PCOD

I was once called a sexy-sleek woman with that Indian touch of sensuousness…..But now, not age, but a disease has mellowed me down in every such aspect of taking pride in being a women. My ovaries have many watery cysts, I have PCOD and I am living with it since 2003. Resultant effects are alarming. Enlarged ovaries, pressure on pancreas, zero control on menstrual cycle, fear of getting type-2 diabetes, dirty acne on face, mood swings like a pendulum…..so much for my grey cells to absorb!!

Now, I can only call myself lucky, as I have been able to conceive with the help of acupressure & the third attempt of IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) treatment led to fertilization of a healthy 23 mm sized egg. I delivered a baby boy with a NORMAL delivery. Had undergone Garbh Sanskar Vidhi, an Ayurvedic treatment for first 3 months post which I underwent a tough diet & walking regime, as I was determined not to undergo a C-section.

Determination has paid off in my journey so far, as I was gifted a handsome, healthy baby boy who is 6 years old now, with well-developed features & brain too!!But my happiness was short lived when in spite of breastfeeding for 1.5 years, my hope to restore my hormonal balance failed. I have PCOD even in 2014 now & nothing is fine anymore. Neither my periods NOR my looks.

Moral of the lesson: Preventing PCOD is better than cure. Ever since I knew from the internet that there is no cure to PCOD, I have had no options but to protect my body from its long-term consequences. Preventing PCOD is not easy task. Now I take Vit-B12, Vit-D3 tablets & calcium from natural food sources. I have stopped taking sugar. Initially, I started with sugar free natura but now I consume sugar from plant product like Stevia leaves. I have recently decided to detoxify my body with Virochan Ayurveda procedure & then attack inch loss, if not weight loss.

After spending 40,000 rupees on herbal treatment, I am still striving hard to slim down. I have some more money going into Ayurvedic treatment these days. But to prevent permanent health issues, I am ready to do EVERYTHING. After my Ayurveda Panchkarma, Yoga & Treatment for hormones, face, hair, inch loss, I will meet you again with proof of any answers to what works & what doesn’t. Watch out!!!

Contributed by Phani Trivedi – Founder at WasteEngage, Chairperson at Businesswomen Wing at Gujarat Chamber of Commerce

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Cervical-cancer

Forms of cancer that are specific to women are breast cancer (though few cases of male patients are also there), ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, cervical cancer. It is estimated that in India, about 160 million women aged 30-59 years are at risk of developing cervical cancer, and 77,300 new cases are diagnosed annually with 37,800 deaths, representing a whopping case fatality rate of 49 per cent.

What is a cervix?

Cervix is a fibromuscular tissue that is connects the genitals with the Uterus and is also called as the mouth/opening of the Uterus

What is cervical cancer?                                 

Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix, the opening of uterus. The cells on cervix begin to grow abnormally and sometimes if they are not treated, they can become cancerous.

What are causes of Cervical Cancer?

The main cause for Cervical cancer is getting infected with virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is sexually transmitted and could have been acquired years ago, from the time when it is finally detected. There are various types (strains) of HPV that can lead to cervical cancer.

Who are susceptible to HPV infections?

  • Women who are sexually active with multiple partners
  • Women whose partner(s) have / had more than one sexual partner
  • Women with any sexually transmitted diseases
  • Women with immune system related problems

Women have undergone any of the following are also likely to be susceptible –

  •  Steroid medications
  •  Chemotherapy
  •  Transplanted organs

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer to watch out for –

  • Unusual discharge from vagina
  • Blood spots or light bleeding even without periods
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Bleeding during or after sex
  • Anemia as a result of abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Ongoing pelvic, leg or back pain
  • Urinary problems because of blockage of kidney or ureter
  • Bleeding from rectum or bladder
  • Unusual Weight loss

If you witness any of these symptoms, a visit to the doctor for a check-up is must.

How to detect cervical cancer?

PAP smear test is commonly used for testing cervical cancer. This test assures strong sensitivity and specificity for detection of cervical cancer or pre-cancerous stages.

If the results of the PAP test points towards cervical cancer, the doctor may advice for colposcopy/biopsy procedure for further confirmation before the right treatment is implemented for the patient.

