Newborn screening tests are typically performed within 72 hours of birth for any disorders of diseases that might affect the baby’s normal functions. Metabolic disorders, blood diseases, genetic disorders,are detected early through these tests. The idea is to perform the tests and detect diseases if any at the earliest stage possible so that the necessary treatment can be provided at the very starting of the disease and it can be cured. Some of the metabolic disorders are fatal like CAH and Maple Syrup Urine Disease. It is also important to keep in mind here that the tests are just to check the symptoms and should not be considered as the final diagnosis.

A confirmation of a disorder gives ample time of doctors to effectively treat the disease.

Below is a list of genetic disorders, their symptoms and the corresponding tests.

Genetic DisorderSymptomsTest
Congenital HypothyroidismMental retardation, Poor Growth and Neurological CapabilitiesThyroxine
Congenital Adrenal HyperplasiaAmbiguity of genitalia, salt wasting diseases, Hyponatremia, Hypovolemia17-Hydroxy Progesterone
Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiencyAnemia, Neonatal Jaundice, HemolysisG6PD
GalactosemiaLiver failure, Sepsis, Mental retardation. If unchecked can lead to deathGal-1-P / Galactose
PhenylketonuriaSevere mental retardation, microcephaly, epilepsyPhenylalanine
Cystic FibrosisChronic Obstructive Lung Disease with thick secretions and recurrent infectionsPancreatic insufficiency leading to digestive problemsPersistent coughing and poor weight gainImmuno reactive Trypsinogen
Hemoglobinopathies – Thalassemia, Sickle CellChronic Hemolytic AnemiaHemoglobin
Maple Syrup Urine DiseaseIncreased leucine levels lead to Mental Retardation Difficulty in walking, speech, seizure and deathLeucine
Biotindase deficiencySeizures, rash, hearing loss and developmental delayBiotindase
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India has a relatively high birth rate of approximately 25 million babies born every year. India also has a high prevalence of consanguineous (marriages within the family, maternal or paternal side) marriage across the country which gives an indication to the possibility of high occurrence of IEM (Inborn errors of Metabolism). However there is very little research and report evidence to support this.

What is Inborn Errors of Metabolism?
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia defines Inborn errors of metabolism as rare genetic (inherited) disorders in which the body cannot properly turn food into energy. The disorders are usually caused by defects in specific proteins (enzymes) that help break down (metabolize) parts of food.

What are the most common disorders observed in India?
Congenital Hypothyroidism
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)
Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD)
Biotindase Deficiency
Galactosemia (GAL)
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD)

State wise common disorders

Studies over the years also point out to state wise trends in these disorders.

StateCommon Disorders
KarnatakaHomocystinuria, Hyperglycinema, MSUD, PKU
AP & TelenganaCH and CAH
North IndiaAminoacid Disorder
MumbaiAlbinism, Alkaptonuria, Amino Acid Disorder
East IndiaWilson’s Disease
West IndiaGM2 Gangliosidosis

How are these errors diagnosed?

Newborn screening tests are typically performed within 72 hours of birth for any disorders of diseases that might affect the baby’s normal functions. Metabolic disorders, blood diseases, genetic disorders,are detected early through these tests. The idea is to perform the tests and detect diseases if any at the earliest stage possible so that the necessary treatment can be provided at the very starting of the disease and it can be cured. Some of the metabolic disorders are fatal like CAH and Maple Syrup Urine Disease. It is also important to keep in mind here that the tests are just to check the symptoms and should not be considered as the final diagnosis. A confirmation of a disorder gives ample time of doctors to effectively treat the disease.

