy and lactation.
Few of hereditary haemolytic anaemias include Hemoglobinopathies (Thalassemia's, Sickle cell anaemia etc.), enzyme deficiency disorders (G6PD deficiency).
Acquired Haemolytic Anaemias like Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemias, Microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia are also common in Indian Population.
Common symptoms of anaemia include difficulty in fatigue, weakness, tiredness, irritability, headache, shortness of breath.
Anaemia Profile-Maxi includes both basic & specialised tests to identify anaemia and  its cause

When a person's haemoglobin or red blood cells are below average, anaemia occurs. You will always feel worn out and weak if you have anaemia. There are various types of anaemia. The severity of the condition affects the symptoms. Anyone can experience mild or transient anaemia.

It can occur in people who routinely donate blood, during menstruation, or during pregnancy. Chronic renal illness, cancer, persistent inflammation, or significant blood loss from the stomach can all contribute to chronic anaemia. Anaemia is a potentially serious medical condition. It requires prompt treatment.

Anemia Profile is a blood diagnostic test. It evaluates the levels of key blood constituents. An iron shortage or a condition where the body is unable to create sufficient red blood cells to carry oxygen to every region of the body is the most typical cause of anaemia. Numerous medical disorders are brought on by this. These include weariness, wooziness, and insomnia.

The anaemia profile enables the detection of blood abnormalities and comprises the following -

  • Haemoglobin.
  • C-Reactive Protein.
  • The packed cell volume.
  • Total leukocyte count.
  • Platelet Count.
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
  • Undeveloped granulocytes.
  • The number of reticulocytes.
  • Mean Corpuscular Volume.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration.
  • Red cell distribution width.
  • Total Iron-Binding Capacity.
  • Folic acid.
  • Vitamin B12.

Who should do the Anemia Profile-Maxi?

The following individuals may benefit from an anaemia profile test -

  • Expectant mothers.
  • Women in menstruation.
  • Acute blood loss brought on by an operation or an injury.
  • Those who have endured a long-term illness.
  • Babies and young children because of a lack of iron-rich meals.
  • People with anaemia.

Written by: Dr. T Priya MBBS, DCP, MD Pathology

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Anemia Profile Test - Maxi Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Anemia Profile Test - Maxi with a clear pricing structure.

The Anemia Profile Test - Maxi Price in Mumbai is ₹ 8,060 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

Test is  done to diagnose anaemia and to identify its causes.
It is done in people who show signs and symptoms of anaemia , who do not respond to the treatment for anaemia , in patients with family history of a hereditary anaemia , in pregnant women , in patients with chronic diseases and chronic infections

Why is the Anemia Profile-Maxi done?

This test is conducted to determine the causes of anaemia and to diagnose it. It is carried out in individuals who exhibit anaemia's warning signs and symptoms like,

  • Extreme tiredness.
  • Light skin.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • An accelerated heartbeat.
  • Chest pain.
  • Headache, lightheadedness, or vertigo.
  • Chilly toes and fingers.
  • Inflammation of the tongue.
  • Broken nails.
  • Unusual desires for things like cold, dirt, or starch that are not food.

Other conditions that may entail this test include,

  1. Pregnancy.
  2. Chronic illnesses.
  3. Persistent infections.
  4. Non-response to anaemia treatment.
  5. Individuals with a history of anaemia in the family.

Profile includes the following group and individual test:
CBC tests for all Blood cells like RBC, WBC and Platelets , their count and morphology along with Hemoglobin level (Hb), RBC indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW) & PDW . 
Serum Iron measures presence of iron in blood. 
Serum transferrin measures iron transport protein transferrin.
TIBC measures Iron binding capacity to Transferrin and other proteins.
Transferrin saturation tells how much Transferrin is bound to iron.
Vitamin B12 test measures Vitamin B12 in serum.
Haemolytic Anaemias are diagnosed by tests like Haptoglobin , Osmotic Fragility , DCT, G6PD and abnormal hemoglobin studies (for hemoglobinopathies). 
Reticulocyte count is useful in monitoring treatment in anaemic patients and also to know the bone marrow activity. CRP , TSH and Creatinine are essential to diagnose anaemias due to Chronic Diseases and Infections.

This test requires a blood sample. A tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is then asked to make a fist. This helps in the build-up of blood filling the veins. The skin is disinfected before needle insertion and the blood sample is collected in vacutainer.

As per WHO , women with Hb < 12mg/dL & men with Hb <13mg/dL are considered anaemic. 
In Iron deficiency anaemia Hb , serum Iron, ferritin  levels, transferrin saturation are low and TIBC level is high.
In anaemia of chronic disease Hb, serum Iron, transferrin saturation ,TIBC are low with high ferritin. 
Other investigations like G6PD, Haptoglobin, Osmotic Fragility, DCT are abnormal in Haemolytic Anaemia. Abnormal Hb studies can detect Sickle cell & Thalassemia. 
CRP when high indicates Infection and Inflammation. 
Creatinine if increased  indicates abnormality in kidney function.

Men and women who have haemoglobin levels below 13 mg/dL are deemed anaemic by the WHO.

  1. Hb, serum iron, ferritin levels, and transferrin saturation are all low in iron deficiency anaemia, whereas TIBC values are high.
  2. Hb, serum Iron, transferrin saturation, and TIBC are all low with a high ferritin level in chronic anaemia.
  3. In hemolytic anaemia, other tests such as G6PD, haptoglobin, osmotic fragility, and DCT are abnormal. Sickle cell and thalassemia are both detectable by abnormal Hb tests.
  4. When CRP is elevated, infection and inflammation are indicated.
  5. Increased creatinine is a sign of impaired renal function.

Before the test, your doctor may advise you to adhere to the following precautions -

  1. 8-12 hours before the exam, you might be asked to fast.
  2. 48 hours before the test, avoid taking folic acid, vitamin B12, or iron supplements.
  3. 72 hours before the test, refrain from using biotin.
  4. Let your doctor know if you are using any drugs, herbs, or supplements.

Haemoglobin levels of 13.5-17.5 g/dL of blood in men and 12-15.5 g/dL in women are considered normal.

To diagnose iron deficiency anaemia, doctors may do a series of tests, monitoring different blood levels as well as indicators of other underlying conditions. These are,

  1. A complete blood work.
  2. Serum iron test.
  3. Ferritin test.
  4. Total iron binding.
  5. Peripheral smear.

Iron Deficiency Anemia, Macrocytic Anemia, Hemolytic Anemia, Pernicious Anemia, CBC, Reticulocyte Count, Iron, TIBC, Transferrin Saturation, Vitamin B12, CRP, Abnormal Hb Studies, Folate(Serum&RBC), Ferritin, G6PD, Haptoglobulin, Osmotic Fragility, DCT, TSH, Creatinine

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