One of the most preferred method of cervical cancer screening for women between 30 to 65 years is PAP+HPV together (also known as Co-testing) to be done every 5 years. This method of testing is certified by ACOG (American College of Obstetrician and Gynaecologists) and American Cancer Society.

Early detection and regular screening can save lives when it comes to cervical cancer.

When to take PAP test and a Co-testing?

  • The right age to do the first PAP test for screening is within first 3 years of becoming sexually active. 
  • After age 30, you must repeat the test every 2-3 years after discussion with your physician/gynecologist
  • Schedule your PAP when you’re not having your menstrual period
  • Co- testing needs to be done every 3 years for the age group of 30-65

Talk to your doctor more about it, ASK QUESTIONS!

But the GOOD NEWS is Cervical cancer is the only cancer preventable by Vaccination. Talk to a gynecologist for more information on cervical cancer vaccination for you and your female peers.

Wishing you a very Happy and Healthy Life. Take care.

Contributed by Dr. Anita Shukla, Leading Gynecologist and Obstetrician.

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Healthy-Heart

CHOLESTEROL sounds more like a threat call than an important molecule in the body. “Chole” come from a Greek word for Bile and Sterol are a collective group of molecules.

We all Have Liver and Liver produces about 1-2 grams of cholesterol daily based on our intake of cholesterol. In case the intake of cholesterol rich food is less than the production increases and vice versa. Cholesterol is important for the production for Vitamin D, Hormone production, bile juice, cell membrane.

Cholesterol being a fatty molecule it cannot mix with blood hence a transport agent in the form of Lipoproteins is used by the body to travel in our blood. These lipoproteins are what we call the HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS_HDL AND LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS_LDL. The HDL brings the excess cholesterol to liver from all over the body for disposal hence its termed as GOOD CHOLESTEROL. On the other hand, LDL transports cholesterol and fat from Liver to all over the body and we call them BAD CHOLESTEROL. The LDL has the bad name as its associated with plaque formation and heart diseases. However another group of Lipoproteins called LP(a) are responsible for plaque formation on damaged artery sites (due to oxidation- when we breath air).

Cholesterol has several metabolic functions, high cholesterol is equal to muscle growth, muscle repair and it’s a precursor for reproductive hormones. So, cutting it down does not really help. For people on plant-based diets the potassium manganese ratio can alter the blood cholesterol and low levels of sodium can increase LD. What would help is lifestyle changes that help bring a balance in the levels of cholesterol.

1. Reduce stress- More the stress more cholesterol

2. Eat at least 1 cup of whole grains a day- More fiber less cholesterol

3. Eat at least 1/3 rd cup of nuts and seeds- Good fat kills bad fat

4. Include herbs and spices in your cooking- Aids in Digestion of the fat

5. Aim for 45 mins of concentrated activity or exercise everyday

6. Avoid processed foods-Anything that has a shelf life longer than natural foods

7. Eat at least 5 -7 servings of fruits and raw vegetables a day

8. Improve sleep quality by practicing yoga nidra – Sleep is an excellent healer

9. Use cold pressed oils for cooking- Groundnut, coconut, mustard or sesame oil

Change of lifestyle can bring a balance, reduce the levels of LDL. Fats can help us stay full and focused for longer time compared to carbs and proteins. Do not shun them in the name of cholesterol. Instead they will help you maintain a balance in the levels. Since it’s naturally produced by the body, we now know that its not harmful but beneficial in the moderate amounts.

Keep a track of your heart by doing regular health checkup. To know more, click here

Go ahead and keep your heart healthy!! Stay Happy and Healthy!!

Contributed by Anitha Narayamurthy, Dietitian and Clinical Nutritionist

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Diabetes-test

“To Travel is to live” as said by Hans Anderson. Traveling is an important part of our life. Be it work related or a holiday – traveling is fun and it lets us explore new places, surroundings, meet new people, discover different kind of food and culture.

But for diabetics a crucial question while traveling is how to manage their diabetes and enjoy the travel without any hassle.

Hang on! A little bit of homework, planning, scheduling and packing properly can help you manage your Diabetes hassle-free.