Genetic DisorderSymptomsTest
 Congenital Hypothyroidism Mental retardation, Poor Growth and Neurological CapabilitiesThyroxine
 Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Ambiguity of genitalia, salt wasting diseases, Hyponatremia, Hypovolemia17-Hydroxy Progesterone
 Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiency Anemia, Neonatal Jaundice, HemolysisG6PD
 Galactosemia Liver failure, Sepsis, Mental retardation. If unchecked can lead to deathGal-1-P / Galactose
 Phenylketonuria Severe mental retardation, microcephaly, epilepsyPhenylalanine
Cystic FibrosisChronic Obstructive Lung Disease with thick secretions and recurrent infectionsPancreatic insufficiency leading to digestive problemsPersistent coughing and poor weight gainImmuno reactive Trypsinogen
 Hemoglobinopathies – Thalassemia, Sickle Cell Anemia Chronic Hemolytic AnemiaHemoglobin
Maple Syrup Urine DiseaseIncreased leucine levels lead to Mental Retardation Difficulty in walking, speech, seizure and deathLeucine
 Biotindase deficiency Seizures, rash, hearing loss and developmental delayBiotindase
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Osteoporosis, is a disease where your bones start to become thin. This disease is d also known as ‘the silent epidemic’. Normally our bones reach maximum density halfway through our twenties and begin to get more slender from the time we hit our mid-30s. Women are generally at higher risk for osteoporosis since the process speeds up after menopause.

According to an imminent study, around one in 3 women and one in twelve men who have crossed the age of 50 have osteoporosis. However, there are considerable that you can take to diminish your danger of getting osteoporosis. Try not to give up without a fight!

Know The Symptoms:

Firstly get an X- Ray done to check the thickness of your bones. If any of your parents has a broken hip or if by any chance you have rheumatoid arthritis or have experienced menopause, getting a test done for osteoporosis in inevitable.

Quit Smoking:

Smoking builds your danger of osteoporosis in addition to the various other harms it does to your body.

Quit Alcohol:

Drinking more than 250 ml of Alcohol can build your danger of osteoporosis. Adhere to the amount prescribed by your doctor and try to avoid alcohol on certain days of the week.


You should consume at least 1000 mg a day of calcium in your diets. Try including fruits, yogurt, kale, okra and tofu in your diet as they contain 300-400 mg of calcium.

Vitamin D:

Vitamin D is very important for solid bones, yet it’s the one vitamin that is difficult to get enough of from nourishment alone in light of the fact that 80-90% of our vitamin D is assimilated through our skins from sunlight.

Exercise Regularly:

To secure your bone health, running, cycling, swimming and lifting light weights are all great. Try to work out for at least thirty minutes five times each week.

Take Supplements:

Your specialist may prescribe a supplement of around 25 micrograms a day of vitamin D. In some cases it’s given in mix with calcium. On the off chance that you have been found to have osteoporosis, taking a solution called a bisphosphonate can prevent it from deteriorating. These tablets are typically taken day by day, week after week or in some cases once per month. However, these supplements do come with some side effects. So, make sure you have a thorough conversation with your doctor.

Get a Test Done:

Finally, get a test done. We have packages for Osteoporosis Profile- 1, Osteoporosis Profile- 2, and Osteoporosis Profile- 3 which provides a comprehensive profile for better bone health-Ca, P, Alkaline Phosphatase-Total & Bone Fraction, DPD, Osteocalcin, 25 OH Vitamin D, PTH, E2. For test packages for Osteoporosis click HERE

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Keeping your glucose levels inside the range prescribed by your specialist can be challenging. That is on account of numerous other things that roll out the increase of your glucose levels, here and there out of the blue.


Adhering to a good diet is a foundation of a healthy living and it doesn’t matter whether you have diabetes or not. In any case, on the off chance that you have diabetes, you have to know how nourishments influence your glucose levels. It’s the kind of food you eat as well as the amount you eat is what determines how your blood glucose levels increase or decrease.

