India is emerging as the Hepatitis capital of the world. All kinds of hepatitis damage the liver and may lead to liver cirrhosis or even liver cancer. Blood tests help reveal the kind of Hepatitis one is suffering from and also the genotypes are tested for customised treatment.
Hepatitis A & Hepatitis E is spread through contaminated water & food. Hepatitis B, C & D is spread through contact with infected blood & bodily fluids. Hepatitis B, C & D could either be transferred through a blood transfusion or sexually from an infected person. Mandatory screening of blood before transfusion has reduced the incidence of Hepatitis B transmission through blood transfusion.
What are the common symptoms of Hepatitis?
There are five types of Hepatitis and all types cause liver damage. While Hepatitis A & E are spread through contaminated water and food, Hepatitis B, C and D spread via transfer of bodily fluids and blood.
The most common symptoms Of all types of Hepatitis is as follows:
- Dark Urine
- Pale colored stool
- Flu Like Symptoms
- Abdominal Pain
- Lack of Appetite
- Unexplained weight loss
- Yellow skin and eyes
Hepatitis B, C & D are also called as silent killers since symptoms do not manifest at the early stages. Untreated Hepatitis leads to Liver Cirrhosis, Liver Failure or Liver Cancer in rare cases.