Here are some tips that can help you before and during your travel –

Before you travel:

  • For longer travels that involve more than 3 or 4 days, meet your doctor and get a basic health assessment done.
  • Get the basics sorted. If on Insulin, get the dosages adjusted and carry your medical supplies likewise.
  • You also need a letter from the Physician and an ID card mentioning about Diabetes and so you need to carry certain medicines and equipment (like Glucometer/Insulin pens/pump)
  • You should have a travel insurance ready in case of emergency healthcare.
  • If traveling out of country be informed about the different time zones, set your watches accordingly. Inform the airline company about your diabetic condition and things that you need to carry.
  • Locate nearest pharmacies, health clinics at your destination.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India had 69.2 million people living with diabetes in 2015. And number of incidences of Diabetes are on rise – Get yourself regularly checked for Diabetes

Packing:

Make a checklist of the crucial things that you need to carry in your Diabetes Kit.

  • Carry extra medicines
  • Glucometer, test strips and needles, batteries
  • Insulin pens (if using), gel packs (to store them) 
  • Healthy Snacks in case of delays in meals
  • Glucose tablets/powders to avoid Hypoglycemia
  • Contact details of the Endocrinologist who is treating you
  • Basic First aid kit

      If traveling by air, you can keep the above things in hand luggage.

During the travel:

  • Keep checking your sugars more frequently than regular, especially if you are in a completely different climate and time zone.
  • While you travel by road or railway try carry a whole day’s meal and some snacks with you to avoid eating anything unhealthy. It can be Theplas/Parathas/Khakra/Lemony Daliya with Chutney can stay fresh for a day or two.
  • Keep some snacks ready if you tend to miss the meals like Dried fruits/Nuts/Fresh Fruits/Homemade snacks.
  • You can get Healthy food at the airport too. Discuss about the available options there with the help of Dietitian.
  • Healthy food is not difficult to find, know about the local healthy cuisines and try them.
  • Stay Hydrated especially in hot climate areas to avoid dehydration.
  • Try not to miss your regular exercise routine. Stay Active.

Insulin care:

  • For keeping Insulin cool, gel packs and Insulin cases are available which keep the Insulin cool up to 40 hours.
  • You can also wrap the Insulin bottles in thick cloth napkin dipped in cold water.

It is true that Diabetes makes day-to-day life a bit more challenging but do not let it come in the way of enjoying life.

Happy Travelling!

To know more about Diabetes Monitoring Tests & Profiles, click here

Contributed by Mayuri Joshi – Dietitian

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Dengue-Malaria

Dengue and malaria are spread by bite of vector carrying mosquitoes known as Aedes and Female Anopheles respectively. These diseases are common during monsoon as there is water logging and clogging at domestic and public surroundings. Mosquitoes thrive in stagnant water.

Around 40% of world’s population lives in regions and surroundings where there is a risk of dengue transmission. Lack of hygiene, poor sanitation at public places is also one of the important reasons for the spread of dengue and malaria.

Unfortunately, as of now no vaccine has been developed which can protect against dengue and malaria fever. Only avoiding mosquito bites can prevent it. However, simple precautions can go long a way for the same

Anyone who lives in or travels to an at-risk area can undertake several steps to avoid being bitten by infected mosquitoes –

  • Mosquito repellents

Using a repellent with at least 10 percent concentration of diethyltoluamide (DEET). There are cream-based and spray-based mosquito repellents available. Avoid using DEET on young children.

  • Mosquito traps and nets

Nets treated with insecticide are more effective, otherwise the mosquito can bite through the net if the person is standing next to it. The insecticide will kill mosquitoes and other insects, and it will repel insects from entering the room. These nets can be retreated after a period of time.               

  • Door and window screens

 Structural barriers, such as netting on the windows keep mosquitoes out from entering our home and workspaces.

  • Avoid strong scents

Heavily scented soaps and perfumes, longer exposure to strong scents may attract mosquitoes.

  • Timing

Try to avoid being outside at dawn and dusk.

  • Stagnant water

The Aedes mosquito breeds and multiplies in stagnant water. Checking for and removing stagnant water from your surroundings can help reduce the risk of malaria, dengue and other infections.