  • A key to numerous diabetes control techniques is figuring out how to tally carbs. These are  the foods that frequently have the greatest effect on your glucose levels. Also, for individuals taking mealtime insulin, it’s essential to know the measure of starches in your nourishment, so you get the correct insulin dosage.
  • Realize what parcel size is best for each and every variation of food that you have. Have a count of calories. There are books available that has indepth details about every food  and its calorie count.
  • Try eating organic products, vegetables and whole grains. These foods are low in starches and contain essential fibers that keeps your glucose levels more steady. Converse with your specialist, medical attendant or dietician about the best sustenance decisions and the suitable adjustments of the kind of food you include in your meal.
  • Stay away from carbonated drinks. Sugar-sweetened drinks incorporating those sweetened with high fructose corn syrup or sucrose  have a tendency to be high in calories and offer little to the nutritional value that is required for your sustenance. Furthermore, on the grounds that they cause glucose to rise rapidly, it’s best to dodge these sorts of beverages in the event that you have diabetes.

Work out:

  • Physical work is another essential aspect of your efforts to control diabetes. When you work out, your muscles utilize sugar (glucose) for vitality. Customary physical movement likewise helps your body utilize insulin all the more proficiently.
  • These elements cooperate to bring down your glucose level. The more strenuous your workout, the more drawn out the impact keeps is. Yet, even light exercises, for example, household chors, walking for an hour or so and this can drastically enhance your glucose level.
  • Talk to your doctor and make an exercise chart and try to follow that everyday so, you can maintain regular physical activity.
  • Talk your doctor and know which exercise is best for your condition.
  • Check your blood sugar level from time to time. Check your glucose level some time recently, amid and after work out, particularly on the off chance that you take insulin or meds that lower blood sugar in your system.
  • Make Sure You Drink a Lot of water to keep yourself hydrated.
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Diabetes is on the ascent, yet most cases are preventable and some can even be turned around. Finding a way to avert and control diabetes doesn’t mean living in hardship; it implies eating a delectable, adjusted eating routine that will likewise support your vitality and enhance your disposition. With these tips, you can in any case take delight from your suppers and at the same time fight diabetes.

So, these 6 superfoods are a must for controlling diabetes:


Turmeric has been used by us Indians since ancient times. Being a conventional Indian spice, it is used in every household as it helps digesting fats in the body. Turmeric contains an active component called Curcumin, which posseses the unique power to turn around insulin resistance, high glucose and elevated cholesterol levels, and different side effects connected to heftiness.


Broccoli is amazing when it comes to diabetes. Similar to kale and cauliflower, it contains a compound called sulforaphane, which helps to enhance glucose control and shield veins from the cardiovascular harm that is frequently a result of diabetes. Sulforaphane additionally helps secrete the body’s natural detox components, urging compounds to transform hazardous cancer causing chemicals into useful components.


Fish is rich in protein, and contains a kind of fat that controls inflammation. Fish is a great source of omega-3 and studies have concluded that unsaturated fats cause the least amount of inflammation, the very foundation that  intensifies diabetes and weight issues. A diet that contains fish reduces your chances of several health conditions, particularly stroke, as an aftereffect of your diabetes.


Spinach is one of the numerous verdant green veggies that have been appeared to help with controlling diabetes. As per a recent study, Individuals who expend more than one serving a day of spinach is more likely to be the victim of the effects that arise from diabetes, contrasted with individuals who eat under half  a serving every day. Spinach is rich in vitamin K, alongside a few minerals including magnesium, folate, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc.


They contain both insoluble fibre and dissolvable fibre. It is a proven fact that the regular use of blueberries, bring down blood glucose levels. The active component in these berries is anthocyanins, a substance that fortifies the arrival of adiponectin, a hormone that manages blood glucose levels, in addition to other health benefits. Increasing our  adiponectin levels can keep glucose low and increment our affectability to insulin.


This is the most widely  used nut on the planet, walnuts contain the polyunsaturated fat called alpha-linolenic corrosive, which has been appeared to lower aggravation. The L-arginine, omega-3s, fiber, vitamin E, and different phytochemicals found in walnuts and other tree nuts make them a super food that fights with not only diabetes, but coronary heart diseases and provides relief from several other diseases.

