Sources of LEAD poisoning

Lead poisoning remains one of the most important environmental health concerns globally. It is a cumulative toxicant that affects multiple body systems and is particularly harmful to young children. At Metropolis Labs, Lead Poisoning is tested using high sensitivity technology called ICPMS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry) and Graphite Furnace Atomic absorption spectrometry. Blood, Serum and Urine samples can be tested for Lead.

According to a WHO study, lead exposure is estimated to account for 1,43,000 deaths per year with the highest burden in developing regions. Young children are particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of lead and can suffer profound and permanent adverse health effects, particularly affecting the development of the brain and nervous system. Lead exposure is estimated to contribute to 6,00,000 new cases of children with intellectual disabilities every year. In growing children, lead poisoning causes low IQ, hyperactivity, attention deficit, learning disabilities and anemia.

Lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust in older buildings are the most common sources of lead poisoning in children. Other sources include contaminated air, water and soil. Lead also causes long-term harm in adults, including increased risk of high blood pressure and kidney damage. Adults who work with batteries, do home renovations or work in auto repair shops also may be exposed to lead. It can induce brain, kidney, stomach, heart, hearing, muscle and fertility damage. Exposure of pregnant women to high levels of lead can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight, as well as minor malformations. Women with high blood lead levels develop early osteoporosis, lower backache, joint pain and persistent anemia.

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5 everyday foods that can prevent sugar spikes

Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugarand Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body’s production of insulin decreases. When the body does not produce enough insulin, sugar levels rise up in the blood and can lead to a series of consequences while also increasing your risk for heart disease and stroke. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to more health problems, including kidney failure and blindness.

If you are diagnosed with Diabetes, it is important that you maintain a steady blood sugar level and certain foods can help you do just that.

Whole Grains like bran, barley and rye
Whole grains are rich in soluble fibre and gives you a feeling of fullness that lasts for a longer time. Whole grains are primarily carbohydrates and will raise the blood sugar, but in a very controlled manner. This is exactly opposite to processed foods that immediately spike up your blood sugar.

Nuts such as almonds, walnuts and pistachios
Nuts slow the body’s absorption of sugar but exercise caution on how many you intake at one go because even these healthy nuts are loaded with calories.

Nuts such as almonds, walnuts and pistachios
Apple Cider Vinegar is known to help with insulin sensitivity. Like Nuts, Apple Cider Vinegar slows down absorption of sugar.

Cinnamon is known to drop fasting sugar levels though this has not been established through research. In addition, Cinnamon may also stimulate insulin secretion from pancreas.

Non Starchy vegetables such as broccoli, cucumber and carrots
Rich in fibre and provides essential nutrients.
Make the right diet choices to avoid sugar spikes. Also be sure to maintain healthy sugar levels through exercise, stress control and the right lifestyle choices
In addition, monitor your cholesterol regularly.

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Worried about your waistline? See how daily foods can help you!

Fruits and Veggies
Freshly cut fruits and baked/steamed vegetables are rich in fibre. This induces satiety thereby helps you avoid overeating. In addition, it is loaded with nutrients that will benefit your weight management plan

Green Tea
Green tea which is rich in EGCG and flavonoids helps reduce inflammation and body fat. In addition EGCG which is a polyphenol has powerful antioxidant effects and can protect you from disease.

Mono Unsaturated Fats
Reduces inflammation and raises HDL, high density cholesterol, which is the good cholesterol. Common sources of MUFAs are olive oil, avocados and nuts.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Regular consumption of foods rich in Omega 3 Fatty Acids can reduce inflammation and regulate lipids. Foods that provide omega-3 fatty acids include fish oil and certain plant and nut oils. Omega-3 fatty acids are thought to provide a wide range of health benefits, including a lower risk of coronary heart disease and improvement in cholesterol.

Spices like Cinnamon can fight inflammation and help in overall weight management

Whole Grains
Whole grains rich in fiber can moderate insulin response. Whole grains are a source of carbohydrate too but the sugar release in the blood is slower.

Essential for hydration and reduction of inflammation
Weight management needs to be a healthy process and it is important to monitor your vital parameters like blood sugar, cholesterol, vitamins, minerals regularly to know if you are losing weight healthily.
Be sure to monitor your vital parameters regularly.

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Metropolis Healthcare essential fatty acids

It is quite a pity that fats have earned a reputation to be bad for health but that is not entirely true. Certain types of fat are not only good for your health but are in fact essential. Linolenic acid and Linoleic acid are two such fatty acids which cannot be made by the body and hence needs to be added through the diet. Linolenic Acid and Linoleic acid is important to produce omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids which is essential for the normal functioning of all tissues in the body.
Food sources rich in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids include:

  • Fish, shellfish
  • Soya Oil
  • Pumpkin Seeds
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Walnuts

Essential fatty acids (EFAs) perform many functions.

