losing weight fast healthy Metropolis Healthcare

It is natural and alluring for an individual to lose excess weight in the shortest time possible. However, rapid weight loss has been associated with multiple adverse effects and its beneficial effects are incomparable in contrast to slow weight loss.

Evidence suggests that greater reduction of waist circumference, hip circumference, and fat mass are seen in persons who shed their weight slowly whereas the person who reduces weight rapidly shows a significant reduction of water content and lean tissue of the body.

The main concern with losing weight rapidly is that it takes extraordinary efforts in diet and exercise that could be unhealthy and cannot be maintained as permanent lifestyle changes. The usual recommendation of healthy weight loss suggests a weight loss of one to two pounds a week. One pound or 0.45 kilogram of body fat might contain around 3,500 calories.1 So to lose one pound a week, you roughly need to burn 500 more calories than you eat each day.

Planning to start your weight loss journey? The first step should be to get your health analysis done to know what might be causing you to put on weight. Book here

Although this approach has a slow pace, it is more likely to help an individual to maintain weight loss for the long term. Healthy weight loss does not just include a diet or weight loss program, it is about lifestyle modifications consisting of long-term changes in daily eating and exercise habits.

Here are few health risks related to rapid weight loss:

  1. Nutritional deficiencies

Extreme calorie restriction can cause nutritional deficiencies as it can be hard to get adequate essential nutrients like iron, folate, and vitamin B12 on a low-calorie diet. This malnutrition can have several consequences including anemia, hair loss, brittle nail, decreased energy, fatigue, weakened immune system which in turn, increases the risk of infections, etc.

Nutritional deficiencies can be avoided by consuming a diet rich in whole, unprocessed foods that contain fewer calories and are also quite filling, which may ultimately help you lose weight.

Following a strict diet to lose weight? Keep an eye on your iron and vitamin B12 numbers. 

  1. Loss of muscle mass

Losing weight does not necessarily mean losing fat. It has been reported that calorie-restrictive diets may cause the body to break down the muscle for energy and fuel instead of adipose tissues.

This has been validated by a study that included two groups; one had 25 people who were administered a very low-calorie diet of 500 calories per day for 5 weeks and another group consisted of 22 people who were fed a low-calorie diet of 1,250 calories per day for 12 weeks. The results of this study concluded that both groups had lost comparable amounts of weight, but, the people who were put on a very low-calorie diet lost six times the muscle mass than those on the low-calorie diet.2

Additionally, loss of muscle mass also results in lowering of metabolism as muscle is more metabolically active in contrast to fat.

  1. Lowering of metabolism

Rapid loss of weight caused due to extreme caloric restriction may slow down your metabolism. Your metabolism measures the number of calories you burn each day and a slower metabolism results in the burning of fewer calories per day. There is substantial evidence suggesting that losing weight fast achieved by eating fewer calories may cause you to burn up to 23% fewer calories per day.3

The two underlying causes responsible for the lowering of metabolism are a very low-calorie diet leading to loss of muscle, and a fall in hormones that regulates metabolism, such as thyroid hormone.

Moreover, in conditions where your body goes into starvation mode, the metabolism gets slow down to help you conserve energy and your body will try to conserve more fat. This drop in metabolism even can last long after you finish calorie restriction.

  1. Onset of dehydration

The weight loss seems to be faster in the first two weeks due to significant loss of water weight. This is more common in individuals on low-carb or no-carb diets. This is also considered to be one of the chief reasons that cause remarkable quick weight loss in some popular diet patterns.

Nevertheless, rapid water loss can result in dehydration and other side effects such as constipation, headache, muscle cramps, and low energy.

  1. Psychological effects

Researches revealed that losing weight very quickly can also cause psychological consequences. Mental health may suffer if an individual does not accept his new body shape and weight.

Moreover, leptin, a hormone regulating hunger and satiety becomes imbalanced in a person who is on a low-calorie diet. Usually, when leptin levels are normal, it signals your brain when your body has adequate fat, and you are full. However, in imbalanced concentrations, leptin can lead to obsession with the food, which can make you hungry, resulting in binge eating, which can ultimately add more fat.