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On the off chance that you encounter symptoms of increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight reduction, increased appetite, and feel a tingling sensation in your hands or feet, chances are that you are a diabetic.

The Symptoms and effects of diabetes show up all of a sudden and are frequently the explanation behind checking glucose levels. Since the symptoms of diabetes and prediabetes appear more gradually, the side effects may not be clear to us. However, The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has prescribed some particular screening rules for the accompanying individuals:

Individuals aged 45 and above are encouraged to get a blood sugar screening, and if results are normal, he is to be screened in every 3 years.

Any individual with a body mass index higher than 25, paying little respect to age, pertaining to extra risk components like, hypertension, an inactive way of life, someone who has been diagnosed with PCOS, having delivered an infant who measured more than 9 pounds, a crisp background marked by diabetes in pregnancy, extremely high cholesterol levels, a past filled with coronary illness, and having a relative with diabetes.


This blood test shows your normal glucose level for as long as a few months. It quantifies the rate of glucose connected to haemoglobin and the protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells. The higher the glucose levels, the more haemoglobin one has with sugar attached to it. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests shows that you have diabetes. An A1C somewhere around 5.7 and 6.4 percent demonstrates prediabetes. Beneath 5.7 is viewed as normal.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test:

In this test your blood sample will be collected after you have observed an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.

A Complete Blood Count (CBC):

This is a blood test used to evaluate an individual’s overall health and discover a wide range of disorders, ranging from anemia, to leukemia.

The CBC test measures several components and features of one’s blood, that typically includes Oxygen carrying Red blood cells, White blood cells, Hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen, Hematocrit, the proportion of plasma in an individual’s blood and Platelets, that help with clotting blood.

Any abnormal increases or decreases in these cell counts as revealed in a CBC test may indicate that one might have an underlying medical condition that requires to be diagnosed further.

Post Prandial Glucose Test (PPBS):

This is a blood glucose test that decides the measure of a particular type of sugar, named as glucose. In this test Glucose is measured in the blood particularly after a meal.

Ordinarily, blood glucose levels elevate marginally after eating a meal. This expansion causes the pancreas to discharge insulin, which helps the body in expelling glucose from the blood and storing it for providing vital energy to the body. Individuals with diabetes may not create or react legitimately to insulin, which increases their blood glucose levels. High blood glucose levels can drastically  harm the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and veins.

A 2-hour PPBS test measures blood glucose precisely 2 hours in the wake of eating a meal. By this point glucose has generally retreated down in healthy individuals, yet it might in any case be raised in individuals with diabetes. Subsequently, it serves as a trial for whether an individual may have diabetes, or of whether an individual who has diabetes is effectively controlling their blood glucose levels.

Cholesterol test:

Diabetes drastically increases the risk of heart disease in an individual, which makes it inevitable for them to have a blood test to screen their cholesterol levels more frequently; in the off chance their cholesterol levels are high.


Triglycerides are a kind of fat that is typically found in the blood. When there is an increase in the levels of triglycerides, it increases the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.

A person’s triglyceride levels are measured with a blood test along with testing cholesterol levels in the blood. Normal triglycerides are below 150. Levels above 200 are high.

Normally a person’s triglyceride level increases due to:

  • Being overweight
  • Lack of Exercise
  • Excessive Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Genetic disorders

Triglyceride levels may be lowered with a combination lifestyle changes like:

  • Losing Weight
  • Healthy Diet
  • Regular Exercise

Creatinine Blood Test:

A creatinine blood test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste item that structures when creatine separates. Creatine is found in your muscle. Creatinine levels in the blood can provide your specialist with data about how well your kidneys are functioning.


This is a blood test that measures the main electrolytes in the body which includes sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate (CO2)—can be used to evaluate symptoms of heart disease and monitor the effectiveness of treatments for high blood pressure, heart failure and liver and kidney disease.

Insulin Auto Antibodies (IAA):

This tests detects the antibodies targeting insulin, Along with attacking beta cells, the immune system in people with type 1 diabetes also targets insulin..