  • They are an important part of cell membranes.
  • Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids are required in the production of prostaglandins which is present in all cells and are responsible for many functions at cellular level and regulate many body processes such as: cardiovascular function, immune system processes and maintenance of the musculoskeletal system.
  • Regulate oxygen use, electron transportation and energy production
  • Essential fatty acids are important to produce Haemoglobin
  • Support the production of secretions of digestive enzymes.
  • These fatty acids help carry the cholesterol in the blood.
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How stress affects multiple organs

Stress causes whole body deterioration. Here is an easy guide on how stress affects multiple sites in the body

Brain: Stress leads to depression, anxiety, anger, irritation, lack of concentration and sleeplessness

Heart: Stress related hormones causes palpitation, high BP, elevated cholesterol and increases your risk for heart attack

Stomach: Over eating and stress related eating leads to irregular bowel movements, cramping and increases abdominal fat deposition.

Pancreas: Stress increases your risk for diabetes as sugar levels are constantly high

Reproductive system: Stress is known to reduce desire for sex and could also lead to irregular menstruation due to hormonal imbalance.

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Five minute tips to relieve stress at work

At office, we are constantly faced with stress. Projects, deadlines, late hours and multitasking could take a toll on your health. It is important to de-stress while you are at work. It improves your health and also helps you perform better.
Here are 5 simple tips to relieve stress at work:

  • Just close your eyes and think of a favourite happy memory: It could be a great birthday party that you recently attended or time you spent with your loved ones.
  • Browse through a photo album of a much enjoyed vacation: Today our smart phones are full of happy memories. Browse through the photos and relax
  • Practise deep breathing: Perhaps the best and easiest way to relieve stress. Deep breathing helps in relieving stress.
  • Keep a glass of water in front of you are imagine that you are drowning your worries in it.
  • Simply stretching your legs or a small walk around your office stress could also divert your mind and take off your stress
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What happens to the body when we are stressed?

We commonly hear people saying that we are living in stressful times. While some serious situations like a financial burden or a member of the family suffering from a disease could lead to long-term stress, we constantly feel stressed out. Deadlines, projects, traffic jams and a work-life imbalance contribute to stress. Physical and mental stress puts the body in a fight mode and this leads to a series of events in the body. So what exactly happens when you get stressed out?

Stress causes whole body deterioration and here is how.
When we get stressed, stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline are released.
Cortisol enhances our brain’s use of glucose. In stressful conditions our blood sugar level goes up. In cases of prolonged stress, constantly elevated levels of blood sugar may lead to diabetes.

In addition cortisol gears body’s repair mechanism and supresses non-essential functions like digestive system , reproductive system and regular growth process.

Adrenaline of the other hand boosts energy along with increasing blood pressure and heart rate.

Once the body feels that the stress is relieved, hormone levels return to normal, heart rate and blood pressure return to baseline levels and the system resumes their regular functions.

The problem with stress is twofold. Constant and prolonged stress leads to elevated blood sugar, blood pressure and heart rate. Also our reaction to stress is important. Some people smoke or take a drink to relieve stress which only further compounds the problem. Healthier options are yoga, exercise, meditation or even reading a book and listening to music.

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5 tips to prevent the spread of air borne infections during monsoon
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue while sneezing & coughing
  • Sanitise surfaces and wash your hands often
  • Get enough sleep & rest.
  • Drink plenty of liquids and stay hydrated
  • Do not share glasses, spoon, forks and tissues
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How is Chikungunya treated after detection?

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common.

The symptoms of chikungunya are severe and disabling and joint pain usually persists for months.

As there is no specific medicine to treat chikungunya, patients are advised supportive care, plenty of water and nutritious diet. Movement and mild exercise helps improve joint pain over a course of time.

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Why is Cola bad for your health?

People who consume carbonated drinks usually consume more than the recommended levels of sugar at one go. While WHO recommends about 24 grams of sugar a day, the source of the sugar should ideally come from healthy sources like fruits, vegetables and even pulses. A doughnut or a slice of cake, just like a Cola has added sugars and is unhealthy.

Within the first 10 minutes of consuming a Cola tin, there is an immediate sugar spike in your blood, which in turn leads to a burst in the insulin. This causes your liver to convert all the available sugars in to fat. This is the reason why people who regularly consume Cola have higher BMI, weight gain, higher total fat and obesity.

Cola also has phosphoric acid which binds with calcium and magnesium in your blood. High sugar content coupled with artificial sweeteners increase the urinary excretion of calcium. Also, since Cola is a diuretic, all the nutrients, the bound calcium and magnesium get excreted through urine. These nutrients which otherwise would have been used by our body for building strong bones and teeth.

Limit consumption of Colas or just avoid it entirely. Go for regular health check-ups, monitor your health parameters, consume a balanced diet and exercise regularly.

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