To reduce the risk of mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water –

  1. Turn buckets and watering cans over and store them under shelter so that water cannot accumulate.
  2. Remove excess water from plant pot and plates.
  3. Clean animal/bird water feeder daily.
  4. Scrub containers before use.
  5. Loosen soil from potted plants, to prevent puddles forming on the surface.
  6. Make sure scupper drains are not blocked and do not place potted plants and other objects over them.
  7. Use non-perforated gully traps, install anti-mosquito valves, and cover any traps that are rarely used.
  8. Do not place receptacles under an air-conditioning unit.
  9. Change the water in flower vases every second day and scrub and rinse the inside of the vase.
  10. Prevent leaves from blocking anything that may result in the accumulation of puddles or stagnant water.
  11. When camping or at a picnic, choose an area away from still water.
  12. Clean water from AC-Cooler regularly.

Wishing you a Happy and Healthy life. Take Care.

Contributed by Dr. Hiral Jasani, an expert in Orthopaedic/musculoskeletal system

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Monsoon brings some relief from heat and by the end of summer months we eagerly wait for rain showers. This time of the year carries a few health issues for both children as well adults. Children have lower immunity as compared to adults are more prone to getting infections.

If proper care is taken along with appropriate dietary and hygiene measures, we can prevent certain infections during monsoon. Thus, we must be little careful regarding overall hygiene & sanitation.

  • Children are most susceptible to infections from unwashed hands. Therefore, hands must be washed frequently with anti-microbial soaps and sanitizers.
  • While drenching in monsoon and playing in muddy water may be an enjoyable thing for a child, but he/she should not be allowed to play in water for long hours and very frequently.
  • If the child has got drenched, make sure they take a bath with clean water and disinfectant soap.
  • Staying wet for a long time may increase the chances of viral infection, influenza or common cold.
  • In case you notice any signs of illness like fever, sneezing, joint pain, breathing issues, etc. contact your pediatrician right away.
  • Avoid self-medication.
  • Check with your doctor about your child’s immunization schedule & enquire about what vaccines he or she needs in order to be protected from range of diseases.
  • Malaria, dengue fever & chikungunya can be avoided by clearing polluted water or stagnant water, if there any, on an urgent basis from your immediate surroundings, so that mosquitoes do not breed.
  • Apply a strong insect repellent (creams/ gels/sprays) to keep the mosquitoes away.
  • Discourage walking through stagnated water areas.
  • During this season slightly damp clothes can lead to fungal infection. Choose loose, cotton clothes over synthetic & nylon fabrics as it quickly absorbs sweat & let the skin breathe.
  • Children’s’ clothes such as socks, school uniforms, raincoats & shoes must be kept clean & dry.
  • When moving out encourage your child to have an umbrella or a raincoat.
  • Dry their feet whenever they get wet. Don’t allow them to wear wet socks or wet shoes.
  • To avoid eye infections (sty, dry eyes) children should be refrained from touching their eyes with dirty hands or after spending long hours in front of electronic devices.
  • Trim their nails short & keep it dirt free.
  • Proper hand wash is necessary before each meal or after touching anything outdoors, along with washing the feet thoroughly after returning home. This habit will help parents to ensure avoiding any infections during monsoon in their children.

Be Food Ready: –

  • Feed your children lighter foods that can be easily digested & are gut friendly. Stick to eating food that’s been cooked fresh or heated just before serving.
  • Completely refrain buying chaats, salads & juice from roadside vendors.
  • Make sure they carry their own bottle of filtered & boiled water.
  • Try different dal preparations
  • Prepare wholesome soups and serve it warm
  • Natural fruit or vegetable-based health drinks, Haldi milk, ginger-tulsi water & mint lemon water are also very useful.

Wishing you a Happy and Healthy Life. Take Care.

Contributed by Dr. Swati Dave, a leading Dietitian and Nutritionist

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Breast-cancer

Women of any age group may encounter any of these abnormal changes in their breasts. Yes, if you find any of these unusual signs in you, it can be scary. But one must refrain from panicking and must consult doctor immediately so that appropriate testing and treatment (if needed) can be carried out.