This test measures how much C-peptide is in the blood of an individual. Since levels of this peptide generally match insulin levels in the body, the test is mostly used to indicate how much insulin an individual’s body is producing. Normally Low levels of C-peptide and insulin usually point to type 1 diabetes.

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Monsoon is the season that conveys satisfaction to our life as it makes nature cool after the hot and searing sun is done with its dominance over the late summers. Yet, even the cool downpour of the monsoon, brings with it negative health impacts from which you need to secure yourself. Truly, there are a lot of health issues that are brought about by monsoons and we ought to be very careful to protect ourselves from it. In the event that you have children and elderly individuals at home, they will be truly powerless on natures influence and might develop symptoms of certain infectious diseases.

So, Here Are Metropolis’s Expert Tips by Renowned Doctors to Help You Survive This Monsoon:

Ensure that you have a clean surrounding

Drink a lot of water and other liquids to flush out toxic materials from your body

Almonds, yogurt and curd keep up the required hydration levels in the body

Drink green tea and other fluids that detoxify you and keep your system clean

Say no to street food. At least till the monsoons are over

Image Source:

Maintain a strategic distance from the utilization of foods that are prone to infections

Eat apple, mango, pear, and pomegranates

Stay away from direct contact from contaminated patients

Use hand sanitizer routinely

Make proper use of mosquito repellent and keep yourself covered

Following these rules helps you to stay sheltered and solid amid monsoons. Continuously fling on nourishing food sustenance’s and be hygienic by taking essential preliminary measures like cleaning your home, washing your hands properly, and so on. If you fall sick or have a prolonged fever make sure you get a blood test done because you might be suffering from an infectious disease.   Make sure you get your tests done by Metropolis as we have the state of the art technology to deliver accurate results. We wish you and your family  a safe and serene monsoon.

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Almost, everybody likes the rainy season after the scorching summers have taken a toll on them. But, we need to take into consideration that monsoons are additionally the time when infectious diseases are on the ascent. Because of the warm, wet and muggy atmosphere, diseases get to be regular amid the monsoons.

There are some regular monsoon infections that you should know of and that’s why we at Metropolis have decided to do this post, to help you survive the monsoon infections like a boss.

So, Here is a list some prevailing monsoon diseases and ways to prevent them:


This nasty water-borne infection is brought about by the consumption of contaminated water and dirty sanitation. The regular effect of typhoid is high fever, tormenting pain in the abdomen area and cerebral pain. Additionally, a sore throat can likewise indicate that you might be suffering from typhoid.

How to Prevent This Disease?

  • Drink boiled water
  • Avoid Street Food
  • Wash Your Hands often
  • Avoid cold food


Jaundice can be a really painful experience. It is a kind of sickness that is caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood and causes your skin to become yellow. The worst part of it is that, the sickness harms your liver beyond imagination.

How to Prevent Jaundice?

  • Keep a check on your lifestyle
  • Drink clean water
  • Get hepatitis vaccinations
  • Avoid excessive alcohol
  • Eat healthy food


Malaria is a disease that is caused by the reproduction of female anopheles mosquito in spots containing stagnant water. This is the most common disease during the monsoons. The normal manifestations of this disease incorporate high fever, tormenting pains in the body, body chills, sweating and vomiting.

How to Prevent Malaria?

  • Use mosquito repellent
  • Wear long sleeves
  • Use a mosquito net during the night


This disease is normally caused by Aedes mosquitos and they have a track record of frequently wreaking havoc upon your well-being. They usually attack during the early mornings and bring destruction upon your life. The most common symptoms of Dengue are extremely high fevers, rashes and severe pain throughout the body.

How to prevent Dengue?

  • Wear protective clothing
  • Make sure there is no stagnant water near your home or inside your home
  • Use as much as mosquito repellents possible
  • Screen your windows


Leptospirosis is otherwise called Weil’s disorder. It is brought about by contact with muddy water or garbage. The basic manifestations of leptospirosis are cerebral pain, inflammations, tormenting muscle cramps and high fever.

