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Lactate Biochemical Plasma Test

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LDH Test Overview

Lactate is a biochemical compound that is produced in the body as a result of anaerobic respiration. It is formed when glucose is broken down in the absence of oxygen. Lactate is present in various tissues of the body, including muscles, red blood cells, and the brain. In the bloodstream, lactate is present in the form of lactic acid, which is quickly converted to lactate by the liver. The level of lactate in the blood, referred to as lactate plasma, is a marker of anaerobic metabolism and is often used as a measure of the body's ability to produce energy during exercise or in conditions where oxygen supply is limited. Increased lactate levels in the blood, known as hyperlactatemia, can occur as a result of various conditions, including hypoxia (low oxygen levels), sepsis, shock, heart failure, liver disease, and certain medications. In some cases, hyperlactatemia can be a sign of a medical emergency and requires prompt treatment.

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Lactate Biochemical Plasma Test Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Lactate Biochemical Plasma Test with a clear pricing structure.

The Lactate Biochemical Plasma Test Price in Mumbai is ₹ 1,350 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

The lactate biochemical plasma test measures the level of lactate in the blood, which is a byproduct of glucose metabolism that is produced when there is not enough oxygen available to the cells to support aerobic metabolism.

The Lactate Biochemical Plasma Test is performed to:

  1. Measure the level of lactate in the blood, which is a byproduct of glucose metabolism in the body.
  2. Diagnose and monitor conditions such as lactic acidosis, which occurs when the body produces too much lactate, or in cases of sepsis, shock, or heart failure.
  3. Evaluate the severity of certain medical conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, diabetes, or cancer.
  4. Assess the effectiveness of treatment for conditions such as lactic acidosis or heart failure.
  5. Help monitor the response to exercise in athletes, especially endurance athletes.
  6. Monitor critically ill patients in the ICU, as high levels of lactate can indicate organ dysfunction and poor prognosis.
  7. Detect early stages of sepsis or other life-threatening conditions that affect the body's ability to produce energy.
  8. Monitor blood glucose levels in people with diabetes, as high levels of lactate can interfere with glucose metabolism.
  9. Evaluate the risk of complications during surgery or anesthesia, especially in patients with pre-existing medical conditions.
  10. Screen for inborn errors of metabolism, which affect the body's ability to process certain substances, including lactate.

Here are some of the symptoms and medical conditions that may require a lactate biochemical plasma test:

  1. Sepsis: Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body's response to an infection damages its own tissues and organs. Symptoms of sepsis include fever, chills, rapid breathing, rapid heart rate, confusion, and low blood pressure.
  2. Shock: Shock is a medical emergency that occurs when the body doesn't get enough blood flow to its organs and tissues. Symptoms of shock include rapid breathing, rapid heart rate, pale skin, sweating, confusion, and low blood pressure.
  3. Liver disease: Liver disease can cause an increase in lactate levels in the blood. Symptoms of liver disease include jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and swelling of the legs and ankles.
  4. Heart disease: Heart disease can cause an increase in lactate levels in the blood, especially during a heart attack. Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and irregular heartbeat.
  5. Lung disease: Lung disease can cause an increase in lactate levels in the blood, especially during an acute exacerbation. Symptoms of lung disease include cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, and chest pain.

An abnormal lactate biochemical plasma test result may indicate a variety of conditions, including:

  1. Hypoxia: This occurs when there is not enough oxygen available to the body's tissues. It can be caused by a range of conditions, including lung diseases, heart failure, and anemia.
  2. Sepsis: This is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when the body's immune system responds to an infection by releasing chemicals that can cause inflammation throughout the body.
  3. Liver disease: Lactate levels may be elevated in people with liver disease, such as cirrhosis or hepatitis.
  4. Kidney failure: The kidneys play a key role in regulating lactate levels in the body. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, lactate levels may be elevated.
  5. Cancer: Elevated lactate levels may be a sign of cancer, particularly in people with advanced stages of the disease.

The test involves drawing a small amount of blood from a vein in your arm. A healthcare professional will clean the area with an antiseptic, wrap an elastic band around your upper arm to make the veins more visible, and insert a needle into a vein to collect the blood sample. You may feel a brief prick or stinging sensation when the needle is inserted, but the procedure is generally painless.

Patient should be fasting and at complete rest .Separate within 15 minutes. If testing cannot be performed immediately refrigerate. However, it is recommended that you consult with your healthcare provider before taking the test, as they may have specific instructions or recommendations based on your individual medical history and current health status.

  1. Blood gases: Blood gases are often ordered alongside lactate testing to assess a person's respiratory and metabolic status.
  2. Complete Blood Count (CBC): A CBC can detect anemia, infection, and other blood disorders.
  3. Electrolyte panel: Electrolyte imbalances can have serious health consequences, and measuring electrolytes is especially important if a person has kidney or heart disease.
  4. Liver function tests: Elevated lactate levels can indicate liver damage or disease, so liver function tests are often ordered alongside lactate testing.
  5. Kidney function tests: Elevated lactate levels can indicate kidney damage or disease, so kidney function tests are often ordered alongside lactate testing.
  6. Coagulation tests: Elevated lactate levels can indicate problems with blood flow or clotting, so coagulation tests may be ordered alongside lactate testing.
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