  • Flat or inverted Nipples

Some women naturally have flat or inverted nipples. Check yourself for flat or inverted nipples by placing your thumb above and finger below your breast on the edge of areola and gently pressing your areola. The nipple should protrude or stick out. If it flattens or indents, you have a flat or inverted nipple. Women with inverted or flat nipples may encounter some difficulties during breastfeeding their child.

Consult your gynecologist or breast care specialist if you have flat or inverted nipples. There are some simple techniques that would help you in correcting this.

  • Breast pain and tenderness

Breast pain or tenderness in breasts is highly common in females during their periods. The hormones and hormonal changes that play role in regulating menstrual cycle may cause breast pain. This kind of breast pain is normal and usually the pain stops on its own after the menstrual cycle. This can also be called as cyclical breast pain.

The breast pain that happens due to some skin injury, muscle or tissue injury, acidity/heartburn, chest pain or some other reason is called acyclical breast pain.

If you suffer from severe breast pain very often, then you must talk to your doctor.

  • Change in the skin color or texture of breasts

Skin infections may occur on or around your breasts. Skin related problems in breasts like redness, rashes, dimpling, itching, crusting, moles, cyst formation or changes in breast skin color can occur. Most of these changes might not be very serious. In certain conditions only, changes in breast appearance can be a symptom of Paget’s disease or breast cancer.

Self-breast examination also includes keeping a check on change in skin color or texture of breasts. If you notice dimpling or scarring or skin of breasts appearing like an orange peel, get yourself examined and consulted by a doctor immediately.

  • Breast Lump/s

While self-examining your breasts if you find some abnormal growth or unusual lump, you must not panic but should immediately consult your gynecologist or breast care specialist.

Lumps in breasts can be an indication of breast cancer. Although, all breast lumps are NOT cancerous. Some lumps can be fluid-filled cysts that are usually not caused by cancer and only require treatment if they cause discomfort.

If you find any sort of breast lump or an unusual growth in your breast you must consult a doctor. The doctor may examine you. Mammography and breast biopsy are other methods of diagnosis to determine the nature of lump. After that the doctor might decide the appropriate treatment, if you need any.

  • Change in the skin color or texture of breasts

Skin infections may occur on or around your breasts. Skin related problems in breasts like redness, rashes, dimpling, itching, crusting, moles, cyst formation or changes in breast skin color can occur. Most of these changes might not be very serious. In certain conditions only, changes in breast appearance can be a symptom of Paget’s disease or breast cancer.

Self-breast examination also includes keeping a check on change in skin color or texture of breasts. If you notice dimpling or scarring or skin of breasts appearing like an orange peel, get yourself examined and consulted by a doctor immediately.

  • Nipple discharge or bleeding from nipples

Just like other ducts in the body, breast ducts also have their own secretions.

Women after giving birth, produce milk secretions for feeding their baby. Those suffering with hypothyroidism (lesser secretion of thyroid hormones) might also show nipple discharge from both breasts.

Many women can squeeze out from their nipples, small amount of yellowish, greenish, or brownish discharge. This is often called “physiologic” discharge. Physiologic discharge is not bloody and most of the times is not cause of concern.

If a nipple discharge is involuntary, comes out spontaneously and has blood, then one must immediately consult a doctor. Bleeding from nipples is one of the symptoms of breast cancer. The doctor may advice you to take diagnostic tests like ductogram (examination of breast ducts) as well as mammogram to understand the cause of bloody discharge and the condition of your breasts.

Choose from our scientifically designed health check-ups to get a detailed report of your inner health. To know more click here

Contributed by Dr. Shefali Desai – Breast Care Expert and Surgeon

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Liver-Health

Your liver is one of the most vital organs of your body. The major role of liver is removal of toxins from the body. Anything and everything you put in the body is processed and taken care of by the liver that later is excreted. In fact, your liver can automatically replace the damaged cells thereby repairing and restoring itself.

However, after a certain point of time the liver loses its ability to repair itself if one constantly indulges in habits that could be secretly damaging the liver. Here are habits that could damage the liver beyond repair.