How to prevent Leptospirosis?

  • Cover yourself completely when you step out of your home
  • Don’t neglect cuts and bruises
  • Cover your feet

To ensure a healthy monsoon, make sure that you visit your doctor frequently and find out what tests are to be done for the season. However, while a large number of today’s medical tests generate exact results, false negative or positives do happen and are a common phenomenon.

A false negative is a test outcome that indicates that a person does not have an ailment or condition when the individual really has it. Correspondingly, a false-positive test result demonstrates that a person has a particular ailment or condition when the individual really does not have it. Hence it is important to choose an accredited laboratory which will give you accurate diagnosis so you don’t lose time in beginning the right course of treatment.

For that purpose get yourself diagnosed by Metropolis as we have state of the art facilities to cater to your needs. Whether it’s Dengue or Malaria we have a track record of providing accurate results.

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29 % population between 30 and 50 years have high plaque buildup in arteries

Mumbai, September 20, 2015: Metropolis Healthcare Ltd, a multinational chain of pathology laboratories; has become one of the few laboratories in India to offer PLAC Test. 50% Heart attacks occurs in patients with normal cholesterol. Traditional markers of cardiovascular risk such as cholesterol levels tell physicians very little about acute risk of stroke or heart attack.The PLAC test is a US FDA approved, predictive test marker for cardiac risk stratification.

Metropolis conducted a random pan India study on 311 samples of PLAC Testover a period of 20 months. Out of 311 samplesanalyzed, about 29% between the age group of 30 and 50 years were found to be at high risk of developing Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

PLAC is a simple blood test which can tell you how healthy your heart is and measures the enzyme activity of Lp-PLA2 level in the body. Lp-PLA2 is a cardiovascular specific inflammatory marker implicated in the formation of rupture prone plaque. This test helps in identifying hidden cardiac disease including heart attack and ischemic stroke. This PLAC test is highly recommended in four major guidelines ie AACE Guideline 2012, European Guideline 2012, AHA / ASA Guideline 2011, ACCF / AHA Guideline 2010.

“Majority of heart attacks and strokes are caused by plaque ruptures. Basically plaques are made of fats, cholesterol found in blood. It is indeed natural that high cholesterol, especially high LDL can increase your chances of cardiovascular disease, hence cholesterol test wouldn’t suffice to predict your cardiac risk accurately. Surprisingly majority of heart attack occurs in people with normal cholesterol,” says Dr.SonaliKolte, General Manager – Medico Marketing, Metropolis Healthcare Ltd. If you all think that normal BP and Cholesterol levels under control, wouldn’t lead to cardiac risk then you are under serious misconception, she added.

(Reference range – Low risk stratification: < 152 nm / ml, Medium risk stratification: 152 – 194 nm / ml, High risk stratification: > 195 nm / ml)

Cardiac risk percentage wise

An atherosclerotic plaque, also known as an atheroma, is a deposit of harmful fats, or lipids, on the blood vessel wall. When the plaque ruptures, globules resembling chunks of oatmeal break loose and suddenly clog a blood vessel, causing heart attack or stroke.

Unhealthy life style that includes junk food, excess alcohol and smoking can increase the chance of stroke. Blood vessels become clogged with fatty deposits and make their way to the brain, hindering the oxygen supply.

Who should undergo PLAC Test

  • People with high blood pressure and high cholesterol
  • Obesity
  • People with heavy saturated fat intake
  • Diabetes, alcoholic and chain smokers
  • People with family history

(Resource: AACE – American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist, AHA – American Heart Association, ASA – American Stroke Association, ACCF – American College of Cardiology Foundation)

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7 out of every 10 Indians are Vitamin deficient: Metropolis Study

Pan India study of 14,96,683 samples reveals alarming statistics

Metropolis Healthcare – a multinational chain of diagnostic centres conducted an inclusive study on Vitamin D, Vitamin B12 and Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid) to observe the deficiency and sufficiency of Vitamins within the inhabitants across India. Metropolis conducted a comprehensive pan India study on 14,96,683 samples over a period of 3 years. The increasing trend of Vitamin deficiency is seen in all the age groups. Among the samples tested across 4 zones viz, North, South, East, West 75% of population has shown alarming levels of deficiency.

