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Magnesium Serum Test

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Magnesium Test Overview

Magnesium is a form of electrolyte or mineral found in the body. It is responsible for efficient functioning of the muscles, nerves and other major systems. Magnesium also partly controls the blood pressure and the blood glucose levels. While most of the magnesium is stored in the bones and the tissues, a part of it is also present in the blood. Magnesium test thus measures the magnesium levels in the blood. Too low or too high magnesium levels may lead to serious health complications.

The Magnesium Serum test is a laboratory test. It measures the levels of magnesium in the blood. It is used to identify, track, and treat various conditions. These could be hypomagnesemia, hypermagnesemia, and renal dysfunction. The test can also be used to determine whether magnesium supplements are effective. The test results can help healthcare providers determine the best treatment plan for a patient.

What is magnesium and its role in the body?

Magnesium is a necessary mineral. It is crucial for many bodily processes. It aids in controlling the body's energy production, metabolism, and nerve and muscle function. Magnesium plays a role in the production of proteins, DNA, and other genetic material. It is also involved in the synthesis of enzymes. Enzymes are important for a variety of biochemical processes.

Magnesium is essential for the formation of bones and teeth. It is also important for the absorption of calcium and other minerals. Additionally, magnesium can help lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. It can regulate blood pressure. And finally, magnesium may help lower the risk of developing diabetes, depression, and other mental health conditions.

Who should do the magnesium serum test?

Individuals who have symptoms of magnesium deficiency such as:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Cramps
  • Tremors
  • Seizures
  • Abnormal heart rhythms

People who have medical conditions that affect magnesium levels in the body such as:

  • Kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Alcoholism

Individuals who are taking medications that can affect magnesium levels, such as:

  • Diuretics
  • Antibiotics

People who have symptoms of magnesium toxicity such as:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Low blood pressure
  • Irregular heartbeats

For people who are on regular dialysis should also have their magnesium levels checked regularly.

For pregnant women, as magnesium is important for the healthy development of the fetus.

Written by: Dr.Shibani R, Medical Writer, Medical Affairs

 

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Magnesium Serum Test Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Magnesium Serum Test with a clear pricing structure.

The Magnesium Serum Test Price in Mumbai is ₹ 590 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

The magnesium test is specifically done in certain cases of suspected deficiencies; symptoms include muscle cramps (twitching), irregular heart beats, confusion, and even seizures (in severe cases). It may also be ordered in cases of underlying health conditions like alcoholism, malabsorption and diabetes mellitus. Magnesium tests may also be indicated in cases of suspected toxicity like muscle weakness, difficulty breathing or cardiac abnormalities.

A magnesium serum test is done to:

  • Check for low levels of magnesium in the body (hypomagnesemia). These can be caused by certain medical conditions or medications. They can lead to symptoms such as muscle weakness, cramps, tremors, seizures, and abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Check for high levels of magnesium in the body (hypermagnesemia). These can also be caused by certain conditions or medications. These can lead to symptoms such as confusion, low blood pressure, and irregular heartbeats.
  • Monitor the treatment of conditions that affect magnesium levels in the body. These are kidney disease or malnutrition.
  • Check the magnesium level in patients who are on diuretic treatment, and those who are on dialysis. This is also done on those who have malabsorption, diabetes, and hypertension.
  • Check the magnesium level in pregnant women. This is because magnesium is important for the healthy development of the fetus.
  • Evaluate magnesium levels for patients who have symptoms related to magnesium deficiency. These can be muscle weakness, cramps, fatigue, mental confusion, etc.
  • Check for magnesium levels in patients who have symptoms of magnesium toxicity. These can be nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, and irregular heartbeats.

Magnesium test mainly measures the magnesium levels in the blood. It is often measured  along with other elctrolytes like sodium, potassium, calcium and chloride. 

The blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a  little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

Low magnesium levels indicate magnesium deficiency. The symptoms maybe muscle twitching, irregular heart beats, confusion, and even seizures( in severe cases). Low magnesium levels may also be a sign of preeclampsia, a serious blood pressure condition affecting pregnant women. Magnesium deficiencies are often treated with magnesium supplements along with a magnesium rich diet. 
High magnesium levels may occur due to Addison disease, certain kidney complications, severe dehydration or even due to certain medications. 

A magnesium serum test is a blood test. It measures the amount of magnesium in your blood. It is used to diagnose and monitor conditions related to magnesium levels in the body.
 

People who are at risk of having low or high levels of magnesium should get a magnesium serum test. This includes people with kidney disease, diabetes, heart disease, and alcoholism.

Electrolyte tests, renal function tests, and parathyroid hormone levels may be ordered along with the magnesium test.

A low magnesium level can indicate conditions such as malabsorption, malnutrition, chronic diarrhea, or certain medications. It can also indicate kidney disease or diabetes.
 

A high magnesium level can indicate conditions such as renal failure or overuse of antacids containing magnesium. It can also indicate kidney disease or diabetes.

There are no risks associated with having a magnesium serum test. The only risk is from having blood drawn. This is minimal.

The normal range for magnesium levels is 1.7 to 2.2 mg/dL (0.85 to 1.10 mmol/L).

Yes, magnesium levels can be affected by diet. Eating foods that are high in magnesium can help increase magnesium levels. These include nuts, legumes, and leafy green vegetables.

Yes, certain medications such as diuretics, antibiotics, and antacids can affect magnesium levels. It is important to talk to your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking before having a magnesium serum test.
 

A serum magnesium test measures the amount of magnesium in your blood, while a urine magnesium test measures the amount of magnesium in your urine.
 

  • Electrolyte tests (sodium, potassium, and chloride),
  • Renal function tests (BUN, creatinine)
  • Parathyroid hormone levels
  • Blood Magnesium Test
  • Magnesium Test
  • Mg Test
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