Habits which you need to give up if you want to keep your liver healthy –

1. Alcoholism – Anything that is consumed in moderation and is not regular may not harm the liver. However, excessive consumption of alcohol can damage the liver beyond repair. It leads to a condition known as Alcoholic Liver Disease. Alcoholic liver disease damages the liver, leading to a buildup of fats, inflammation, and scarring. In short, the detoxification mechanism is bound to go kaput if consumption of alcohol is not restricted or controlled in the long run.

2. Smoking – It is written on the pack of cigarettes that ‘’Smoking is Injurious to Health’. However, many of us still choose to smoke because we find it cool or to fit in with peers or have got addicted and now, it has become too hard to quit. Cigarette smoking can have numerous side effects and liver damage is one of them. While cigarette smoking does not affect the liver directly, but excessive use of nicotine-filled rolls can lead to oxidative stress, which in turn produces free radicals ultimately damaging the liver.

3. Overuse of Drugs – So you immediately pop a pill whenever you are not feeling well. Isn’t it? Excessive use of any medicine or drug can again damage your liver eventually and can lead to liver failure. The liver breaks down majority of the medicines before they are distributed to other parts of the body. Hence, if you continue to abuse it with overuse of drugs – medicinal drugs or recreational drugs, believe me it is bound to affect health.

4. Sleeplessness – So you work all day and party hard in the night by sacrificing your sleep? Or you are multi-tasking person juggling multiple responsibilities, some days at the cost of your sleep. Hold on! This might damage your liver in the long run. Studies indicate that not sleeping enough can cause oxidative stress to the liver.

5. Poor nutrition and obesity – We all love eating out at restaurants, cafes. Don’t we?  Bear in mind that poor eating habits and consumption of processed and frozen foods on regular basis could be damaging your liver slowly. Poor eating habits, erratic schedules and consumption of processed/packaged/outside/fried foods can damage the liver as it leads to build up of fat and toxins, which the liver cannot get rid of easily.

Wishing you a very Happy and Healthy Life. Take care.

Contributed by – Huda Shaikh, a leading nutritionist, clinical dietitian and health blogger.

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Health Risks for Men

Men have shorter life expectancies than women. Men are at higher risk of certain diseases as compared to women attributing to their lifestyle, habits, genetic factors, work patterns, gender related behaviours.

Here are top 5 health risks for men –

1. Heart Diseases

Heart diseases which are also known as cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the number 1 killer worldwide and accounts for 1 out of 4 deaths in males. Coronary artery disease (CAD) develops when arteries that supply blood to the heart muscles become hardened and narrowed which reduces blood flow and therefore oxygen to the heart leading to heart attack.

Most of the risk factors for heart diseases are modifiable and thus a heart attack is preventable to the larger extent if appropriate lifestyle and dietary modifications are brought about.

Prevention includes avoidance of excessive smoking and alcohol consumption, blood pressure control, maintaining appropriate blood sugar level, keeping a check on cholesterol levels, doing physical activity especially cardio activities for at least 30 minutes for 5 days a week, weight control.

2. Accidents

Accidents cannot be called as a “health risk “and certainly not a gender specific health risk yet many men die in big numbers every year due to road accidents, injuries due to fall and fire accidents. According to a report in Economic times in 2018 – In India, more than 150,000 people are killed each year only in traffic accidents. 

Prevention includes avoidance of speaking or texting on mobile phone while driving, avoiding speeding, avoiding drunk and driving.

Try to avoid falls by regular exercises which would improve body’s strength and balance, have regular eye check-ups and improve lighting of your surroundings. To ensure fire safety – install smoke alarms, check safety of heating units and cooking units, electrical units and appliances.     

3. Cancer

Most common forms of cancers in men are cancers of lung, liver, prostrate and intestine.

Men after the age of 40, must get checked on regular basis for prostate cancer. Commonly used household chemicals and cosmetics contain cancer-causing compounds. Apart from genetic factors, it is estimated that up to 20% of cancer cases can be linked to environmental exposure of toxins like tobacco, alcohol, air pollution, food chemicals and diets rich in meat and low in vegetables.

Prevention includes avoidance of risk factors, regular screening and check-ups for cancer and its early symptoms, and early detection in high risk individuals.