Commenting on the study Dr.SonaliKolte, General Manager, MedicoMarketing said, “Indians have a lethargic attitude towards Vitamins. Vitamin deficiencies usually develop slowly over several months to years Symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency are usually vague muscle/joint pain, weakness, bone pain, tiredness, fatigue or even depression. Nowadays it is observed that people who are deficient in Vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh. Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent health related problems.”

The Study

In an analysis of over 14, 96,683 patients who underwent Vitamin tests, the following trends emerged.

  • 81.28% of all samples tested were deficient in Vitamin D
  • 21.02% of all samples tested were deficient in Vitamin B12
  • 15.06% of all samples tested were deficient in Vitamin B9

Gender wise patterns emerged as below

Age wise deficiency patterns emerged as below for the range of Vitamins

Vitamin D: It has been a general belief that vitamin D deficiency is uncommon in India because of abundant sunshine. There is, however, now increasing evidence that this is not true. Vitamin D deficiency has reached epidemic proportions in India despite ample sunshine.Vitamin D is unique because it is a vitamin synthesized by the body and it functions as a hormone.

Vitamin D is important for good overall health and strong and healthy bones. It’s also an important factor in making sure your muscles, heart, lungs and brain work well and that your body can fight infection. Your body can make its own vitamin D from sunlight. You can also get vitamin D from supplements and a very small amount comes from a few foods you eat. They are vital for everyone and ensure that your body works well and is able to fight illness and heal well. Vitamin D manages calcium in your blood, bones and gut and helps cells all over your body to communicate properly.

Most common reason to have deficient levels of vitamin D due to limited sunshine exposure

Studies suggest it may even help ease fibromyalgia pain and slow the progression of multiple sclerosis.It has also been linked to the various serious health conditions such as dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, prostate cancer, erectile dysfunction and mental disorder such as Schizophrenia

Vitamin B12 regulates the functions of the brain and nervous system. It also plays an important role in the formation of blood.Some of the common symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are weakness, apathy, memory loss, acidity, loss of weight, nausea and vomiting, anemia, mental confusion, delusions, paranoia, respiratory symptoms, hives and other symptoms of allergy. A long-term deficiency can lead to heart attacks or stroke . The important sources of Vitamin B12 are mostly animal products like meat, fish, poultry, eggs and also dairy items. Pure vegetarian diet may result in Vitamin B12 deficiency which is becoming common amongst Indians.Vitamin B12 is also used to treat memory loss; Alzheimer’s disease; boosting mood, energy, concentration and the immune system; and slowing aging. Vitamin B12 also helps our bodies absorb folic acid, which facilitates the release of energy.The risk of B12 deficiency increases along with your age.Elderly people with low-vitamin B12 are more likely to suffer from brain shrinkage and cognitive decline.

Vitamin B9, more commonly known as folate or folic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B vitamin family. Vitamin B9 (folic acid) is vital for several bodily functions, such as synthesis of DNA, RNA and to repairaiding rapid cell division and growth, to produce healthy red blood cells. It is important for pregnant women to have enough folic acid to prevent major birth defects of her baby’s brain or spine (neural tube defects, including spina bifida and anencephaly). It enhances brain health, folic acid supplementation may improve memory.

Vitamins Deficiency is prevalent across India. Our pan India study also indicated that the majority of the study participants had limited knowledge, poor practices, and an ignorant attitude towards vitamin sufficiency. Clear messages are needed about risks and benefits of vitamins. If you’re unsure if you’re getting an adequate amount of vitamins, consult with your doctor.

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