Apart from these, other quick weight loss in an unhealthy way can give you electrolyte imbalances, headaches, irritability, fatigue, constipation, and even hair loss.

Try to avoid being drawn to the false appeal of advertisements promising fast weight loss, seeking professional help from an expert doctor and dietician can help you lose weight efficiently and safely.

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common womens health issues Metropolis Labs

Although women and men share several similar chronic health problems, women have their own unique health issues, which deserve special consideration. Due to the chaos of a woman’s daily life, healthy living may take a back seat. It is vital that every woman has access to knowledge about the spectrum of women’s health conditions, not only about her reproductive system, but related to all aspects of her body. Their awareness can promote healthy lifestyle practices, which in turn are the best way to avoid disease, prolong life, and improve quality of life.

Here are six common health issues that affect millions of women each year

  • Menstruation problems

It is very common for women to have issues with periods, including heavy, scant, missed or irregular periods. Period cramps remain to be another health issue among women.
In general, heavy menstrual bleeding is the menstrual blood loss of more than 80 ml or periods lasting more than seven days. It has been estimated that about 9 to 14 out of 100 women get heavy periods.1 Heavy menstruation problems can interfere with daily life and even result in iron deficiency anaemia in severe cases. Talk to your doctor, if you have heavy menstrual bleeding to rule out the underlying cause.

Another problem women faces with periods is pre-menstruation syndrome (PMS), which affects 47.8% of reproductive age women worldwide.2 The common symptoms of PMS include changes in appetite, weight gain, abdominal pain, back pain, headache, swelling of the breasts, nausea, constipation, anxiety, mood swings, etc. These symptoms occur within a few days of the start of menstruation.

Besides the above mentioned issues, a rising concern of today’s woman is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a common metabolic and endocrine disorder of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. This disorder is getting prevalent in India that accounts to 3.7 to 22.5% of females.3 Women affected with PCOS are at increased risk of obesity, type II diabetes mellitus, heart disease, infertility, and acne.

Book a full body test and be assured of your health.

  • Fertility issues

Latest report revealed that the fertility rate of Indians has come down by more than 50% from 4.97 to 2.3, it will be further reduced to 2.1 during 2025 to 30, and 1.86 from 2045 to 50 and 1.78 from 2095 to 100. Currently, the infertility rate is 10 to 14% which is higher in urban areas where 1 out of 6 couples is affected.4

Various causes responsible for infertility in women are PCOS, contraception complications, abortion infections, STDs, post-partum infections, pelvic inflammatory diseases, etc. Lifestyle problems such as smoking, alcohol, consuming processed food, physical and emotional stress can also play a significant role in infertility.

The problem of infertility can be treated with the help of an expert depending on the underlying cause. There are certain hormone tests, such as FSH test, that your doctor might suggest to get a sneak peek into your condition.

  • Thyroid problems

Thyroid disease is twice as prevalent in women as in men and is common among women of child-bearing age (18-35 years).5 Women generally have hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels), in which the metabolism slows down. Symptoms include weight gain, feeling sluggish and tired, etc. On the other side, high thyroid levels can also cause early onset of menopause, before 40 years or in the early 40s.

Besides, pregnancy can raise the level of thyroid hormones in the blood and almost 5% to 10% of women suffer from postpartum thyroiditis, which occurs within 1 year after giving birth.6

Get your thyroid hormones tested and stay in the know. 

  • Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the second important cause of cancer deaths among women. The latest global figures show that around half a million women die from breast cancer each year.8 Various risk factors involved are increasing age, family history, early onset of periods or menopause after 55 years, obesity, etc. Keep yourself educated regarding breast cancer self-examination.

Breast cancer is the second important cause of cancer deaths among women. The latest global figures show that around half a million women die from breast cancer each year.8 Various risk factors involved are increasing age, family history, early onset of periods or menopause after 55 years, obesity, etc. Keep yourself educated regarding breast cancer self-examination.

  • Sexual health and bladder issues

Women should be concerned about their sexual as well as bladder health as they rapidly get affected by both sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and urinary tract infections. It has been observed that the effect of a STD is more severe on women than on men. Although STDs often go untreated in women as symptoms are less noticeable or have higher chances of getting misdiagnosed with another condition, they have serious implications such as infertility in women.

