Menopause occurs when a woman hasn’t menstruated in 12 consecutive months and can no longer become pregnant naturally. It usually begins between the ages of 45 and 55, but can develop before or after this age range.
Menopause can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as hot flashes, weight gain, Vaginal dryness and pain with intercourse, Insomnia or problems sleeping, Frequent urination or urinary incontinence, Depression and mood swings, Skin, hair, and other tissue changes etc. Perimenopause often occurs before menopause. Perimenopause is a time when hormones begin to change in preparation for menopause. It can last anywhere from a few months to several years. Many women begin perimenopause some point after their mid-40s.
During perimenopause, menstrual periods become irregular. Periods may be late, or may completely skip one or more periods. Menstrual flow may also become heavier or lighter. Menopause is defined as a lack of menstruation for one full year. Post menopause refers to the years after menopause has occurred.