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Microcytic Hypochromic Anaemia Test

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Overview

This profile includes CBC, Iron studies, StFR, Ferritin.

Microcytic anemia is a type of anemia characterized by the presence of small red blood cells (RBCs), which are called microcytes. The term "microcytic" refers to the size of the RBCs, which are smaller than normal. Hypochromic refers to the color of the RBCs, which are paler than normal.

 

A microcytic hypochromic anemia profile typically includes a complete blood count (CBC) test, as well as tests to measure the levels of iron, ferritin, and transferrin in the blood.

 

Iron-deficiency anemia is a common cause of microcytic hypochromic anemia. When iron levels are low, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin, a protein in RBCs that carries oxygen to the body's tissues. This results in less oxygen getting to the body's cells, which can cause fatigue, weakness, and other symptoms. Other common causes include genetic disorder such as Thalassemia, chronic disease, inflammatory conditions, and chronic bleeding.

 

If the tests reveal a Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia, a medical professional will typically recommend further investigation to determine the underlying cause. Treatment will depend on the cause, but may include iron supplements, medications to stop bleeding and/or bone marrow examination.

Associated Tests:

A0442    Anaemia Profile-Mini

A0441    Anaemia Profile-Maxi

A0440    Anaemia Profile-Haemolytic Type

A0585    Anaemia Profile - Macrocytic

A0586    Anaemia Profile - Microcytic Hypochromic

A0443    Anaemia Profile-Nutritional

A0444    Anaemia Profile-Pernicious

A0587    Anaemia Workup Profile

Written by : Supriya Kulkarni, Lead-Content & Training

 

Reviewed by :  Dr. Alap Christry M.D. AVP-Lab Operations & Scientific Business Head-Clinical Chemistry

 

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Microcytic Hypochromic Anaemia Test Price

Metropolis Healthcare is a leading diagnostics centre and pathology lab in India equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technologies that provides the Microcytic Hypochromic Anaemia Test with a clear pricing structure.

The Microcytic Hypochromic Anaemia Test Price in Mumbai is ₹ 1,975 .

We are committed to deliver accurate and quality results from the best labs in India with complete transparency regarding test cost and turnaround time. No matter where you are, we strive to offer patients high-quality service that is affordable and accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions

To rule out Anemia due to deficiency of Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid.

This profile is for individuals to find out Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid deficiency anemias.

This profile can rule out Anemia due to deficiency of Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid. This profile includes CBC, Iron studies, StFR, Ferritin.

  • The microcytic hypochromic anemia profile is typically done to diagnose and evaluate a specific type of anemia called microcytic hypochromic anemia.
  • The microcytic hypochromic anemia profile is done to determine the underlying cause of the anemia and to guide treatment. Microcytic hypochromic anemia is often caused by iron-deficiency anemia, which is the most common type of anemia worldwide. The test will identify if there is a deficiency of Iron, Ferritin, Transferrin and TIBC (Total Iron binding capacity). Iron-deficiency anemia can be caused by a variety of factors, including a diet that is low in iron, bleeding (such as from heavy menstrual periods or ulcers), or conditions that affect the body's ability to absorb iron (such as celiac disease or inflammatory bowel disease).
  • Additionally, Microcytic hypochromic anemia can also be caused by other underlying conditions such as blood loss, chronic disease, Thalassemia, or chronic inflammation.

 

The profile can aid in determining the underlying cause and can help to guide treatment and management. Medical professionals use this information to make decisions on the next course of treatment, which may include dietary changes, iron supplements, other medications, or referral for further testing.

 

You should get the Microcytic Hypochromic anemia profile done if you observe the following symptoms:

  • Appetite loss or weight loss
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Brittle nails
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Breathlessness
  • Pale skin, lips and eyes
  • Inability to focus or confusion
  • Loss of memory
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness

Anaemia - Microcytic Hypochromic Profile includes the following group and individual test:

  • CBC tests for all Blood cells like RBC, WBC and Platelets, their count and morphology along with Hemoglobin level (Hb), RBC indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW) & PDW.
  • Iron studies (Iron, TIBC, UIBC, Transferrin saturation %)
  • Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR)
  • Ferritin

This test requires a blood sample. A tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is then asked to make a fist. This helps in the build-up of blood filling the veins. The skin is disinfected before needle insertion and the blood sample is collected in vacutainer.

  • A positive result on a complete blood count (CBC) test for microcytic anemia, would indicate that the number of red blood cells (RBCs) is decreased and the size of the RBCs is smaller than normal, and the hemoglobin (Hb) concentration is lower than the reference range.
  • Iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC) are all tests that measure the levels of iron in the blood. A positive result for these tests would indicate that the levels of iron in the blood are low. A low iron level is indicative of iron-deficiency anemia.
  • Transferrin saturation % and Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) are tests that measure the transferrin, a protein that binds and transports iron in the blood. Transferrin saturation % is the ratio of the amount of iron bound to transferrin versus the total amount of iron-binding capacity of the transferrin, A low transferrin saturation % or high sTfR level may indicate iron-deficiency anemia.
  • Ferritin, is a test that measures the amount of iron stored in the body, a low ferritin level, typically below 12 ng/mL, indicates an iron deficiency.

A combination of low hemoglobin, low iron levels, low transferrin saturation and low ferritin along with small RBCs and pale RBCs, indicates Microcytic hypochromic anemia, which is most commonly caused by iron-deficiency anemia. This result can also occur in other causes of anemia such as thalassemia and anemia of chronic disease, and it is important to consult a medical professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. The professional may recommend additional tests to determine the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment.

 

 

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