Apart from sexual health, women should take care of their personal hygiene. Women have a shorter urethra, which enables the bacteria to travel a smaller distance before they reach to the bladder and start an infection. Hence, urinary tract problems, including infections and incontinence, are more common in women. It is advisable to not hesitate and talk to your healthcare professional.

  • Depression

Emerging evidence suggests that women are more prone to experience anxiety, and depression in contrast to men. According to WHO, depression is the most common mental health problem for women and suicide a leading cause of death for women under 60.7

Depression can last for more than a couple of weeks and interferes with your daily life. Hormonal fluctuations can trigger the condition, especially after pregnancy or around menopause. Other risk factors include family history, marital problems, chronic illness, stressful life event, physical or sexual abuse, etc. Although the majority of people need treatment, few measures such as exercise, spending time with people you trust can also help.

Taking care of your health and your body is of highest importance. Aim to keep a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet, get plenty of exercise, practice stress management, and see your doctor regularly.

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Hba1c blood test

HbA1c test: Gold standard test for diabetes

HbA1c test stands for glycated or glycosylated hemoglobin test. This test helps measure average blood sugar levels for the past 3 months. This test is essential for every person who has diabetes. Other names of this test are glycohemoglobin test, A1c test, or simply A1c.

Hemoglobin is the protein in the red blood cells that help in transportation of oxygen across the body. Sugar (or glucose) present in the blood combines with one type of hemoglobin (hemoglobin A), this combination molecule is called glycated hemoglobin. A red blood cell lives up to 120 days, or 4 months. Hence, measuring this combination molecule gives a fair estimate of your blood sugar levels in the last 2-3 months.         

Keep your diabetes in check with an HbA1c test.

Importance of HbA1c Test

Do you regularly measure your fasting and after meal blood sugar to keep a check on your diabetes? Think that is enough? Not actually! Though the fasting and post meal tracking of blood glucose is important, these tests can only check your blood sugar at a certain point of time. Their results might vary depending on what you had eaten over the last night or in the previous meal. However, the HbA1c test looks at the 3-month data and cannot be biased.

For persons having diabetes, HbA1c numbers give a fair idea of how controlled their diabetes is. As per scientific evidence, having a smaller HbA1c number means lesser risk of developing complications due to diabetes. Raised HbA1c value has also been regarded as an independent risk factor for heart disease and stroke in people with or without diabetes.    

Why is the HbA1c test done?

The HbA1c test is used for diagnosis as well as monitoring purposes. Your doctor suggests an HbA1c test to see whether your diabetes is controlled or not. Pre-diabetics, people having borderline diabetes, are also advised to get tested to check how stable their blood sugar levels are.

Frequency of getting tested
In general, people having diabetes and pre-diabetes should get their HbA1c tested every 3 months. If you are healthy but have a family history of diabetes or think your lifestyle makes you prone to develop diabetes, you should get an HbA1c test done every 6 months. You can consult a doctor on how frequently you should take a test for your health condition.

HbA1c Results
The results of the A1c test are presented as a percentage. The test result shows the amount of hemoglobin that glucose has bound to in your blood.

For diagnostic purposes, the test results may be as follows:

  • Normal/ Healthy: Below 5.7%
  • Pre-diabetes: 5.7–6.4%
  • Diabetes: 6.5% or more

There are certain factors and some medical conditions that can change the HbA1c result slightly and even lead to a higher reading. Some conditions that can cause a false A1c number include:

  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Recent blood loss or transfusion
  • Low iron levels
  • Certain blood-related conditions

Your doctor is the best guide to analyse the results.

 HbA1c Target levels
A healthy person who does not have diabetes should target for an HbA1c score below 5.7 percent.

If a person has an HbA1c score of 6.5 percent or higher, it’s likely that he /she has diabetes. During treatment for diabetes, different people will have different targets, based on factors such as their age and medicines they are taking. In general, diabetics might be asked to keep their HbA1c result below 7 percent. Older adults having diabetes and diabetics who might also be at risk of low sugar levels (hypoglycemia), can be recommended an HbA1c number of around 8%.   