4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

It is the leading cause of death among males; risk factors include smoking (both active and passive) and air pollution. This disease can also be a result of professional hazard for those working in mining or stone quarries.

For prevention – cessation of smoking, lessening exposure to environmental pollution, increase in ventilation and fresh air by opening windows at home and workplace, using portable air cleaners, minimise exposure to workplace chemicals and industrial pollutants will help to mitigate the risk of COPD.

5. Cerebrovascular accident or stroke

A cerebrovascular accident occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is interrupted by either a blood clot creating blockage in an artery or rupture of blood vessel in the brain. Brain cells begin to deteriorate, and brain damage occurs. This condition leads to loss of speech, movement and memory.

Preventable risk factors of stroke include hypertension, stress, anxiety, tobacco consumption, diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, excessive alcohol, obesity, physical inactivity, drug abuse.

Finally, it can be concluded that many of these risks to life and health in men are preventable by adopting healthy lifestyle and habits and with efforts to maintain physical fitness and mental peace.

Wishing you a very Happy and Healthy Life. Take care

Contributed by – Dr. Parag Sharma, M.D Director at Aarogya hospital, Hapur

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterised by high blood glucose due to lack of insulin secretion or action or both. Today, the ratio of diabetes is rapidly increasing worldwide, and India would be ranking number one by 2030. Not only adults’ toddlers and kids are also at risk of getting diabetes

Let us understand in simple terms why Diabetes occurs and how it can be prevented or managed.

The food we eat is digested and converted to glucose, which is then utilised for energy production (or stored in liver and Muscles) through a chain of process mediated by insulin hormone secreted by Pancreas.

Change in production levels or action of insulin hormone leads to increase sugar levels in blood which is termed as hyperglycaemia (excess blood glucose) or hypoglycaemia (sudden decrease in the levels of blood glucose). Increased blood sugar level is not a one-day game it starts years before in your body but after a certain time it shows it’s presence by damaging some of our systems. Many a times apparently visible healthy individuals with good lifestyle may also have disturbed glucose levels.

Diabetes is only caused by eating too much sugar is one of the biggest health myths.

What can trigger Diabetes in an individual?

  • Excess intake of carbohydrates
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Junk food
  • Overeating
  • Obesity
  • Genetic factors
  • Environmental factors
  • Hormonal disturbance in body
  • Poor sleep

In hyperglycaemia fasting blood sugar > 126 mg/dL, Post-prandial > 200 mg/dL and HbA1c > 5.7 whereas in hypoglycaemia blood sugar drops below 70 mg/dL.

When fasting glucose is between 100-125 mg/dl and /or PP is 140-199mg/dl this is termed as prediabetes. Normal blood glucose as defined American Diabetes Association is Fasting less than 100 and PP less than 140 mg/dl.

The bitter truth is that Diabetes develops silently for years in your body. Most of the time people surprisingly come to know during some or other health check-up that they are affected with irregular blood sugar.

For consistent and accurate monitoring of your blood sugar levels at regular intervals check out the DIABETES tests and profiles offered by Metropolis here

Signs and symptoms of hyperglycaemia –

  • Increased thirst
  • Lack of appetite
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent infections
  • Feeling tired or fatigue
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Numbness or tingling in limbs
  • Poor vision

Signs and symptoms of hypoglycaemia –

  • Fatigue
  • Excess hunger
  • Shakiness
  • Bouts of confusion
  • Heart palpitations
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating

To manage or prevent hypoglycaemia, keep an eye on blood sugar levels at regular intervals and take proper balance diet and exercise. Known diabetics who are on medication must carry sugar/candy pouch for contingencies.

If not taken care of in time diabetes will damage your vital organs like kidney, nervous system, heart, eyes, brain and would lead to fatal diseases like heart attack, renal failure and stroke.

3.4 Million deaths in India occur due to high blood sugar. So, if you consistently see any of the above signs and symptoms particularly those mentioned for hyperglycaemia please visit a doctor and get your sugar test done and take a proper diet and exercise guidance from qualified dietitian to prevent yourself from this silent killer.

Contributor’s profile – Janki Chauhan consulting dietitian, diabetes educator and yoga trainer at Nutrizen clinic

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