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Albumin Serum Test

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Serum Albumin Test Overview

Albumin is a protein made by the liver and found in the plasma component of the blood. Albumin helps to circulate vitamins, hormones, and the enzymes through the blood stream. It plays an important role in preventing the fluid in the blood from leaking into the tissues. Albumin serum test is a blood test used to measure the level of albumin protein in the blood.


Various proteins are required to conduct bodily functions. One of the essential elements that circulate in the human blood is protein. It helps in the maintenance of body fluid. Among the proteins found in the blood, Albumin is one of those found in abundance in the blood plasma. Albumin is synthesized in the body in the liver and then transported through the body. It is essential for blood plasma. As part of your general health, an Albumin Serum test can be taken to know how well your kidneys and liver are working.

Through the bloodstream, albumin helps in the circulation of vitamins, enzymes, and hormones. It gives the body the protein required for continuous growth and repair of tissues. Albumin is also essential for the human body to function properly. This is because it keeps the fluid in the blood from leaking out of the blood vessels into the tissues.

Written by: Dr.Shibani R, Medical Writer, Medical Affairs

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Albumin Serum Test Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Albumin Serum Test with a clear pricing structure.

The Albumin Serum Test Price in Mumbai is ₹ 240 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

Serum albumin test is performed to assess nutritional status and any liver or kidney disease. 
It also indicates if the protein is being absorbed properly in the body. 

An albumin serum test is taken under the following conditions:

·         To understand the level of protein absorption

·         To examine the alteration from the normal level due to underproduction by the liver or non-absorption by the kidney.

·         To assess the presence of any kidney disease.

·         To ascertain if the patient is having any disease related to the liver.

·         To ascertain a healthy lifestyle in an individual and examine whether or not the person is well nourished.

·         To examine the patient in a panel or measurement for other tests, such as the liver panel and comprehensive metabolic panel

People with the following symptoms should do the Albumin Serum Test:

Liver-related symptoms:

·         Nausea

·         Weakness

·         Fatigue

·         Dark urine.

·         Oedema (swelling) in the abdominal area and legs

·         Bruises.

·         Unexplained weight loss.

·         Loss of appetite.

·         Stool changes, like pale-coloured stool.

·         Jaundice

Kidney related symptoms

·         Swelling in the hands

·         Blood in urine

·         Dry or itchy skin

·         Shortness of breath

·         Appetite loss.

·         Weakness

·         Muscle cramps

·         Vomiting and nausea

·         Trouble concentrating.

·         Nocturia or Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia).

·         Changes in urine to foamy, bloody, or dark

·         Swelling in the face, ankles or feet

·         Trouble sleeping

Serum albumin test measures the albumin protein level in the blood. 

The Albumin Serum Test measures the presence of the specific protein albumin protein level in the clear liquid part of the blood.

During serum albumin test The blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a  little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

It is a small test that may take less than five minutes at your health provider. A needle is inserted in the veins in your arm to draw a small amount of blood. The blood drawn is stored for examination by your healthcare provider in a vial or test tube. Some people may feel moderate pain as the needle enters and leave. Others only feel a sting or prick experience. There may remain some throbbing experience. In some cases, there may be a slight bruise in the area from which the blood is drawn. Both of these subside soon.

Low albumin levels may occur due:
decrease synthesis by liver, less protein intake, increased catabolism due to tissue damage, poor absorption, or abnormal excretion in urine due to kidney disease.
High albumin levels may occur due to severe dehydration and diarrhoea.

The albumin levels in themselves cannot be used to diagnose any medical condition. Rather, the test is accompanied by other examinations suggested by the healthcare provider to make a diagnosis. In case your results are suggested to be lower than the normal range, the condition may be a result of the decrease in the synthesis of albumin by the liver.

It also indicates conditions of less protein intake or poor absorption. The catabolism may have increased in the body due to tissue damage or abnormal excretion of albumin in the urine due to kidney disease is also a cause of low range in your test. On the other hand, high albumin levels signify the chances of severe dehydration and diarrhoea in the person taking the test.

Does kidney and liver disease affect albumin?

Yes, a low level of albumin can be a sign of liver or kidney disease.

What level of albumin is indicative of liver disease?

The albumin levels in patients with advanced liver disease may become less than 3.5 g/dl.

What level of albumin is indicative of kidney disease?

In case a patient has kidney disease, the albumin levels may increase above 30 mg/g.

What does albumin do in liver and kidney diseases?

In liver disease, albumin levels may decrease which can lead to difficulty in the transportation of essential body fluids, such as hormones. In kidney diseases, low levels of albumin may lead to problems in the repair of tissues and the maintenance of their growth.


A health provider may ask anyone showing indications of liver or kidney diseases to take the test.

The test should be done when the symptoms of problems affecting your kidney liver or kidneys are seen.

No special preparation is required for the test. If this test is prescribed by others, you may need to fast for a few hours leading to the test. In case there are any special conditions or medications your healthcare provider will inform you.

Albumin levels only help in identifying the problem. They are not sufficient to diagnose the conditions.

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