Test preparation for HbA1c

Unlike fasting or post meal blood sugar tests, no special preparation is needed for an HbA1c test. You do not need to fast. You can give a test sample at any time of the day. Also, do not miss your medicines on the day of getting tested. 

COVID-19 and HbA1c
The entire pandemic situation has made managing diabetes well more important than ever for people having diabetes. HbA1c gives you a sneak peek into how well your blood glucose has been doing over the past 2-3 months. Look for trusted labs and safe services when you have to take an HbA1c test. Have to get tested and not sure where to get it done? Book an HbA1c test online and get tested within the comfort of your home.

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Chronic health issues

Knowing what is right and what is wrong for your body isn’t always easy. Knowing where you stand today in terms of health, nutrition, lifestyle, stress management, mental health, etc. becomes important due to the kind of lifestyle we have created for ourselves.

Many health problems arise when you follow an unhealthy lifestyle, suffering from malnourishment and if/are addicted to smoking and drinking.

Factors that usually attract health problems are –

  • Stress
  • Unhealthy food
  • Lack of physical activity, sedentary lifestyle
  • Depression, anxiety – negligence towards mental health
  • Irregular sleep schedule, lack of adequate sleep
  • Incessant alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • Consumption of drugs


Males have apple shaped body, so they are more prone for fat deposition in their abdomen region. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of disease condition which arises due to central obesity. Obesity kills more people in this world than any other disease. Unhealthy food eating habits leads to obesity. Stress is also one major cause of getting obese.

How to prevent this:

  • Follow a healthy diet with lot of nutritious foods
  • Avoid starchy, canned, processed foods
  • Know what triggers you to eat more and control that impulse
  • Stick to eating healthy and not go off-wagon during vacations, festivals
  • Indulge in your favorite food, but in moderation


India ranks as number 1 country with maximum number of people suffering from diabetes. Unhealthy lifestyle, stress, obesity and genetics are the causes that trigger Diabetes condition. If diabetes is not managed properly then many other health issues await you in the future.

How to prevent this:

  • Include foods rich in fiber and protein
  • Control consumption of sugar-rich, carbohydrate-rich food
  • Pay attention to your mental health
  • 30 minutes of physical activity or any sort of cardio workout should be included in your lifestyle, at least 5 times a week
  • Change your lifestyle to live happily and disease free

Get best preventive health testing packages and comfortable sample collection service at your door-step with Metropolis India

Heart diseases (Cardiovascular health)

Incidences of heart diseases are increasing in India again owing to lifestyle related concerns. Heart diseases include cholesterol, stroke, heart blockage, etc. This becomes a club of different disease condition which is again due to unhealthy lifestyle and food habits.

How to prevent this:

  • Learn to eat everything in proportion wise
  • Control and limit your intake of unhealthy fats
  • Get engaged in a relaxing or recreational activity like sport, yoga, dance, music
  • Include more of healthy fats in your diet
  • No amount of tobacco is safe, so avoid completely
  • Avoid too much of salt and sugar in your diet

Liver Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a liver disease caused due to heavy consumption of alcohol over a prolonged period. This fails liver and is irreversible condition and it leads to death ultimately. Men generally drink alcohol to socialize, for recreation or to cope with their stress.

How to prevent this:

  • Moderate or no consumption of alcohol, based on Doctor’s advice
  • Medications can reduce the symptoms
  • A healthy diet and exercise must be a part of your life

Wishing you a happy and healthy life. Take care.

Contributed by Kejal Shah – Founder of Nutrivity, Clinical Nutritionist and Diabetes Educator

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I was once called a sexy-sleek woman with that Indian touch of sensuousness…..But now, not age, but a disease has mellowed me down in every such aspect of taking pride in being a women. My ovaries have many watery cysts, I have PCOD and I am living with it since 2003. Resultant effects are alarming. Enlarged ovaries, pressure on pancreas, zero control on menstrual cycle, fear of getting type-2 diabetes, dirty acne on face, mood swings like a pendulum…..so much for my grey cells to absorb!!

Now, I can only call myself lucky, as I have been able to conceive with the help of acupressure & the third attempt of IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) treatment led to fertilization of a healthy 23 mm sized egg. I delivered a baby boy with a NORMAL delivery. Had undergone Garbh Sanskar Vidhi, an Ayurvedic treatment for first 3 months post which I underwent a tough diet & walking regime, as I was determined not to undergo a C-section.

