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Microalbumin / Creatinine Ratio Urine Spot

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Microalbumin Creatinine Ratio Random Urine Test Overview

Albumin is a protein component that is important for cell repairing and system functions. Normally, the kidneys filter the blood and help remove the waste products through urine and retain the important components especially proteins such as albumin. When there is an impairment in kidney functions, albumin escape the blood and are excreted in the urine. Creatinine is a waste product normally found in the urine. Albumin levels tend to vary during the day and based on certain foods consumed. Hence, the microalbumin levels are compared to the creatinine levels and their ratio thus gives a better idea about the kidney function. 

The primary protein in the blood is albumin. Little filters stop big albumin molecules from exiting your body in urine when healthy kidneys remove waste from your blood. Only a very small amount of albumin—or none at all—will typically pass through the filters. However, if the kidneys are compromised, more albumin may enter your urine.

The typical waste product is creatinine. It is seen in the urine. It is a result of the daily stress your muscles endure. You can assess how much albumin and creatinine are present in your urine. You can do this using a microalbumin creatinine ratio test. This is a more precise method of determining the albumin concentration in your urine.

The amount of albumin that enters your urine over the course of a 24-hour period may typically be estimated by your doctor using the findings from a solitary urine sample.

Albumin is an essential protein for maintaining healthy cells and bodily processes. Typically, the kidneys filter your blood, assist in eliminating wastes through urine, and keep the vital elements, particularly proteins like albumin. Albumin escapes circulation. It is secreted in the urine when kidney functions are compromised. A waste substance called creatinine is typically detected in urine. The amount of albumin in the blood can change throughout the day. It may depend on the meals eaten. As a result, the ratio between the amounts of microalbumin and creatinine provides a better understanding of renal function.

Who should do the Microalbumin / Creatinine Ratio Urine Spot test?

They are typically carried out for diagnosis if you exhibit any indications of potential kidney damage. Changes in the way you urinate, puffiness, and inexplicable itching are a few symptoms that may indicate kidney trouble. A urinary albumin analysis and other renal function tests might be carried out under these circumstances.

Written by: Dr.Shibani R, Medical Writer, Medical Affairs

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Microalbumin / Creatinine Ratio Urine Spot Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Microalbumin / Creatinine Ratio Urine Spot with a clear pricing structure.

The Microalbumin / Creatinine Ratio Urine Spot Price in Mumbai is ₹ 660 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

Microalbumin creatinine ratio random urine test is done to assess how well the kidneys are functioning. It may be done:

  • In patients with type1 diabetes to see how well the kidneys are functioning. Usually advised to be done periodically few years post diagnosis.
  • In type 2 diabetics usually done once every year. 
  • In patients with high blood pressure which may affect the kidneys over time. 
  • The purpose of the test is to evaluate how effectively the kidneys are working. It can be used in the following ways -

  • Check the kidneys' efficiency in people with type 1 diabetes. It is usually recommended to be repeated a few years after diagnosis.
  • Usually performed once a year in those with type 2 diabetes.
  • In people who have high blood pressure. This may harm the kidneys over time.

Microalbumin creatinine ratio random urine test measures the level of 25 hydroxy vitamin D along with PTH, vitamin B12 ,calcium, and magnesium levels in the blood.

The test provides the urine's albumin to creatinine ratio. A microalbumin creatine ratio test could also be done to monitor your condition. It can also be done to assess how well your medication is working if you have recently been diagnosed with kidney disease, had abnormal albumin in urine tests, or both.

Microalbumin creatinine ratio random urine test is a blood test. During a blood test, a health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

Low levels of Vitamin D are associated with  osteoporosis, bone weakness and increased chance of fractures. Severe deficiency can lead to Rickets.
Very high levels are associated with nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, constipation, weakness. 
High level of PTH (Hyperparathyroidism) often occur as a response to low vitamin D levels, which may indicate parathyroid disorders or some bone disorder. Abnormal PTH levels may also occur due to chronic kidney disorders or certain lymphomas. 

High microalbumin/creatinine ratios (>=30) in urine are an indication that the kidneys are not functioning properly. Usually, long-term high blood pressure and diabetes are the causes of this. High amounts can also happen briefly as a result of some drugs, liver conditions, severe urinary tract infections, and blood in the urine. Microalbuminuria is referred to when the levels are between 30 and 299. Clinical albuminuria is referred to when the levels are greater than 300. Based on the levels, the doctor can suggest more testing to confirm the diagnosis.

If you have at least one of the following kidney disease risk factors, screening is advised -

  • Elevated blood pressure.
  • A history of chronic renal disease in the family.
  • Obesity.
  • Smoking cigarettes.

If you have diabetes, it is advised that you have urine albumin testing done; if you suffer from type 2 diabetes, this test may be performed annually.

Ask your doctor before the test what time and on what schedule your samples will be taken. Some clinicians might prefer to collect spot urine samples for albumin-to-creatinine ratio tests very early in the morning. To account for typical variations in creatinine output, they might try to arrange your repeat test at the same hour of the day as your first one.

Blood urea nitrogen and urine albumin tests are two additional tests that may be suggested in addition to a creatinine test, particularly if a patient has a known disease or dysfunction of the kidneys.

  • Albumin-Creatinine Ratio (ACR)
  • Urine Albumin-Creatinine Ratio (UACR)
  • Microalbumin-Creatinine Ratio
  • Proteinuria Test
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