Determination has paid off in my journey so far, as I was gifted a handsome, healthy baby boy who is 6 years old now, with well-developed features & brain too!!But my happiness was short lived when in spite of breastfeeding for 1.5 years, my hope to restore my hormonal balance failed. I have PCOD even in 2014 now & nothing is fine anymore. Neither my periods NOR my looks.

Moral of the lesson: Preventing PCOD is better than cure. Ever since I knew from the internet that there is no cure to PCOD, I have had no options but to protect my body from its long-term consequences. Preventing PCOD is not easy task. Now I take Vit-B12, Vit-D3 tablets & calcium from natural food sources. I have stopped taking sugar. Initially, I started with sugar free natura but now I consume sugar from plant product like Stevia leaves. I have recently decided to detoxify my body with Virochan Ayurveda procedure & then attack inch loss, if not weight loss.

After spending 40,000 rupees on herbal treatment, I am still striving hard to slim down. I have some more money going into Ayurvedic treatment these days. But to prevent permanent health issues, I am ready to do EVERYTHING. After my Ayurveda Panchkarma, Yoga & Treatment for hormones, face, hair, inch loss, I will meet you again with proof of any answers to what works & what doesn’t. Watch out!!!

Contributed by Phani Trivedi – Founder at WasteEngage, Chairperson at Businesswomen Wing at Gujarat Chamber of Commerce

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Forms of cancer that are specific to women are breast cancer (though few cases of male patients are also there), ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, cervical cancer. It is estimated that in India, about 160 million women aged 30-59 years are at risk of developing cervical cancer, and 77,300 new cases are diagnosed annually with 37,800 deaths, representing a whopping case fatality rate of 49 per cent.

What is a cervix?

Cervix is a fibromuscular tissue that is connects the genitals with the Uterus and is also called as the mouth/opening of the Uterus

What is cervical cancer?                                 

Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix, the opening of uterus. The cells on cervix begin to grow abnormally and sometimes if they are not treated, they can become cancerous.

What are causes of Cervical Cancer?

The main cause for Cervical cancer is getting infected with virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is sexually transmitted and could have been acquired years ago, from the time when it is finally detected. There are various types (strains) of HPV that can lead to cervical cancer.

Who are susceptible to HPV infections?

  • Women who are sexually active with multiple partners
  • Women whose partner(s) have / had more than one sexual partner
  • Women with any sexually transmitted diseases
  • Women with immune system related problems

Women have undergone any of the following are also likely to be susceptible –

  •  Steroid medications
  •  Chemotherapy
  •  Transplanted organs

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer to watch out for –

  • Unusual discharge from vagina
  • Blood spots or light bleeding even without periods
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Bleeding during or after sex
  • Anemia as a result of abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Ongoing pelvic, leg or back pain
  • Urinary problems because of blockage of kidney or ureter
  • Bleeding from rectum or bladder
  • Unusual Weight loss

If you witness any of these symptoms, a visit to the doctor for a check-up is must.

How to detect cervical cancer?

PAP smear test is commonly used for testing cervical cancer. This test assures strong sensitivity and specificity for detection of cervical cancer or pre-cancerous stages.

If the results of the PAP test points towards cervical cancer, the doctor may advice for colposcopy/biopsy procedure for further confirmation before the right treatment is implemented for the patient.

One of the most preferred method of cervical cancer screening for women between 30 to 65 years is PAP+HPV together (also known as Co-testing) to be done every 5 years. This method of testing is certified by ACOG (American College of Obstetrician and Gynaecologists) and American Cancer Society.

Early detection and regular screening can save lives when it comes to cervical cancer.

When to take PAP test and a Co-testing?

  • The right age to do the first PAP test for screening is within first 3 years of becoming sexually active. 
  • After age 30, you must repeat the test every 2-3 years after discussion with your physician/gynecologist
  • Schedule your PAP when you’re not having your menstrual period
  • Co- testing needs to be done every 3 years for the age group of 30-65

Talk to your doctor more about it, ASK QUESTIONS!

But the GOOD NEWS is Cervical cancer is the only cancer preventable by Vaccination. Talk to a gynecologist for more information on cervical cancer vaccination for you and your female peers.

Wishing you a very Happy and Healthy Life. Take care.

Contributed by Dr. Anita Shukla, Leading Gynecologist and Obstetrician.

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CHOLESTEROL sounds more like a threat call than an important molecule in the body. “Chole” come from a Greek word for Bile and Sterol are a collective group of molecules.

We all Have Liver and Liver produces about 1-2 grams of cholesterol daily based on our intake of cholesterol. In case the intake of cholesterol rich food is less than the production increases and vice versa. Cholesterol is important for the production for Vitamin D, Hormone production, bile juice, cell membrane.

Cholesterol being a fatty molecule it cannot mix with blood hence a transport agent in the form of Lipoproteins is used by the body to travel in our blood. These lipoproteins are what we call the HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS_HDL AND LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS_LDL. The HDL brings the excess cholesterol to liver from all over the body for disposal hence its termed as GOOD CHOLESTEROL. On the other hand, LDL transports cholesterol and fat from Liver to all over the body and we call them BAD CHOLESTEROL. The LDL has the bad name as its associated with plaque formation and heart diseases. However another group of Lipoproteins called LP(a) are responsible for plaque formation on damaged artery sites (due to oxidation- when we breath air).

Cholesterol has several metabolic functions, high cholesterol is equal to muscle growth, muscle repair and it’s a precursor for reproductive hormones. So, cutting it down does not really help. For people on plant-based diets the potassium manganese ratio can alter the blood cholesterol and low levels of sodium can increase LD. What would help is lifestyle changes that help bring a balance in the levels of cholesterol.

1. Reduce stress- More the stress more cholesterol

2. Eat at least 1 cup of whole grains a day- More fiber less cholesterol

3. Eat at least 1/3 rd cup of nuts and seeds- Good fat kills bad fat

4. Include herbs and spices in your cooking- Aids in Digestion of the fat

5. Aim for 45 mins of concentrated activity or exercise everyday

6. Avoid processed foods-Anything that has a shelf life longer than natural foods

7. Eat at least 5 -7 servings of fruits and raw vegetables a day

8. Improve sleep quality by practicing yoga nidra – Sleep is an excellent healer

9. Use cold pressed oils for cooking- Groundnut, coconut, mustard or sesame oil

Change of lifestyle can bring a balance, reduce the levels of LDL. Fats can help us stay full and focused for longer time compared to carbs and proteins. Do not shun them in the name of cholesterol. Instead they will help you maintain a balance in the levels. Since it’s naturally produced by the body, we now know that its not harmful but beneficial in the moderate amounts.

Keep a track of your heart by doing regular health checkup. To know more, click here

Go ahead and keep your heart healthy!! Stay Happy and Healthy!!

Contributed by Anitha Narayamurthy, Dietitian and Clinical Nutritionist

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When was the last time you saw the mild sunrays in morning? Or waited for few minutes while your skin soaked in the sunlight at dawn.

Are you feeling depressed? Are you always hungry? Are you facing anxiety issues? Have you put on extra belly fat?

If yes to all the above, then your body might be deficient in Vitamin-D.

Vitamin-D deficiency is quite common, and yet most people are not aware when they suffer from it.

That’s because the symptoms are often subtle and non-specific, meaning that it’s hard to know if they’re caused by low Vitamin-D levels or something else.

Mild sunlight in morning is the best source of Vitamin-D. Other sources of Vitamin-D are cheese, egg yolks, soymilk, fatty fish, salmon, tuna, mackerel, mushrooms. If your daily exposure to sunlight is limited because you wake up at later hour, if you stay indoors for long duration, live in northern latitudes or have an occupation that prevents sun exposure you may be at risk of Vitamin-D deficiency.

If you think you may have a deficiency, it’s important that you speak to your doctor and get your blood levels measured.

Fortunately, a vitamin D deficiency is usually easy to fix.

You can either increase your sun exposure during morning, eat more Vitamin-D-rich foods, such as fish or fortified dairy products. You can also find a variety of Vitamin-D supplements. Vitamin-D supplements should be taken by advice of a doctor.

Common signs and symptoms of Vitamin-D deficiency –

Common signs and symptoms of Vitamin-D deficiency –

  • Depression and anxiety

Body produces serotonin from the body chemical melatonin, melatonin is produced in response to sunlight, the more exposure to sunlight results in more melatonin thus more serotonin.

Too little of serotonin leads one to feel cranky, irritable, depressed, anxious.

  •  Muscle pain, bone pain, low bone density

Due to vitamin-D deficiency, there will be inadequate absorption of calcium in the body, vitamin-D helps in absorption of calcium. In case of inadequate Vitamin-D in body low bone mineral density can occur which results in chronic muscular pain, pain in joints, osteoporosis.

  • Hair loss

Stress, anxiety, depression, low immunity gradually causes hair loss. As all the above are signs of vitamin-D deficiency. Calcium, vitamins and minerals are major building components of hair and skin and nutritional deficiencies do affect their vitality.

65% of Indians have Vitamin-D deficiency! Get yourself and your family checked up for Vitamin-D. Click here to know more

  • Unexplained infertility

It is observed that the vitamin-D deficient women have less chances of getting conceived.

  • Poor wound healing

It’s also been suggested that vitamin-D’s role in controlling inflammation and fighting infection which is important for proper healing.

  • Poor immune function, increased risk of illness or infections

One of vitamin-D’s most important roles is keeping your immune system strong so you’re able to fight off viruses and bacteria that cause illness. It directly interacts with the cells that are responsible for fighting infection.

  • Constant feeling of fatigue and tired are the signs of low vitamin-D

If you find these symptoms then you lack vitamin-D, though it’s not life threatening initially but it does affect quality of life.

Wishing you a very happy and healthy life. Take care.

Contributed by – Dr. Anushree MV, an Ayurvedic physician specializing in weight loss, PCOS, thyroid disorders, diabetes, infertility and childcare.

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Osteoporosis, is a disease where your bones start to become thin. This disease is d also known as ‘the silent epidemic’. Normally our bones reach maximum density halfway through our twenties and begin to get more slender from the time we hit our mid-30s. Women are generally at higher risk for osteoporosis since the process speeds up after menopause.

According to an imminent study, around one in 3 women and one in twelve men who have crossed the age of 50 have osteoporosis. However, there are considerable that you can take to diminish your danger of getting osteoporosis. Try not to give up without a fight!

Know The Symptoms:

Firstly get an X- Ray done to check the thickness of your bones. If any of your parents has a broken hip or if by any chance you have rheumatoid arthritis or have experienced menopause, getting a test done for osteoporosis in inevitable.

Quit Smoking:

Smoking builds your danger of osteoporosis in addition to the various other harms it does to your body.

Quit Alcohol:

Drinking more than 250 ml of Alcohol can build your danger of osteoporosis. Adhere to the amount prescribed by your doctor and try to avoid alcohol on certain days of the week.


You should consume at least 1000 mg a day of calcium in your diets. Try including fruits, yogurt, kale, okra and tofu in your diet as they contain 300-400 mg of calcium.

Vitamin D:

Vitamin D is very important for solid bones, yet it’s the one vitamin that is difficult to get enough of from nourishment alone in light of the fact that 80-90% of our vitamin D is assimilated through our skins from sunlight.

Exercise Regularly:

To secure your bone health, running, cycling, swimming and lifting light weights are all great. Try to work out for at least thirty minutes five times each week.

Take Supplements:

Your specialist may prescribe a supplement of around 25 micrograms a day of vitamin D. In some cases it’s given in mix with calcium. On the off chance that you have been found to have osteoporosis, taking a solution called a bisphosphonate can prevent it from deteriorating. These tablets are typically taken day by day, week after week or in some cases once per month. However, these supplements do come with some side effects. So, make sure you have a thorough conversation with your doctor.

Get a Test Done:

Finally, get a test done. We have packages for Osteoporosis Profile- 1, Osteoporosis Profile- 2, and Osteoporosis Profile- 3 which provides a comprehensive profile for better bone health-Ca, P, Alkaline Phosphatase-Total & Bone Fraction, DPD, Osteocalcin, 25 OH Vitamin D, PTH, E2. For test packages for Osteoporosis click HERE

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